Differential effect of subspecies of lipoprotein containing apolipoprotein A-I on cholesterol efflux from cholesterol-loaded macrophages: functional correlation with lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase
Ohta, T.; Nakamura, R.; Ikeda, Y.; Shinohara, M.; Miyazaki, A.; Horiuchi, S.; Matsuda, I.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1165(1): 119-128
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002 PMID: 1420341 Accession: 008470467
Two species of lipoprotein containing apoA-I, one containing only apoA-I (LpA-I), and the other containing apoA-I and apoA-II (LpA-I/A-II), were tested for their effects on macrophage foam cells. Rat macrophages were converted to foam cells by incubation with radiolabeled acetylated LDL. Incubation with LpA-I or LpA-I/A-II decreased the cellular cholesteryl esters (CE) mass. However, the free cholesterol (FC) mass was only reduced by LpA-I. All the radioactivity excreted into the medium was associated with LpA-I or LpA-I/A-II; 39% of the excreted radioactivity was esterified in LpA-I and 10% in LpA-I/A-II. Upon complete inactivation of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity with dithiobisnitrobenzoic acid, the cholesterol reducing capacity of LpA-I was weakened significantly. However, the CE mass reducing capacity of LpA-I/A-II was not affected. When LpA-I and LpA-I/A-II were combined, the cholesterol reducing capacity of the mixture was similar to that of LpA-I alone. However, LpA-I re-isolated from the medium showed a lower esterification rate than did the re-isolated LpA-I/A-II, thereby indicating that the cholesterol esterified in LpA-I was transferred to LpA-I/A-II. These results suggest that (i) the function of LpA-I is closely linked to the LCAT activity while that of LpA-I/A-II is not, and (ii) LpA-I in concert with LpA-I/A-II induces a series of extracellular events; LCAT-mediated esterification of excreted FC by LpA-I and a subsequent CE transfer to LpA-I/A-II. These mechanisms might be important for net cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells in physiological states.