Section 9
Chapter 8,442

Detection of numerical chromosomal abnormalities in malignant cells on body fluids by fluorescence in situ hybridization of interphase cell nuclei with chromosome-specific probes

Cajulis, R.S.; Frias-Hidvegi, D.

Diagnostic Cytopathology 8(6): 627


ISSN/ISBN: 8755-1039
PMID: 1468342
DOI: 10.1002/dc.2840080619
Accession: 008441088

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To detect numerical chromosomal abnormalities (NCA) in malignant cells on body fluids. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique was tested in clinical specimens from patients with metastatic disease. Directly labeled DNA probes specific for chromosomes 8, 12, X, and Y (Imagenetics, Naperville, IL) were used for in situ hybridization to interphase cell nuclei. Fifteen body fluids (BF) from various sites were studied. Based initially on the Papanicolaou-stained slides, there were seven malignant and eight benign samples. Blind analysis (200 cells/sample) showed that all benign samples had a normal number of chromosomes, whereas six of seven malignant samples showed different NCA comprising 5-60% of the cell population ranging from three to 10 chromosome signals per cell. We conclude that interphase cytogenetic cell analysis of BF by FISH is: feasible and gives superior signals for detection of NCA, helpful in detecting malignant cells, relatively simple with a turnaround time of less than 24 hr. This method may have diagnostic and prognostic application in the study of the biologic behaviour of malignant neoplasms.

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