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Dynamics of EEG background activity level during quiet sleep in multiple nocturnal sleep episodes in infants



Dynamics of EEG background activity level during quiet sleep in multiple nocturnal sleep episodes in infants



Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology. 103(6): 621-626,.



The study reported in this paper investigated the dynamics of EEG background activity during quiet sleep (QS) in the first year of life. These dynamics have been previously shown to follow an intra-sleep trend within a single sleep episode, and the aim of this study was to show whether they were similar in two successive nocturnal sleep episodes interrupted by a waking episode, or whether they exhibited a progressive trend across the two episodes. The polygraphic recordings of two groups of 6 infants aged from 9 to 15 weeks old and from 25 to 47 weeks old, whose nocturnal sleep organization was spontaneously interrupted, were selected. Three indicators of the time course of the parameter value, obtained from automatic analysis and reflecting the degree of synchronization of the EEG activity recorded by the centro-occipital lead, were computed for the first two QS periods of two successive sleep episodes: the parameter range (difference between the EEG parameter value at the QS onset and that at the trough); the trough latency (time interval between QS onset and trough); and rate of synchronization (range/trough latency). All 3 indicators differed between the first and the second QS period of both sleep episodes independently of age. The rate of synchronization (but not the parameter range and the trough latency) was higher in the first sleep episode than in the second one, showing an over-night decreasing trend. Those results show that, when nocturnal sleep in infants is split into two episodes separated by an intervening waking, also the second sleep episode displays an internal organization of its EEG dynamics. Moreover, an across-night trend in the rate of synchronization can be observed from an early age, a finding which suggests, again, the early emergence of homeostatic regulation of sleep.

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Accession: 008507960

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DOI: 10.1016/s0013-4694(97)00076-x


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