Different effects of basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta on the two platelet-derived growth factor receptors' expression in scleroderma and healthy human dermal fibroblasts
Ichiki, Y.; Smith, E.; LeRoy, E.C.; Trojanowska, M.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology 104(1): 124-127
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-202X PMID: 7798629 DOI: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12613617
Previous studies have demonstrated that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) alpha receptor expression is up-regulated by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in scleroderma dermal fibroblasts, but not in healthy control fibroblasts. We asked whether this selective effect in scleroderma cells was TGF-beta 1-specific or a general response by studying responses to other growth factors. In this study, we compared the expression of alpha and beta PDGF receptor subunits (mRNA and protein levels) in these two cell types in response to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and TGF-beta 1. bFGF coordinately stimulated mRNA levels of alpha and beta receptor subunits in healthy fibroblasts, but did not change PDGF receptor expression in scleroderma fibroblasts. Conversely, and in agreement with previous observations, TGF-beta 1 induced PDGF alpha receptor expression in scleroderma fibroblasts, but not in healthy fibroblasts. PDGF beta receptor mRNA levels were induced to similar degrees by TGF-beta 1 in both cell types. PDGF alpha receptor protein levels correlated directly with mRNA levels, induced by bFGF only in healthy fibroblasts and by TGF-beta 1 only in scleroderma fibroblasts. However, PDGF beta receptor protein levels were not altered by either growth factor in either cell type. Thus, the activated state of scleroderma fibroblasts does not include receptor-signaling pathways to bFGF. This distinct pattern of expression of PDGF alpha receptors in scleroderma fibroblasts suggests a possible role for the coordinately expressed PDGF AA ligand/alpha receptor system in the development of fibrosis.