Differential expression of the regularly spliced wild-type p53 and its COOH-terminal alternatively spliced form during epidermal differentiation
Rehberger, P.A.; Richter, K.H.; Schwartz, D.; Goldfinger, N.; Oskato, R.; Almog, N.; Marks, F.; Rotter, V.
Cell Growth and Differentiation: the Molecular Biology Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 8(8): 851-860
In the present study, we investigated the role of p53 in the differentiation of epidermal keratinocyte cells. The interrelationship between p53 expression and the various stages of epidermal differentiation and the role of the COOH terminus of the p53 molecule in this process were determined by comparing the expression of the regularly spliced p53 (RSp53) molecule and that of the COOH-terminal alternatively spliced (ASp53) form. p53 mRNA distribution was studied by in situ analysis of frozen skin sections and by reverse transcription-PCR analysis of the various wild-type p53 forms expressed in neonatal skin cell fractions separated by Percoll gradient. p53 protein levels were measured by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and immunohistochemistry, using antibodies that recognize either the COOH terminus of RSp53 or ASp53. The results show that although less mature keratinocyte cells predominantly express the RSp53 form, the more mature cells preferentially express the ASp53 form. Therefore, it is possible that the two p53 forms are associated with different functions required at the various stages of keratinocyte differentiation. The results suggest that the COOH-terminal domain of the p53 molecule is important for its activity in the process of keratinocyte differentiation.