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Effect of dietary aluminum and vitamin D interaction on growth and calcium and phosphorus metabolism of broiler chicks



Effect of dietary aluminum and vitamin D interaction on growth and calcium and phosphorus metabolism of broiler chicks



Poultry Science 72(2): 306-309



The interaction of dietary aluminum (as aluminum sulfate) and vitamin D on growth performance and calcium and phosphorus metabolism was investigated using male broiler chicks. A corn-soybean broiler starter diet, containing .88% Ca and .45% available P and without added cholecalciferol (vitamin D-3), was fed with 0 or .2% Al and with 0, 100, or 200 ICU of vitamin D-3/kg of diet in a complete factorial arrangement. Four replicate cages of 10 chicks, 1 day of age, were assigned to each dietary treatment. Average body weight gain (328 versus 545 g), feed intake (611 versus 784 g), gain:feed (.54 versus .68), and plasma inorganic P (4.2 versus 6.7 mg/dL) were significantly reduced (P lt .05) in chicks fed diets with .2% Al, compared with those fed 0% Al. These four variables were improved by increasing the level of vitamin D-3 in the diet from 0 to 100 ICU/kg. However, further improvements were not obtained by elevating the vitamin D-3 level to 200 ICU/kg. There were significant interactions of Al and vitamin D-3 on gain, feed intake, and gain:feed, but not on plasma P. Gain and feed intake were significantly decreased by Al at each level of vitamin D-3. Plasma total Ca was significantly increased by vitamin D-3, but was unaffected by Al. Increasing the level of dietary vitamin D-3 did not completely alleviate the negative effects of Al.

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Accession: 008528607

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8382816

DOI: 10.3382/ps.0720306


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