Delayed gastric emptying affects outcome of Nissen fundoplication in neurologically impaired children
Alexander, F.; Wyllie, R.; Jirousek, K.; Secic, M.; Porvasnik, S.
Surgery 122(4): 690-7; Discussion 697-8
Background: Nissen fundoplication (NF) has a relatively high failure rate in neurologically impaired children with gastroesophageal reflux (GER). In 1990 we began to use routine technetium 99m sulfur colloid emptying scans and pyloroplasty with NF for delayed gastric emptying (DGE) in our neurologically impaired patients. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of DGE and pyloroplasty on the outcome of NF in neurologically impaired children. Methods: One hundred neurologically impaired children underwent NF by a single surgeon between August 1986 and July 1995. Beginning in January 1990 emptying scans were routinely obtained, and patients with DGE underwent pyloroplasty with NF. Outcome analysis was performed for recurrence/wrap failure and other parameters. Mean follow-up was 5.8 years, with a minimum of 18 months. Results: DGE was found in 35 (65%) of the 54 children who had emptying scans. All 11 children with normal scans had successful NF without recurrent reflux (100%). Forty (93%) of 43 children who underwent pyloroplasty and NF had successful outcomes. Thirty-eight children underwent NF without evaluation of gastric emptying with success in 30 of them (78.9%). Overall success improved from 34 (83%) of 41 in the first half of the study, when 3 (7%) of 41 children underwent emptying scans, to 55 (93%) of 59 in the second half, when 51 (86%) of 59 of the children underwent emptying scans. Conclusions: DGE is common in neurologically impaired children with GER. NF in children with normal gastric emptying has a high probability of success. Pyloroplasty improves the outcome of NF in children with DGE. Neurologically impaired children should be evaluated for DGE before operation for GER.