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Dual regulatory effects of interferon-alpha, -beta, and -gamma on interleukin-8 gene expression by human gingival fibroblasts in culture upon stimulation with lipopolysaccharide from Prevotella intermedia, interleukin-1alpha, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha



Dual regulatory effects of interferon-alpha, -beta, and -gamma on interleukin-8 gene expression by human gingival fibroblasts in culture upon stimulation with lipopolysaccharide from Prevotella intermedia, interleukin-1alpha, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha



Journal of Dental Research 77(8): 1597-1605



In a previous study, we demonstrated that the amount of interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA expressed by human gingival fibroblasts stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Prevotella intermedia ATCC 25611 is increased by pre-treatment with beta or gamma interferon (IFN-beta or -gamma). In the present study, we identified the regulatory effects of these IFNs on IL-8 mRNA expression and IL-8 production by human gingival fibroblasts. Priming with IFN-alpha (alpha), -beta, or -gamma upregulated the IL-8 mRNA expression in response to P. intermedia LPS, whereas co-stimulation with these IFNs reduced the amount of mRNA expressed by the cells. The regulation of IL-8 mRNA expression induced by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rHuTNF-alpha) or rHuIL-1alpha was similar to that induced by LPS. The IL-8 mRNA expression in response to P. intermedia LPS was enhanced by IFN-gamma independently of de novo protein synthesis, and was regulated, at least in part, at the transcriptional level. The IL-8 mRNA accumulation in response to P. intermedia LPS was inhibited by tosylphenyl-alanyl chloromethyl-ketone, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation, although the NF-kappaB activation itself was not altered by IFN-gamma. These findings suggest that IFNs might be capable of both enhancing and inhibiting inflammatory responses in periodontal tissues through the dual regulation of IL-8 production by gingival fibroblasts in response to bacterial components and cytokines.

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Accession: 008505759

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PMID: 9719033


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Dual Regulatory Effects of Interferon-, -, and - on Interleukin-8 Gene Expression by Human Gingival Fibroblasts in Culture upon Stimulation with Lipopolysaccharide from Prevotella intermedia, Interleukin-1, or Tumor Necrosis Factor-. Journal of Dental Research 77(8): 1597-1605, 1998

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