Section 9

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 8,566


Beyer, T.; Brachmann, J.; Kübler, W. 1994: Effects of dihydropyridine calcium-antagonists on intracellular action potentials of rabbit sinus node, atrium and atrioventricular node. Comparison of felodipine with nifedipine. Arzneimittel-Forschung 44(6): 707-711
Tison, P.; Ulicna, L.; Jakubovska, Z.; Oravcova, J.; Fetkovska, N. 1994: Effects of dihydropyridines and their combination with aspirin on blood pressure and circadian platelet activity in patients with essential hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension 7(7 Pt 2): 46S-49S
Brochu, M.; Picard, S.; Jodoin, S.; St-Louis, J. 1997: Effects of dihydropyridines on aldosterone secretion in adrenal capsule preparations from pregnant rats. American Journal of Physiology 272(1 Pt 1): E18-E24
Kuriyama, Y.; Hashimoto, H.; Nagatsuka, K.; Sawada, T.; Omae, T. 1993: Effects of dihydropyridines on cerebral blood vessels. Journal of Hypertension. Supplement: Official Journal of the International Society of Hypertension 11(6): S9-12
Coxam, V.; Bowman, B.M.; Mecham, M.; Roth, C.M.; Miller, M.A.; Miller, S.C. 1996: Effects of dihydrotestosterone alone and combined with estrogen on bone mineral density, bone growth, and formation rates in ovariectomized rats. Bone 19(2): 107-114
Mason, R.A.; Morris, H.A. 1997: Effects of dihydrotestosterone on bone biochemical markers in sham and oophorectomized rats. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 12(9): 1431-1437
Ozaki, Y.; Jinnai, Y.; Yatomi, Y.; Tawata, M.; Onaya, T.; Kume, S. 1993: Effects of dilazep on platelet functions and volume change in patients with diabetes mellitus. Arzneimittel-Forschung 43(5): 536-539
Walley, T.; Tsao, Y.; Scott, A.; Mackay, E.; Vandenburg, M.; Breckenridge, A. 1993: Effects of dilevalol (R,R-labetalol) compared with nifedipine on heart rate, blood pressure and muscle blood flow at rest and on exercise in hypertensive patients. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 35(6): 623-628
Jang, M.J.; Cho, I.Y.; Lee, S.K. 1996: Effects of dill pickling process, H-2O-2 and storage duration on lipoxygenase, peroxidase and catalase activities in cucumber and brine. Agricultural Chemistry and Biotechnology 39(3): 222-226
Ohashi, K.; Sakamoto, K.; Sudo, T.; Tateishi, T.; Fujimura, A.; Shiga, T.; Ebihara, A. 1993: Effects of diltiazem and cimetidine on theophylline oxidative metabolism. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 33(12): 1233-1237
Hagerty, M.; Panesar, M.; Wadsworth, R.; Kane, K. 1995: Effects of diltiazem and its analogue siratiazem on contraction and 45Ca2+ uptake in sheep coronary artery rings. General Pharmacology 26(6): 1349-1354
Mitani, A.; Kinoshita, K.; Fukamachi, K.; Sakamoto, M.; Kurisu, K.; Fukumura, F.; Tsuruhara, Y.; Nakashima, A.; Tokunaga, K. 1992: Effects of diltiazem and noradrenaline on extracellular potassium changes in the globally ischaemic rat heart. Cardiovascular Research 26(11): 1040-1045
Dehpour, A.R.; Samadian, T.; Akhavan, M.M.; Meysamee, F.; Delfan, A. 1995: Effects of diltiazem and verapamil on ADP-induced rabbit platelet shape change and aggregation. General Pharmacology 26(6): 1295-1299
Kimura, H.; Kitahata, H.; Abe, T.; Kawahito, S.; Kohyama, A.; Saito, T. 1994: Effects of diltiazem hydrochloride on blood gases. Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 43(6): 889-893
Watson, W.P.; Little, H.J. 1994: Effects of diltiazem in convulsive states differ from those previously reported for dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists. Psychopharmacology 114(2): 321-328
Parhate, S.M.; Shembekar, A.G.; Jagtap, M.K. 1995: Effects of diltiazem on calcium ion translocation: a study on isolated frog rectus abdominis muscle. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 39(1): 83-85
Kramer, R.E. 1993: Effects of diltiazem on calcium metabolism in cultured bovine glomerulosa cells: relationships to the actions of angiotensin II and potassium. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(1): 374-384
Fujiki, A.; Mizumaki, K.; Tani, M. 1993: Effects of diltiazem on concealed atrioventricular nodal conduction in relation to ventricular response during atrial fibrillation in anesthetized dogs. American Heart Journal 125(5 Pt 1): 1284-1289
Betocchi, S.; Piscione, F.; Losi M, A.; Pace, L.; Boccalatte, M.; Perrone-Filardi, P.; Cappelli-Bigazzi; Briguori, C.; Manganelli, F.; Ciampi, Q.; Salvatore, M.; Chiariello, M. 1996: Effects of diltiazem on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Cardiology 78(4): 451-457
Branca, D.; Vincenti, E.; Roberti, M.S.; Gambaretto, G.; Scutari, G. 1993: Effects of diltiazem on liver mitochondria of rats: A reconsideration. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology 104(1): 47-49
Lortholary, O.; Blanchet, F.; Nochy, D.; Heudes, D.; Seta, N.; Amirault, P.; Carbon, C. 1993: Effects of diltiazem on netilmicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rabbits. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 37(9): 1790-1798
Seitelberger, R.; Hannes, W.; Gleichauf, M.; Keilich, M.; Christoph, M.; Fasol, R. 1994: Effects of diltiazem on perioperative ischemia, arrhythmias, and myocardial function in patients undergoing elective coronary bypass grafting. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 107(3): 811-821
Branca, D.; Roberti, M.S.; Venudo, A.; Arsie, P.; Simonato, B.; Scutari, G. 1993: Effects of diltiazem on the calcium accumulation and ATP synthesis simultaneously sustained by isolated rat heart mitochondria. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology 105(1): 43-47
Lankford, S.M.; Maskasame, C.; Bai, S.A. 1994: Effects of diltiazem on the disposition and metabolism of the enantiomers of propranolol in the dog during multiple oral dosing. Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 22(5): 776-787
Ishchenko, M.M.; Hara, I.I. 1995: Effects of diltiazem on the systemic and cerebral hemodynamics and rheologic properties of blood in patients with ischemic insult against the background of atherosclerotic lesions of magistral arteries. Likars'ka Sprava 1995(9-12): 127-131
