Comparison of the secretory response of the nasal mucosa to methacholine and histamine
Baroody, F.M.; Wagenmann, M.; Naclerio, R.M.
Journal of Applied Physiology 74(6): 2661-2671
ISSN/ISBN: 8750-7587 PMID: 8365966 DOI: 10.1152/jappl.19188.8.131.5261
To better understand the secretory response of the nasal mucosa, we must be able to accurately measure its physiological response. To this end, we developed a localized challenge technique using paper disks to stimulate the mucosa on one side and measure secretions from both sides to study both direct and reflex responses. Both methacholine and histamine induced a dose-dependent increase in secretion weights on the challenge side, whereas only histamine induced a contralateral reflex. Repeated stimulation with histamine, but not methacholine, resulted in tachyphylaxis. Pretreatment with atropine resulted in inhibition of the contralateral secretory response to histamine and the ipsilateral response to methacholine with only partial inhibition of the ipsilateral histamine response. Terfenadine pretreatment resulted in the complete inhibition of both the ipsilateral and contralateral responses to histamine with no effect on methacholine-induced secretions. Ipsilaterally applied lidocaine had no effect on the histamine response but, when applied contralaterally, partially inhibited that response. Topical diphenhydramine applied ipsilaterally led to significant inhibition of the ipsilateral and contralateral secretory responses to histamine but had no effect when applied contralaterally. We conclude that methacholine and histamine have different effects on the nasal mucosa. We speculate that methacholine stimulates glands directly, whereas histamine includes both direct and neurogenic stimulation.