Section 9
Chapter 8,491

Distribution of fibroblast growth factor 5 mRNA in the rat brain: An in situ hybridization study

Gómez-Pinilla, F.; Cotman, C.W.

Brain Research 606(1): 79-86


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-8993
PMID: 8462006
DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(93)91572-a
Accession: 008490931

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are potent growth factors with roles in the brain ranging from development to adult plasticity. FGF-5 is a newly described member of the fibroblast growth factor family. In order to evaluate a possible role of FGF-5, we have examined the locus of synthesis of FGF-5 in the rat brain. We have used in situ hybridization of 35S-labelled RNA probe complementary to FGF-5 mRNA. FGF-5 mRNA was present in neurons in select regions of the rat brain. FGF-5 mRNA expression was particularly intense in the olfactory bulb within periglomerular elements and the mitral cell layer. The primary olfactory cortex also showed a robust expression of FGF-5 mRNA mostly within layer II. In the hippocampal formation, the greatest labelling of FGF-5 mRNA occurred in hippocampal pyramidal cells within subfields CA3 and secondarily within subfields CA1, CA2 and CA4. The dentate gyrus granule cells displayed a modest hybridization signal. The cerebral cortex (neocortex) showed a light labelling throughout its rostro-caudal extent mostly within external layers. The entorhinal cortex showed a higher FGF-5 mRNA expression as compared to the neocortex and signal appeared more intense in layer II. In general, FGF-5 mRNA was shown to be localized mostly in limbic structures, suggesting that FGF-5 may play a role in limbic system function or dysfunction.

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