Curtis, B.A. 1994: Effects of diltiazem upon a rapidly exchanging calcium compartment related to repriming in frog skeletal muscle. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility 15(1): 49-58
Amar, D.; Roistacher, N.; Burt, M.E.; Rusch, V.W.; Bains, M.S.; Leung, D.H.; Downey, R.J.; Ginsberg, R.J. 1997: Effects of diltiazem versus digoxin on dysrhythmias and cardiac function after pneumonectomy. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 63(5): 1374-81; discussion 1381-2
Tokuyama, S.; Ho, I.K. 1996: Effects of diltiazem, a Ca2+ channel blocker, on naloxone-precipitated changes in dopamine and its metabolites in the brains of opioid-dependent rats. Psychopharmacology 125(2): 135-140
Papademetriou, V.; Narayan, P.; Kokkinos, P. 1994: Effects of diltiazem, metoprolol, enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide on frequency of ventricular premature complexes. American Journal of Cardiology 73(4): 242-246
Christiaens, F.; Verborgh, C.; Dierick, A.; Camu, F. 1998: Effects of diluent volume of a single dose of epidural bupivacaine in parturients during the first stage of labor. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 23(2): 134-141
Cronjé, H.S.; Divall, P.; Bam, R.H.; Cooreman, B.F.; Niemand, I. 1997: Effects of dilute acetic acid on the cervical smear. Acta Cytologica 41(4): 1091-1094
Carrasco, J.E.; Saiz, M.C.; Navarro, A.; Soriano, P.; Saez, F.; Martinez, J.M. 1994: Effects of dilute acid and steam explosion pretreatments on the cellulose structure and kinetics of cellulosic fraction hydrolysis by dilute acids in lignocellulosic materials. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 45-46: 23-34
Kakuta, I.; Ishii, K.; Murachi, S. 1994: Effects of diluted sewage on biochemical parameters of carp, Cyprinus carpio. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology 107(2): 289-294
Weimer, P.J. 1993: Effects of dilution rate and pH on the ruminal cellulolytic bacterium Fibrobacter succinogenes S85 in cellulose-fed continuous culture. Archives of Microbiology 160(4): 288-294
Yan, X.M.; Li, L.; Liang, Y.Y.; Tao, Z.Q.; Xu, X.H.; Chen, Z.J.; Zhang, J.S. 1993: Effects of dimercaptosuccinic acid per os on copper excretion in rat. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 14(Suppl): S34-S37
Englisch, W.; Rehn, D.; Schaffler, K.; Wauschkuhn, C.H. 1996: Effects of dimethindene maleate on psychomotor performance in the oculodynamic test compared with placebo and loratadine. Arzneimittel-Forschung 46(9): 887-890
Pradhan, P.K.; Dasgupta, S. 1993: Effects of dimethoate on ascorbic acid in some metabolically active tissues of male toad, Bufo melanostictus. Geobios (Jodhpur) 20(2): 57-60
Koike, A.; Akita, T.; Katoh, S.; Abe, T.; Hotta, Y.; Takeya, K.; Kodama, I.; Toyama, J. 1994: Effects of dimethyl amiloride on ionic and metabolic alterations of isolated rabbit hearts under ischemia-reperfusion in the absence of preischemic cardioplegia. Environmental Medicine 38(2): 151-154
Tam, S.P.; Zhang, X.; Cuthbert, C.; Wang, Z.; Ellis, T. 1997: Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide on apolipoprotein A-I in the human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. Journal of Lipid Research 38(10): 2090-2102
Moore, R.M.; Muir, W.W.; Bertone, A.L.; Beard, W.L.; Stromberg, P.C. 1995: Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide, allopurinol, 21-aminosteroid U-74389G, and manganese chloride on low-flow ischemia and reperfusion of the large colon in horses. American Journal of Veterinary Research 56(5): 671-687
Huang, P.; Dong, A.; Caughey, W.S. 1995: Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide, glycerol, and ethylene glycol on secondary structures of cytochrome c and lysozyme as observed by infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 84(4): 387-392
Le Tallec, N.; Lacroix, P.; de Certaines, J.D.; Chagneau, F.; Levasseur, R.; Le Rumeur, E. 1996: Effects of dimethylformamide on in vivo fatigue and metabolism in rat skeletal muscle measured by 31P-NMR. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 35(3): 139-143
Yamada, K.; Shimizu, A.; Ohta, A. 1993: Effects of dimethylpyrazine isomers on reproductive and accessory reproductive organs in male rats. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 16(2): 203-206
Lundgren, J.; Smith, M.L.; Siesjö, B.K. 1992: Effects of dimethylthiourea on ischemic brain damage in hyperglycemic rats. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 113(2): 187-197
Pahlmark, K.; Folbergrová, J.; Smith, M.L.; Siesjö, B.K. 1993: Effects of dimethylthiourea on selective neuronal vulnerability in forebrain ischemia in rats. Stroke 24(5): 731
Dijkstra, S.; Lohrmann, E.; Van Kerkhove, E.; Steels, P.; Greger, R. 1994: Effects of dinitrophenol on active-transport processes and cell membranes in the Malpighian tubule of Formica. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 428(2): 150-156
Triebig, G.; Werle, E.; Päpke, O.; Heim, G.; Broding, C.; Ludwig, H. 1998: Effects of dioxins and furans on liver enzymes, lipid parameters, and thyroid hormones in former thermal metal recycling workers. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(Suppl): 697-700
Koopman-Esseboom, C.; Morse, D.C.; Weisglas-Kuperus, N.; Lutkeschipholt, I.J.; Van der Paauw, C.G.; Tuinstra, L.G.; Brouwer, A.; Sauer, P.J. 1994: Effects of dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls on thyroid hormone status of pregnant women and their infants. Pediatric Research 36(4): 468-473
Goldberg, E.M.; Zidovetzki, R. 1997: Effects of dipalmitoylglycerol and fatty acids on membrane structure and protein kinase C activity. Biophysical Journal 73(5): 2603-2614
Kamino, K.; Mohr, U. 1992: Effects of dipentylnitrosamine (DPNA) on the respiratory tract of rats. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie 44(5): 217-221
Köhidai, L.; Soós, P.; Csaba, G. 1997: Effects of dipeptides containing the amino acid, proline on the chemotaxis of Tetrahymena pyriformis. Evolutionary conclusions on the formation of hormone receptors and hormones. Cell Biology International 21(6): 341-345
Wang, Y.L.; He, R.R. 1996: Effects of dipfluzine on cortical somatosensory evoked potentials and amino acid contents in ischemic rat brain. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 17(1): 41-44
