Detection of i (17q) chromosome by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with interphase nuclei in medulloblastoma

Vagner-Capodano, A.M.; Zattara-Cannoni, H.; Gambarelli, D.; Gentet, J.C.; Genitori, L.; Lena, G.; Graziani, N.; Raybaud, C.; Choux, M.; Grisoli, F.

Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 78(1): 1-6


ISSN/ISBN: 0165-4608
PMID: 7987794
DOI: 10.1016/0165-4608(94)90037-x
Accession: 008440296

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Medulloblastomas are the most frequent primitive neurectodermal tumors in children. An isochromosome for the long arm of 17, i(17q), is found in 30% of medulloblastomas. For some authors, this abnormality is observed in cases with a shorter survival time. In our cytogenetic studies of 30 medulloblastomas, we observed i(17q) in only three cases, a monosomy 17 in two cases, a monosomy 22 in four cases, nonspecific numerical or structural abnormalities in five cases, and normal karyotypes in 12 cases. We compared the results of karyotypic analysis after culture and FISH with a chromosome 17 alpha satellite DNA probe on interphase nuclei in five cases of medulloblastoma. In one case, i(17q) was only observed in four cells in karyotypic analysis, in three cases a normal karyotype was found, and in one case karyotypic analysis was impossible. In all of these cases, i(17q) was observed in a great number of nuclei by FISH on interphase nuclei. Our study shows that the FISH on interphase nuclei permitted us to observe i(17q) in the cases where it was not or could not be completely detected by karyotypic analysis. The association of these two techniques is required to detect i(17q), an abnormality whose prognosis value in medulloblastomas is now recognized.