Section 9
Chapter 8,452

Development and validation of column-switching high-performance liquid chromatographic methods for the determination of a potent AII receptor antagonist, TCV-116, and its metabolites in human serum and urine

Lee, J.W.; Naidong, W.; Johnson, T.; Dzerk, A.; Miyabayashi, T.; Motohashi, M.

Journal of Chromatography. B Biomedical Applications 670(2): 287-298


ISSN/ISBN: 1572-6495
PMID: 8548019
DOI: 10.1016/0378-4347(95)00146-8
Accession: 008451193

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Column-switching HPLC methods have been developed and validated for the determination of a new antihypertensive prodrug, TCV-116 (I), and its metabolites, CV-11974 (II) and CV-15959 (III), in human serum and urine. Initial sample cleanup was achieved by extracting the analytes into an organic solvent. After chromatographing on an ODS column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and an acidic phosphate buffer, the zone of the analyte's retention was heart-cut onto a second ODS column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile and a phosphate buffer at a higher pH. Complete separation of the analytes and the endogenous peaks was accomplished by the two-dimensional chromatography. Good precision and linearity of the calibration standards, as well as the inter-day and intra-day precision and accuracy of quality control samples, were achieved. The limit of quantitation (LOQ), using 0.5 ml of serum, was 2 ng/ml for I, 0.8 ng/ml for II, and 0.5 ng/ml for III. The LOQ for urine sample was 10 ng/ml for II and III. Stability of the analytes during storage, extraction, and chromatography processes was established. The results illustrate the versatile application of column switching to method development of multiple analytes in various biological matrices. The methods have been successfully used for the analyses of I and its metabolites in thousands of clinical samples to provide pharmacokinetic data.

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