Hopfenbeck, J.R.; Cowley, D.S.; Radant, A.; Greenblatt, D.J.; Roy-Byrne, P.P. 1995: Effects of diphenhydramine on human eye movements. Psychopharmacology 118(3): 280-286
Kim, J.H.; Ahn, Y.K. 1995: Effects of diphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate on oral tolerance to ovalbumin in mice. Journal of Toxicological Sciences 20(4): 375-382
Kang, J. 1992: Effects of diprophylline on pulmonary hypertension in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Zhonghua Jie he He Hu Xi Za Zhi 15(3): 153-4 190
Bruserud, O.; Pawelec, G. 1993: Effects of dipyridamole and R-verapamil on in vitro proliferation of blast cells from patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia. Leukemia Research 17(6): 507-513
Skimming, J.W.; DeMarco, V.G.; Cassin, S. 1997: Effects of dipyridamole and adenosine infusions on ovine pulmonary and systemic circulations. American Journal of Physiology 272(2 Pt 2): H921-H926
Pouleur, H.; Buyse, M. 1995: Effects of dipyridamole in combination with anticoagulant therapy on survival and thromboembolic events in patients with prosthetic heart valves. A meta-analysis of the randomized trials. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 110(2): 463-472
Hegedüs, K.; Fekete, I.; Molnár, L. 1993: Effects of dipyridamole in spontaneously hypertensive rabbits with diffuse chronic cerebral ischemia. European Journal of Pharmacology 237(2-3): 293-298
Santos, M.T.; Vallés, J.; Aznar, J.; Yayá, R.; Perez-Requejo, J.L. 1993: Effects of dipyridamole, pentoxifylline or dipyridamole plus pentoxifylline on platelet reactivity in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular insufficiency. Thrombosis Research 72(3): 219-229
Ferrandon, P.; Barcelo, B.; Perche, J.C.; Schoffs, A.R. 1994: Effects of dipyridamole, soluflazine and related molecules on adenosine uptake and metabolism by isolated human red blood cells. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 8(5): 446-452
Melendez, A.L.; KepnerR.L.Jr.; Balczon, J.M.; Pratt, J.R. 1993: Effects of diquat on freshwater microbial communities. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 25(1): 95-101
Mazza, E.; Ghigo, E.; Boffano, G.; Valetto, M.; Maccario, M.; Arvat, E.; Bellone, J.; Procopio, M.; Müller, E.E.; Camanni, F. 1994: Effects of direct and indirect acetylcholine receptor agonists on growth hormone secretion in humans. European Journal of Pharmacology 254(1-2): 17-20
Jercinovic, A.; Hinsenkamp, M.; Scarceriaux, B.; Willaert, F.; De-Graef, C.; Heenen, M.; Goldshmidt, D. 1996: Effects of direct constant current (DC) on keratinocytes in vitro. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 39(2): 209-214
Li, K.; Xin, Y.; Gu, Y.; Xu, B.; Fan, D.; Ni, B. 1997: Effects of direct current on dog liver: Possible mechanisms for tumor electrochemical treatment. Bioelectromagnetics 18(1): 2-7
Chen, K.M.; Guan, Y.Y.; Sun, J.J. 1993: Effects of direct lytic factors from southern Chinese cobra venom on Ca2+ movement in rabbit aorta strip. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 14(6): 500-504
Saito, M.; Nakabayashi, T.; Iuchi, K.; Ishikawa, T.; Kaseno, K.; Yoshida, T.; Asakura, H.; Matsuda, T. 1993: Effects of direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty treatment of acute myocardial infarction on plasma levels of haemostatic and fibrinolytic factors. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 4(5): 801-804
Yates, N.A.; Mcdougall, J.G. 1993: Effects of direct renal arterial infusion of bufalin and ouabain in conscious sheep. British Journal of Pharmacology 108(3): 627-630
Grootaerd, H.L.essens, B.V.rstraete, W. 1997: Effects of directly soluble and fibrous rapidly acidifying chemical oxygen demand and reactor liquid surface tension on granulation and sludge-bed stability in upflow anaerobic sludge-blanket reactors. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 48(3): 304-310
Abdelghaffar, H.; Mtairag, E.M.; Labro, M.T. 1994: Effects of dirithromycin and erythromycylamine on human neutrophil degranulation. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 38(7): 1548-1554
Field, S.; Hoffman, A.; St Peter, S.; Sawilowsky, S. 1992: Effects of disability labels on teachers' perceptions of students' self-determination. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75(3 Part 1): 931-934
Chou, K.Y.; Els, W.J. 1997: Effects of disassembly of actin microfilaments on the AVP-induced regulation of sodium channel densities in frog skin epithelium. Biology of the Cell 89(4): 285-294
Lu, C.; Li, H.C.; Lee, L.Y.; Lin, M.R. 1997: Effects of disc rotational speed and submergence on the performance of an anaerobic rotating biological contactor. Environment International 23(2): 253-263
Dai, L.Y.; Tu, K.Y.; Xu, Y.K.; Zhang, W.M.; Cheng, P.L. 1992: Effects of discectomy on the stress distribution in the lumbar spine. Chinese Medical Journal 105(11): 944-948
Johnson, A.M.; Edwards, D.C.; Birch, N.J. 1996: Effects of discontinuation of chronic lithium administration on tissue lithium levels in rat. Journal of Trace and Microprobe Techniques 14(4): 813-822
Kendrick, A.M.; Duncan, J.S.; Trimble, M.R. 1993: Effects of discontinuation of individual antiepileptic drugs on mood. Human Psychopharmacology 8(4): 263-270
Boucher, C.A.; van Leeuwen, R.; Kellam, P.; Schipper, P.; Tijnagel, J.; Lange, J.M.; Larder, B.A. 1993: Effects of discontinuation of zidovudine treatment on zidovudine sensitivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 37(7): 1525-1530
Stubley-Weatherly, L.; Harding, J.W.; Wright, J.W. 1996: Effects of discrete kainic acid-induced hippocampal lesions on spatial and contextual learning and memory in rats. Brain Research 716(1-2): 29-38
Gaillet, S.; Alonso, G.; Le Borgne, R.; Barbanel, G.; Malaval, F.; Assenmacher, I.; Szafarczyk, A. 1993: Effects of discrete lesions in the ventral noradrenergic ascending bundle on the corticotropic stress response depend on the site of the lesion and on the plasma levels of adrenal steroids. Neuroendocrinology 58(4): 408-419
Lacourse, D.M.; Blough, D.S. 1998: Effects of discriminability, probability of reinforcement, and handling cost on visual search and prey choice. Animal Learning and Behavior 26(3): 290-298,.
