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Determination of penicillins in animals tissues at trace residue concentrations: Part I. Determination of benzylpenicillin in milk by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with solid phase extraction and liquid chromatographic fractionation clean-up


Determination of penicillins in animals tissues at trace residue concentrations: Part I. Determination of benzylpenicillin in milk by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with solid phase extraction and liquid chromatographic fractionation clean-up



Analytica Chimica Acta 318(1): 95-101



ISSN/ISBN: 0003-2670

A liquid chromatographic (LC) method for the determination of benzylpenicillin (penicillin G) in milk has been developed. Milk was decreamed by centrifugation and deproteinised using sulphuric acid/sodium tungstate. Initial clean-up was achieved using C-18 solid phase extraction (SPE). The SPE eluate was cleaned-up by reversed-phase LC fractionation at neutral pH. Final determination was by reversed-phase LC at acidic pH with post-column derivatisation with imidazole/mercury(II) chloride reagent followed by UV absorbance determination at 320 nm. Average recoveries at 2 and 10 mu-g kg-1 were 70-73%. The lower limit of quantification was 2 mu-g kg-1.

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