Effect of nitrogen levels and Rhizobium strains on symbiotic nitrogen fixation and grain yield of Phaseolus vulgaris L. genotypes in normal and saline-sodic soils
Biology and Fertility of Soils 14(4): 293-299
ISSN/ISBN: 0178-2762 Accession: 008540214
Following screening, selection, characterization, and symbiotic N-2 fixation with 12.5, 25.0 and 40.0 mg N kg-1 in normal and saline-sodic soils, only two Phaseolus vulgaris genotypes (HUR 137 and VL 63) and two Rhizobium spp. strains (ND 1 and ND 2) produced maximum nodulation, nitrogenase activity, plant N contents, and grain yields in saline-sodic soil, with 12.5 mg N kg-1, compared with the other strains. However, interactions between strains (USDA 2689, USDA 2674, and ND 5) and genotypes (PDR 14, HUR 15, and HUR 138) were significant and resulted in more nodulation, and greater plant N contents, nitrogenase activity, and grain yields in normal soils with 12.5 mg N kg-1 compared with salt-tolerant strains. Higher levels of N inhibited nodulation and nitrogenase activity without affecting grain yields. To achieve high crop yields from saline-sodic and normal soils in the plains area, simultaneous selection of favourably interacting symbiont is necessary for N economy, so that bean yields can be increased by the application of an active symbiotic system.