Hori, K.; Tanaka, J.; Nomura, M. 1993: Effects of discrimination learning on the rat amygdala dopamine release: A microdialysis study. Brain Research 621(2): 296-300
Iwano, H.; Yamamuro, Y.; Hori, K.; Yamauchi, T.; Nomura, M. 1997: Effects of discrimination learning on the rat striatal dopaminergic activity: a microdialysis study. Neuroreport 8(5): 1095-1098
Pearce, J.M.; Adam, J.; Wilson, P.N.; Darby, R.J. 1992: Effects of discrimination training on responding during a compound conditioned stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes 18(4): 379-386
Martin, J.C.; Munro, R.; Campbell, M.K.; Reid, D.M. 1997: Effects of disease and corticosteroids on appendicular bone mass in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis: comparison with axial measurements. British Journal of Rheumatology 36(1): 43-49
Stetter, F.; Ackermann, K.; Bizer, A.; Straube, E.R.; Mann, K. 1995: Effects of disease-related cues in alcoholic inpatients: results of a controlled "Alcohol Stroop" study. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 19(3): 593-599
Goto, K.; Masuda, T.; Murayama, S.; Imai, C.; Konuma, H.; Shinagawa, K. 1996: Effects of disinfectants and spray washing on Salmonella enteritidis contamination on the shell surface of eggs. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan 37(4): 165-172
Hasegawa, T.; Tsuji, M.; Nakayama, S.; Oguchi, K. 1993: Effects of disinfectants on erythrocytes and isolated hepatocytes from rats and surface tension. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 101(5): 337-347
Blatchley, E.R.I.i; Hunt, B.A.; Duggirala, R.; Thompson, J.E.; Zhao, J.; Halaby, T.; Cowger, R.L.; Straub, C.M.; Alleman, J.E. 1997: Effects of disinfectants on wastewater effluent toxicity. Water Research 31(7): 1581-1588
Zhang Huan Xiang, W.Y.ng Chao; Chen, D.Y.an 1996: Effects of disodium norcantharidate on the first meiotic division of oocytes in mouse. Acta Zoologica Sinica 42(2): 205-211
Martin, D.K.; Nakaya, Y.; Wyse, K.R.; Campbell, T.J. 1994: Effects of disopyramide and flecainide on the kinetics of inward rectifier potassium channels in rabbit heart muscle. British Journal of Pharmacology 111(3): 873-879
Ishibashi, K.; Inoue, D.; Sakai, R.; Inoue, M.; Shirayama, T.; Asayama, J.; Nakagawa, M. 1995: Effects of disopyramide on the atrial fibrillation threshold in the human atrium. International Journal of Cardiology 52(2): 177-184
Jansen, V.A.A. 1995: Effects of dispersal in a tri-trophic metapopulation model. Journal of Mathematical Biology 34(2): 224
Singer; George; Lee; Jacobson; Weetman; Blondina; Tjeerdema; Aurand; Sowby 1998: Effects of dispersant treatment on the acute aquatic toxicity of petroleum hydrocarbons. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 34(2): 177-187
Siron, R.; Pelletier, E.; Roy, S. 1996: Effects of dispersed and adsorbed crude oil on microalgal and bacterial communities of cold seawater. Ecotoxicology 5(4): 229-251
Ridgway, M.S.; Shuter, B.J. 1996: Effects of displacement on the seasonal movements and home range characteristics of smallmouth bass in Lake Opeongo. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16(2): 371-377
Kacmarek, R.M.; Mang, H.; Barker, N.; Cycyk-Chapman, M.C. 1994: Effects of disposable or interchangeable positive end-expiratory pressure valves on work of breathing during the application of continuous positive airway pressure. Critical Care Medicine 22(8): 1219-1226
Andrews, J.S.; Jansen, J.H.; Linders, S.; Princen, A. 1994: Effects of disrupting the cholinergic system on short-term spatial memory in rats. Psychopharmacology 115(4): 485-494
Ploplis, V.A.; Carmeliet, P.; Vazirzadeh, S.; Van Vlaenderen, I.; Moons, L.; Plow, E.F.; Collen, D. 1995: Effects of disruption of the plasminogen gene on thrombosis, growth, and health in mice. Circulation 92(9): 2585-2593
Beiras, R.; His, E. 1995: Effects of dissolved mercury on embryogenesis, survival and growth of Mytilus galloprovincialis mussel larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 126(1-3): 185-189
Beiras, R.; His, E. 1994: Effects of dissolved mercury on embryogenesis, survival, growth and metamorphosis of Crassostrea gigas oyster larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 113(1-2): 95-103
Barkay, T.; Gillman, M.; Turner, R.R. 1997: Effects of dissolved organic carbon and salinity on bioavailability of mercury. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63(11): 4267-4271
Bhattacharya, S., K.; Dubey, A., K. 1997: Effects of dissolved oxygen and oxygen mass transfer in overexpression of target gene in recombinant E. coli. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 20(5): 355-360
Wang, J.; Hata, M.; Park, Y.S.; IIjima, S.; Kobayashi, T. 1994: Effects of dissolved oxygen concentration on anchorage-dependent animal cell growth and erythropoietin production. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 78(4): 321-326
Fukuda, Y.taka; Maita, Masashi; Satoh, Koh Ichi; Yamamoto, Hiroshi; Okamoto, Nobuaki; Ikeda, Yayoi 1997: Effects of dissolved oxygen concentration on experimental horizontal transmission of induced by artificial infection with Enterococcus seriolicida in yellowtail. Fish Pathology 32(1): 43-49
Heidemann, R.; Lütkemeyer, D.; Büntemeyer, H.; Lehmann, J. 1998: Effects of dissolved oxygen levels and the role of extra- and intracellular amino acid concentrations upon the metabolism of mammalian cell lines during batch and continuous cultures. Cytotechnology 26(3): 185-197
Chen, J.C.; Nan, F.H. 1994: Effects of dissolved oxygen on oxygen consumption and ammonia type fixed nitrogen excretion of Penaeus chinensis juveniles. Zoological Studies 33(1): 90-93
Cui, Y.Q.; Van Der Lans, R.G.J.M.; Luyben, K.C.A.M. 1998: Effects of dissolved oxygen tension and mechanical forces on fungal morphology in submerged fermentation. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 57(4): 409-419,. 20
Wang, Y.Y.; Chang, F.Y.; Lu, C.L.; Lee, S.D. 1998: Effects of distal gastrectomy on gastroesophageal motility in cancer patients. Current Therapeutic Research 59(2): 91-96
