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Cross-reactivity of human molecular markers for detection of prethrombotic states in various animal species


Cross-reactivity of human molecular markers for detection of prethrombotic states in various animal species



Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 6(5): 446-455



ISSN/ISBN: 0957-5235

PMID: 8589212

DOI: 10.1097/00001721-199507000-00012

The aim of the present study was to investigate the reactivity of immunoreagents developed for clinical applications in humans in different animal species (hen, mouse, rat, rabbit, guinea-pig, dog, pig, sheep, baboon). Prothrombin fragment 1 + 2, thrombin-antithrombin III complex and fibrinopeptide A were tested for coagulation, platelet factor 4 and beta-thromboglobulin for platelet activation, glycoprotein IIb-IIIa, glycoprotein Ib and P-selectin for platelet membrane glycoproteins, D-dimers for fibrinolysis, thrombomodulin for activation of endothelial cells and thrombospondin and von Willebrand factor for adhesive proteins. Prothrombin fragment 1 + 2, platelet factor 4, beta-thromboglobulin and D-dimers were revealed only in baboons. Fibrinopeptide A was well detected in baboons but weakly in mice, dogs, pigs and sheep. Whereas glycoprotein IIb-IIIa was revealed on guinea-pig, dog and sheep platelets and glycoprotein Ib on rabbit and dog platelets, P-selectin and thrombomodulin were never detected. Thrombospondin was revealed in hens, mice, rats, guinea-pigs, pigs, sheep and baboons and von Willebrand factor in mice, rats, guinea-pigs, dogs, pigs, sheep and baboons. Interestingly, thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) was detected in all species tested except the hen. A time- and dose-dependent increase in TAT was observed when rats, dogs or pigs were infused with thromboplastin (4.5-450 microliters/kg/h), while administration of hirudin (1 mg/kg) abolished this TAT generation. Thus, the TAT immunoassay could provide a tool for the screening of antithrombotic drugs in a number of animal species. However, the possibility of using a wider panel of human immunoreagents would appear to be restricted to baboons which display good species cross-reactivity.

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