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Differential desensitization response of the neonatal and adult rat somatotroph to growth hormone-releasing hormone and phorbol ester

Differential desensitization response of the neonatal and adult rat somatotroph to growth hormone-releasing hormone and phorbol ester

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 117(1): 75-81

ISSN/ISBN: 0303-7207

PMID: 8734475

DOI: 10.1016/0303-7207(95)03731-4

Elevated levels of circulating growth hormone (GH) in the perinatal animal may be caused in part by relative resistance to the desensitizing effects of GH secretagogues. We compared the effects of 4-day exposure of primary pituitary cell cultures from adult mate and 2-day-old rats to GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 10 nM) or 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA; 1 mu-M) on subsequent acute GH response to these secretagogues. Prolonged exposure to GHRH reduced subsequent GHRH-induced GH release from pituitary cells of both age groups, but the reduction in GH response was significantly less in neonates than adults. In addition, GH secretion from neonatal pituitaries rose progressively during each day of GHRH exposure, to reach levels almost 7 times basal; by contrast, GH secretion from adult pituitaries increased only transiently and then declined. Prolonged exposure to TPA reduced the subsequent GH response to TPA equally in neonates and adults, but differentially affected the GH response to GHRH; TPA exposure reduced the GH response to GHRH in neonates, but not in adults. These data suggest a fundamental difference between the GH regulatory processes of neonatal and adult pituitaries. The ability of the somatotroph to exhibit attenuated GH response on exposure to secretagogue is developmentally regulated, and relative resistance of the immature somatotroph to homologous desensitization by GHRH may contribute to elevated serum GH levels during the perinatal period.

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Accession: 008469912

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