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Dmt-Tic-OH a highly selective and potent delta-opioid dipeptide receptor antagonist after systemic administration in the mouse



Dmt-Tic-OH a highly selective and potent delta-opioid dipeptide receptor antagonist after systemic administration in the mouse



Life Sciences 59(8): Pl93-Pl98



Dmt-Tic-OH (DTOH) and Dmt-Tic-Ala-OH (DTAOH), effective antagonists in vitro, represent a new potent opioid dipeptides for the delta-opioid receptor (K-i-delta of 0.022 nM and a selectivity, K-i-mu/K-i-delta, of 150,000 for DTOH; K-i-delta of 0.285 nM and a selectivity K-i-mu/K-i-delta, of 20,4 for DTAOH). In the present study we considered the pharmacological activity of these two new delta opioid peptide receptor antagonists in vivo. Therefore, we have evaluated their possible antagonistic activity against the antinociception induced by the highly selective 6 opioid receptor agonist, (D-Ala-2)deltorphin II (DEL). Furthermore, these two delta opioid peptide receptor antagonists were injected centrally or peripherally in order to assess their ability to act also after systemic administration. Concurrent i.c.v. injection of DTOH or DTAOH (0.5-1.0-2.0 nM) with DEL (5 nmol) induced a significant reduction of DEL antinociception. By contrast, while DTOH (10-20-40 mg/kg) administered peripherally (i.p., s.c. or i.v.) was also able to reduce DEL antinociception, DTAOH failed. The present results indicate that DTOH is the first opioid dipeptide with delta antagonist activity after systemic administration and it could be important in the clinical and therapeutic applications.

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Accession: 008415263

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PMID: 8761022


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