Mishra, Manindra Nath 1993: Effects of distension of duodenum on blood pressure, heart rate, amplitude and respiration of dog. Geobios (Jodhpur) 20(2): 104-107
de Burgh Daly, M.; Ward, J.; Wood, L.M. 1993: Effects of distension of the urinary bladder on the cardiovascular reflexes from the carotid baroreceptors in the dog. Journal of Physiology 463: 545-564
Akan, H.; Sargin, S.; Dalva, I.; Akman, Y.; Yazicioğlu, A.; Cetin, S. 1997: Effects of distilled water and mixture of sorbitol-mannitol irrigation fluids on fluid-electrolyte balance in patients undergoing transurethral prostatectomy. International Urology and Nephrology 29(5): 575-580
Alberty, A.; Peltonen, J.; Ritsilä, V. 1993: Effects of distraction and compression on proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes. A study in rabbits. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 64(4): 449-455
Naito, M.; Owen, J.H.; Bridwell, K.H.; Sugioka, Y. 1992: Effects of distraction on physiologic integrity of the spinal cord, spinal cord blood flow, and clinical status. Spine 17(10): 1154-1158
Ettema, G.J.; Huijing, P.A. 1994: Effects of distribution of muscle fiber length on active length-force characteristics of rat gastrocnemius medialis. Anatomical Record 239(4): 414-420
Schluter, A.R.; Miller, M.F.; Jones, D.K.; Meade, M.K.; Ramsey, C.B.; Patterson, L.L. 1994: Effects of distribution packaging method and storage time on the physical properties and retail display characteristics of pork. Meat Science 37(2): 257-269
Gleason, M.G. 1993: Effects of disturbance on coral communities: Bleaching in Moorea, French Polynesia. Coral Reefs 12(3-4): 193-201
Herrera, J. 1997: Effects of disturbance on the reproductive potential of Lavandula stoechas, a Mediterranean sclerophyllous shrub. Ecography 20(1): 88-95
Miller, A.C.; Payne, B.S. 1998: Effects of disturbances on large-river mussel assemblages. Regulated Rivers Research and Management 14(2): 179-190
Gilman, S.; Adams, K.M.; Johnson-Greene, D.; Koeppe, R.A.; Junck, L.; Kluin, K.J.; Martorello, S.; Heumann, M.; Hill, E. 1996: Effects of disulfiram on positron emission tomography and neuropsychological studies in severe chronic alcoholism. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 20(8): 1456-1461
Caroldi, S.; De Paris, P.; Zotti, S.; Zanella, I.; Brugnone, F. 1994: Effects of disulfiram on serum dopamine-beta-hydroxylase and blood carbon disulphide concentrations in alcoholics. Journal of Applied Toxicology: Jat 14(2): 77-80
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Phinney, J.T.; Bruland, K.W. 1997: Effects of dithiocarbamate and 8-hydroxyquinoline additions on algal uptake of ambient copper and nickel in South San Francisco Bay water. Estuaries 20(1): 66-76
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Ikeda, Y.; Matsumata, T.; Takenaka, K.; Yamagata, M.; Sugimachi, K. 1998: Effects of doxorubicin and/or cilostazol on cancer cells during liver regeneration after two-thirds hepatectomy in rats. Oncology 55(4): 354-356
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Hiramatsu, M.; Sasaki, M.; Nabeshima, T.; Kameyama, T. 1997: Effects of dynorphin a (1-13) on carbon monoxide-induced delayed amnesia in mice. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 56(1): 73-79
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Lecic-Tosevski, D.; Divac-Jovanovic, M. 1996: Effects of dysthymia on personality assessment. European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists 11(5): 244-248
Navarro, R. 1996: Effects of ear canal occlusion and masking on the perception of voice. Perceptual and Motor Skills 82(1): 199-208
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Kettunen, R.V.; Vuolteenaho, O.; Ukkola, O.; Lilja, M.; Jounela, A.; Kesäniemi, Y.A.; Leppäluoto, J.; Heikkilä, J. 1994: Effects of early administration of enalapril on radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction and plasma N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide after acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology 73(12): 865-867
Banker, H.; Lickliter, R. 1993: Effects of early and delayed visual experience on intersensory development in bobwhite quail chicks. Developmental Psychobiology 26(3): 155-170
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Chemla, D.; Scalbert, E.; Desché, P.; Lerebours, G.; Suard, I.; Lecarpentier, Y. 1994: Effects of early and late therapy with perindopril on survival and myocardial inotropic state in experimental dilated cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 24(1): 151-157
Jabs, D.A.; Kuppers, R.C.; Saboori, A.M.; Burek, C.L.; Enger, C.; Lee, B.; Prendergast, R.A. 1994: Effects of early and late treatment with anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody on autoimmune disease in MRL/MP-lpr/lpr mice. Cellular Immunology 154(1): 66-76
Zhang, L.; Edwards, D.G.; Berecek, K.H. 1996: Effects of early captopril treatment and its removal on plasma angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity and arginine vasopressin in hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive rats (WKY). Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 18(2): 201-226
Ghelarducci, B.; Salamone, D.; Simoni, A.; Sebastiani, L. 1996: Effects of early cerebellar removal on the classically conditioned bradycardia of adult rabbits. Experimental Brain Research 111(3): 417-423
Schroeder, H.; Collignon, A.; Uttscheid, L.; Pereira de Vasconcelos, A.; Nehlig, A. 1994: Effects of early chronic diazepam treatment on incorporation of glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate into cerebral amino acids: relation to undernutrition. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 12(5): 471-484
Hurme, T.; Rantanen, J.; Kalimo, H. 1993: Effects of early cryotherapy in experimental skeletal muscle injury. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 3(1): 46-51
Kimonis, V.E.; Troendle, J.; Rose, S.R.; Yang, M.L.; Markello, T.C.; Gahl, W.A. 1995: Effects of early cysteamine therapy on thyroid function and growth in nephropathic cystinosis. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 80(11): 3257-3261
