Differential locations in the midbrain of distinct groups of vertical eye movement-related neurones in cat: their projections and direct connections with oculomotor neurones
Shiraishi, Y.; Nakao, S.
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 154(2): 151-163
ISSN/ISBN: 0001-6772 PMID: 7572211 DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1995.tb09897.x
The present study was undertaken to investigate the firing patterns, location and projections of vertical eye movement-related neurones in the Forel's field H (FFH), the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC), and reticular formation of the mesodiencephalic junction (MDJ) in chronically prepared alert cats. A total of 456 neurones in the medial MDJ with firing closely related to vertical eye movements was examined using antidromic microstimulation and spike-triggered averaging technique. On the basis of their firing patterns, these neurones were classified into five groups, i.e. burst neurones (BNs), burst-tonic neurones (BTNs), tonic neurones (TNs), augmenting neurones (ANs) and pause neurones (PNs). BNs were located mainly in the dorsomedial part of the FFH. Most of TNs were found more caudally than BNs. BTNs and PNs were located further caudally, within the INC and nearby reticular formation. ANs were located mainly in the dorsolateral part of the FFH. Both medium-lead BNs (MLBNs) and BTNs projected to the inferior rectus (IR) subdivision of the oculomotor nucleus on both sides. MLBNs projected to the trochlear nucleus as well through collateral branches of the axon projecting to the oculomotor nucleus. Downward and upward MLBNs made direct excitatory and inhibitory connections, respectively, with IR motorneurones. These results suggest that many kinds of neurones in the paramedian regions of MDJ play a significant role in the genesis of vertical eye movements.