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Comparison of three maximal anaerobic running test protocols in marathon runners, middle-distance runners and sprinters



Comparison of three maximal anaerobic running test protocols in marathon runners, middle-distance runners and sprinters



International Journal of Sports Medicine 17 Suppl 2: S109-S113



Three modifications of the maximal anaerobic running test (MART) were compared in sprinters (Spr, n = 5), middle-distance runners (Mid, n = 5) and marathon runners (Mar, n = 6). The MART-1, MART-3 and MART-5 consisted of n sets of 1 cntdot 20-s, 3 cntdot 20-s and 5 cntdot 20-s runs, respectively, on a treadmill with 40-s recovery between the runs and 100-s recovery between the sets. In each MART the velocity of the first set of runs was 3.0 m cntdot s-1 and the slope 4 degree . Thereafter, the velocity was gradually increased by 0.38 m cntdot s-1 for each consecutive set until exhaustion. After each set and after exhaustion fingertip blood samples were taken to determine lactate concentration and three counter-movement jumps (CMJ) were performed. Maximal (P-max) and submaximal (P-4mM) running power in each MART was expressed as the oxygen demand (ml cntdot kg-1 cntdot min-1) of the runs. In MART-1, Mar had a significantly lower P-max than Mid or Spr (mean +- SD; 97.8 +- 5.4 vs. 121.0 +- 4.4 vs. 119.2 +- 5.4 ml cntdot kg-1 cntdot min-1), while in MART-3 the groups did not differ significantly, and the sprinters were unable to perform MART-5. Mar, Mid and Spr attained the lower P-max the more runs per set in MART (p lt 0.01). Mar had the higher peak blood lactate the more runs each set consisted of (p lt 0.001). In Mid and Spr, the peak blood lactate did not differ significantly between the MARTs but was significantly higher than the corresponding peak blood lactate of the marathon runners. P-max in MART-1 correlated positively with maximal 20-m sprinting speed on a track and with CMJ height (p lt 0.001, n = 16) but negatively with ovrhdot VO-2max (p lt 0.001, n = 16) while in MART-3 no significant correlations were found. It was concluded that the n cntdot 1 cntdot 20-s protocol should be used to measure the maximal anaerobic power of all runners. However, in long-distance runners more runs per set may be needed to evaluate their anaerobic capacity.

Accession: 008363725

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8844274

DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972910



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