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Differential oxygen sensitivity of calcium channels in rabbit smooth muscle cells of conduit and resistance pulmonary arteries



Differential oxygen sensitivity of calcium channels in rabbit smooth muscle cells of conduit and resistance pulmonary arteries



Journal of Physiology 491: 511-518



1. Calcium currents were recorded from smooth muscle cells dispersed from conduit and resistance rabbit pulmonary arteries. We tested the hypothesis that Ca2+ channel activity was regulated by environmental O2 tension. 2. Conduit (proximal) and resistance (distal) myocytes differ in their Ca2+ channel density and responses to low PO2. Ca2+ current density in distal myocytes (20.7 +/- 7.4 pA pF-1, n = 10) is almost twice the value in proximal myocytes (12.6 +/- 5.5 pA pF-1, n = 39). In proximal myocytes, the predominant response to reductions in PO2 is inhibition of the calcium current (n = 12) at membrane potentials below 0 mV, whereas potentiation of current amplitude is observed in distal myocytes (n = 24). 3. Hypoxia also produces opposite shifts in the conductance-voltage relationships along the voltage axis. The average displacements induced by low PO2 are +5.05 +/- 2.98 mV (n = 5) in proximal myocytes and -6.06 +/- 2.45 (n = 10) in distal myocytes. 4. These findings demonstrate longitudinal differences in Ca2+ channel density and O2 sensitivity in myocytes along the pulmonary arterial tree. These results may help to understand the differential reactivity to hypoxia of the pulmonary vasculature: vasodilatation in conduit arteries and vasoconstriction in resistance vessels.

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Accession: 008473858

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8866874

DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021235


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