Parks, T.N. 1997: Effects of early deafness on development of brain stem auditory neurons. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology. Supplement 168: 37-43
Ladwig, K.H.; Schoefinius, A.; Danner, R.; Gürtler, R.; Herman, R.; Koeppel, A.; Hauber, P. 1997: Effects of early defibrillation by ambulance personnel on short- and long-term outcome of cardiac arrest survival: the Munich experiment. Chest 112(6): 1584-1591
Durand, M.; Sardesai, S.; McEvoy, C. 1995: Effects of early dexamethasone therapy on pulmonary mechanics and chronic lung disease in very low birth weight infants: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 95(4): 584-590
Greenstein, V.C.; Thomas, S.R.; Blaustein, H.; Koenig, K.; Carr, R.E. 1993: Effects of early diabetic retinopathy on rod system sensitivity. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry 70(1): 18-23
Boman, L.; Björvell, H.; Cedermark, B.; Theve, N.O.; Wilking, N. 1993: Effects of early discharge from hospital after surgery for primary breast cancer. European Journal of Surgery 159(2): 67-73
Sasaki, Y.; Cheng, H.; Smith, E.L.; Chino, Y. 1998: Effects of early discordant binocular vision on the postnatal development of parvocellular neurons in the monkey lateral geniculate nucleus. Experimental Brain Research 118(3): 341-351
Brush, G.; Harrison, G.A.; Waterlow, J.C. 1997: Effects of early disease on later growth, and early growth on later disease, in Khartoum infants. Annals of Human Biology 24(3): 187-195
Parker, D.A.; Levin, B.M.; Harford, T.C. 1996: Effects of early drinking and an antisocial orientation on the alcohol use of young Russians. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 20(7): 1179-1183
Pezzilli, R.; Billi, P.; Barakat, B.; Baroncini, D.; D'Imperio, N.; Miglio, F. 1998: Effects of early ductal decompression in human biliary acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 16(2): 165-168
Fleming, I.A.; Lamberg, A.; Jonsson, B. 1997: Effects of early experience on the reproductive performance of Atlantic salmon. Behavioral Ecology 8(5): 470-480
Sandnabba, N.Kenneth 1993: Effects of early exposure to intermale aggression on the aggressiveness of adult male mice varying in their genetic disposition for aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior. : 435-445
Sandnabba, N.K.; Korpela, S.R. 1994: Effects of early exposure to mating on adult sexual behavior in male mice varying in their genetic disposition for aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior 20(6): 429-439
Ramlah, A.H.; Halim, A.S.; Siti Sara, A.R. 1996: Effects of early feed restriction of the performance of broilers. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 9(1): 63-67
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Herrera, E.; Cardenas, M.; Melendez, G. 1994: Effects of early harvesting on pecan moisture content, weight loss, and kernel percent. Phyton (Buenos Aires) 55(1): 89-96
Yaseen, H.; al Umran, K.; Ali, H.; Rustum, M.; Darwich, M.; al-Faraidy, A. 1997: Effects of early indomethacin administration on oxygenation and surfactant requirement in low birth weight infants. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 43(1): 42-46
Moriya, T.; Ohno, S.; Tanaka, K.; Fujii, Y.; Yajima, Y. 1996: Effects of early insulin treatment on ultrastructural changes of glomeruli in diabetic rats revealed by the quick-freezing and deep-etching method. Diabetologia 39(6): 632-640
Kayashima, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; Konno, Y.; Nanimatsu, H.; Aragaki, S.; Shichiri, M. 1995: Effects of early introduction of intensive insulin therapy on the clinical course in non-obese NIDDM patients. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 28(2): 119-125
Chavez, A.; Martinez, C.; Soberanes, B. 1995: Effects of early malnutrition on late mental and behavioral performance. Developmental Brain Dysfunction 8(2-3): 90-102
Johnson, E.O.; Kamilaris, T.C.; Calogero, A.E.; Gold, P.W.; Chrousos, G.P. 1996: Effects of early parenting on growth and development in a small primate. Pediatric Research 39(6): 999-1005
Kind, P.C.; Beaver, C.J.; Mitchell, D.E. 1995: Effects of early periods of monocular deprivation and reverse lid suture on the development of Cat-301 immunoreactivity in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) of the cat. Journal of Comparative Neurology 359(4): 523-536
Boutcher, P.A.; Gaffney, P.J.; Raut, S.; O'regan, R.G.; Mcloughlin, P. 1996: Effects of early plasmin digests of fibrinogen on isometric tension development in isolated rings of rat pulmonary artery. Thrombosis Research 81(2): 231-239
Nonaka, H.; Ichitani, Y.; Iwasaki, T. 1998: Effects of early postnatal AF64A treatment on passive avoidance response and radial maze learning in rats. Nihon Shinkei Seishin Yakurigaku Zasshi 18(2): 39-44
Buwalda, B.; Nyakas, C.; Vosselman, H.J.; Luiten, P.G. 1995: Effects of early postnatal anoxia on adult learning and emotion in rats. Behavioural Brain Research 67(1): 85-90
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Trautman, P.D.; Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F.; Postelnek, J.; New, M.I. 1995: Effects of early prenatal dexamethasone on the cognitive and behavioral development of young children: Results of a pilot study. Psychoneuroendocrinology 20(4): 439-449
Santucci, L.B.; Daud, M.M.; Almeida, S.S.; de Oliveira, L.M. 1994: Effects of early protein malnutrition and environmental stimulation upon the reactivity to diazepam in two animal models of anxiety. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 49(2): 393-398
Lubach, G.R.; Coe, C.L.; Ershler, W.B. 1995: Effects of early rearing environment on immune responses of infant rhesus monkeys. Brain Behavior and Immunity 9(1): 31-46
Salonius, K.; Iwama, G., K. 1993: Effects of early rearing environment on stress response, immune function, and disease resistance in juvenile coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(4): 759-766
Alados, C., L.; Barroso, F., G.; Aguirre, A.; Escos, J. 1996: Effects of early season defoliation of Anthyllis cytisoides (a Mediterranean browse species) on further herbivore attack. Journal of Arid Environments 34(4): 455-463
Santoso, U.; Tanaka, K.; Ohtani, S. 1993: Effects of early skip day feeding on growth performance and body composition in broilers. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 6(3): 451-461
Erasmus, M.E.; Hofstede, G.J.; Petersen, A.H.; Haagsman, H.P.; Oetomo, S.B.; Prop, J. 1997: Effects of early surfactant treatment persisting for one week after lung transplantation in rats. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 156(2 Part 1): 567-572
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Galcera-Tomas, J.; Nuño de la Rosa, J.A.; Torres-Martinez, G.; Rodriguez-Garcia, P.; Castillo-Soria, F.J.; Canton-Martinez, A.; Campos-Peris, J.V.; Pico-Aracil, F.; Ruiz-Ros, J.A.; Ruiperez-Abizanda, J.A. 1993: Effects of early use of captopril on haemodynamics and short-term ventricular remodelling in acute anterior myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal 14(2): 259-266
Fahlke, C.; Hård, E.; Eriksson, C.J. 1997: Effects of early weaning and social isolation on subsequent alcohol intake in rats. Alcohol 14(2): 175-180
Kiorpes, L.; Walton, P.J.; O'Keefe, L.P.; Movshon, J.A.; Lisberger, S.G. 1996: Effects of early-onset artificial strabismus on pursuit eye movements and on neuronal responses in area MT of macaque monkeys. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(20): 6537-6553
Byrne, D.; Noble, W.; Glauerdt, B. 1996: Effects of earmold type on ability to locate sounds when wearing hearing aids. Ear and Hearing 17(3): 218-228
Sudo, A.; Nguyen, A.L.; Jonai, H.; Matsuda, S.; Villanueva, M.B.; Sotoyama, M.; Nguyen, T.C.; Le, V.T.; Hoang, M.H.; Nguyen, D.T.; Nguyen, S. 1996: Effects of earplugs on catecholamine and cortisol excretion in noise-exposed textile workers. Industrial Health 34(3): 279-286
A.Y.usuf, S.; Shoreit, A. 1992: Effects of earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa on some factors in different soil cultures. Zoologischer Anzeiger 228(5-6): 201-211
Konturek, S.J.; Kwiecien, N.; Sito, E.; Obtulowicz, W.; Kaminski, K.; Oleksy, J. 1993: Effects of ebrotidine on aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage and blood flow in humans. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 28(12): 1047-1050
Noguchi, N.; Gotoh, N.; Niki, E. 1994: Effects of ebselen and probucol on oxidative modifications of lipid and protein of low density lipoprotein induced by free radicals. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1213(2): 176-182
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Li, Q.; Ren, Q.; Zhang, Y.L. 1994: Effects of ecological environment, collecting stages and storage time on chlorogenic acid content of Lonicera ferdinandii Franch. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 19(10): 594
Sil'chenko, G.F.; Popov, A.A. 1992: Effects of ecological factors on ligulosis spreading in bream Abramis brama of Kuibyshev water reservoir. Ekologiya (Moscow) 1992(6): 51-56
Diderichsen, F.; Janlert, U. 1992: Effects of economic change on male morbidity in neighbouring industrial and rural municipalities in northern Sweden. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 46(6): 605-607
Wang, H.; Dechant, E.; Kavanaugh, M.; North, R.A.; Kabat, D. 1992: Effects of ecotropic murine retroviruses on the dual-function cell surface receptor/basic amino acid transporter. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(33): 23617-23624
Branzanti, M.B.; Rocca, E.; Zambonelli, A. 1994: Effects of ectomycorrhizal fungi on Phytophthora cambivora and Phytophthora cinnamomi. Micologia Italiana 23(1): 47-52
Alves, Maria Alice Santos 1997: Effects of ectoparasites on the Sand Martin Riparia riparia nestlings. Ibis 139(3): 494-496
Chen, J.; Willingham, T.; Shuford, M.; Bruce, D.; Rushing, E.; Smith, Y.; Nisen, P.D. 1996: Effects of ectopic overexpression of p21(WAF1/CIP1) on aneuploidy and the malignant phenotype of human brain tumor cells. Oncogene 13(7): 1395-1403
Watanabe, S. 1996: Effects of ectostriatal lesions on discriminations of conspecific, species and familiar objects in pigeons. Behavioural Brain Research 81(1-2): 183-188
Wagner, E.M. 1997: Effects of edema on small airway narrowing. Journal of Applied Physiology 83(3): 784-791
Hawrot, R.Y.; Niemi, G.J. 1996: Effects of edge type and patch shape on avian communities in a mixed conifer-hardwood forest. Auk 113(3): 586-598
Kuda, T.; Goto, H.; Yokoyama, M.; Fujii, T. 1997: Effects of edible marine algae on cecal microflora and levels of serum lipid in rats. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 63(6): 928-933
Barton, J.J.; Huaman, A.G.; Sharpe, J.A. 1994: Effects of edrophonium on saccadic velocity in normal subjects and myasthenic and nonmyasthenic ocular palsies. Annals of Neurology 36(4): 585-594
Uesaka, T.; Yano, K.; Sugimoto, S.; Ando, M. 1996: Effects of eel neuropeptide y on ion transport across the seawater eel intestine. Zoological Science 13(3): 341-346
Worcester, S.E. 1995: Effects of eelgrass beds on advection and turbulent mixing in low current and low shoot density environments. Marine Ecology Progress Series 126(1-3): 223-232
Ueda, H.; Nakata, S.; Hoshino, M. 1998: Effects of effusion in the middle ear and perforation of the tympanic membrane on otoacoustic emissions in guinea pigs. Hearing Research 122(1-2): 41-46
Yotsumoto, T.; Masuda, Y.; Shudo, C.; Sugita, H.; Yamashita, T.; Tanaka, S. 1995: Effects of efonidipine hydrochloride (NZ-105), a calcium antagonist, on renal function in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats. General Pharmacology 26(2): 333-337
Shudo, C.; Masuda, Y.; Sugita, H.; Tanaka, S.; Tomita, K. 1994: Effects of efonidipine hydrochloride (NZ-105), a new calcium antagonist, against acute renal failure in rats. General Pharmacology 25(7): 1451-1458
Kitahara, M.; Toyoda, K.; Yamashita, T.; Sakashita, M.; Tanaka, S.; Saito, Y. 1995: Effects of efonidipine hydrochloride on cholesterol esterification mediated by beta-very low density lipoprotein in J774 macrophages. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 69(2): 101-109
Yokoyama, T.; Fujikura, N.; Masuda, Y.; Shikada, K.; Tanaka, S. 1996: Effects of efonidipine hydrochloride, a calcium antagonist derived from dihydropyridine, on acute myocardial ischemia in anesthetized open-chest dogs. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 108(6): 307-321
Shudo, C.; Masuda, Y.; Sugita, H.; Tamura, T.; Furukawa, S.; Hayashi, K.; Hirata, H.; Shikada, K.; Tanaka, S.; Tomita, K. 1996: Effects of efonidipine, nicardipine and captopril on proteinuria in aged spontaneously hypertensive rats. Arzneimittel-Forschung 46(9): 852-854
Tan Jing He, Zhou Qi; Yang Chan Yun; He Gui Xin; Sun Xing Shen; Chu Zhen Hui; Qin Peng Chun 1995: Effects of egg age and pulse duration on electrical activation of mouse oocytes. Acta Zoologica Sinica 41(3): 327-331
Harboe, T.; Huse, I.; Oie, G. 1994: Effects of egg disinfection on yolk sac and first feeding stages of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) larvae. Aquaculture 119(2-3): 157-165
Prokopy, R.J.; Roitberg, B.D.; Vargas, R.I. 1994: Effects of egg load on finding and acceptance of host fruit in Ceratitis capitata flies. Physiological Entomology 19(2): 124-132
Wood, P.B.; Collopy, M.W. 1993: Effects of egg removal on bald eagle productivity in northern Florida. Journal of Wildlife Management 57(1): 1-9
Amundsen, T.; Lorentsen, S.-Hakon; Tveraa, T. 1996: Effects of egg size and parental quality on early nestling growth: An experiment with the Antarctic petrel. Journal of Animal Ecology 65(5): 545-555
Emlet, R., B.; Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 1997: Effects of egg size on postlarval performance: Experimental evidence from a sea urchin. Evolution 51(1): 141-152
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Liu, H.L.; Lu, H.M.; Li, D.G.; Qi, F.; Jiang, Z.M. 1996: Effects of egtazic acid and calcimycin on synthesis of DNA and collagen in cultured human lung fibroblasts. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 17(1): 63-65
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Earashi, M.; Noguchi, M.; Kinoshita, K.; Tanaka, M. 1995: Effects of eicosanoid synthesis inhibitors on the in vitro growth and prostaglandin E and leukotriene B secretion of a human breast cancer cell line. Oncology 52(2): 150-155
Matsuzaki, Y.; Sugimoto, H.; Hamana, K.; Nagamine, T.; Matsuzaki, S.; Mori, M. 1997: Effects of eicosanoids on lipopolysaccharide-induced ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine metabolism in the mouse liver. Journal of Hepatology 27(1): 193-200
Hutchinson, S.M.; Hammond, T.G.; Coleman, R.; Horton, A.A. 1997: Effects of eicosanoids on parameters in isolated rat hepatocytes and isolated rat hepatocyte couplets: Protective effects of eicosanoid receptor antagonists. Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling 15(3): 249-254
Nishikawa, M.; Hishinuma, T.; Nagata, K.; Koseki, Y.; Suzuki, K.; Mizugaki, M. 1997: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on prostacyclin production in diabetics: GC/MS analysis of PGI2 and PGI3 levels. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology 19(6): 429-433
Schjøtt, J.; Brurok, H.; Jynge, P.; Bjerve, K.S. 1996: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid diet supplement on tolerance to the cardiotoxicity of epirubicin and to ischaemia reperfusion in the isolated rat heart. Pharmacology and Toxicology 79(2): 65-72
Kurihara, T.; Akimoto, M.; Tsuchiya, M.; Hashimoto, H.; Ishiguro, H.; Niimi, A.; Maeda, A.; Shigemoto, M.; Yamashita, K.; Yokoyama, I.; Kashima, S.; Kikuchi, Y. 1997: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid on blood rheology in rats with fatty liver. Current Therapeutic Research 58(8): 525-532
Zhang, K.J.; Tamura, Y. 1993: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid on natural killer cell activity in rat spleen and its mechanism. Zhongguo Yaolixue Yu Dulixue Zazhi 7(3): 186-189
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Mengeaud, V.; Nano, J.L.; Fournel, S.; Rampal, P. 1992: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid, gamma-linolenic acid and prostaglandin E1 on three human colon carcinoma cell lines. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 47(4): 313-319
Nakamura, N.; Hamazaki, T.; Kobayashi, M.; Ohta, M.; Okuda, K. 1998: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acids on remnant-like particles, cholesterol concentrations and plasma fatty acid composition in patients with diabetes mellitus. In Vivo 12(3): 311-314
Noguchi, M.; Earashi, M.; Minami, M.; Kinoshita, K.; Miyazaki, I. 1995: Effects of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid on cell growth and prostaglandin E and leukotriene B production by a human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231). Oncology 52(6): 458-464
Mancuso, P.; Whelan, J.; DeMichele, S.J.; Snider, C.C.; Guszcza, J.A.; Claycombe, K.J.; Smith, G.T.; Gregory, T.J.; Karlstad, M.D. 1997: Effects of eicosapentaenoic and gamma-linolenic acid on lung permeability and alveolar macrophage eicosanoid synthesis in endotoxic rats. Critical Care Medicine 25(3): 523-532
Nickle, W.R.; Shapiro, M. 1994: Effects of Eight Brighteners as Solar Radiation Protectants for Steinernema carpocapsae, All Strain. Journal of Nematology 26(4 Suppl): 782-784
Mericq, V.; Cassorla, F.; Salazar, T.; Avila, A.; Iñiguez, G.; Bowers, C.Y.; Merriam, G.R. 1998: Effects of eight months treatment with graded doses of a growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide in GH-deficient children. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83(7): 2355-2360
Sato, T.; Imanishi, S.; Arita, M.; Shimada, T. 1993: Effects of elastase on contractility and morphology of elastic tissue in isolated guinea pig papillary muscles. Heart and Vessels 8(2): 71-78
Zamparo, P.; Antonutto, G.; Capelli, C.; Girardis, M.; Sepulcri, L.; di Prampero, P.E. 1997: Effects of elastic recoil on maximal explosive power of the lower limbs. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology 75(4): 289-297
Kim, S.H.; Yi, M.W.; Maenga, J. 1994: Effects of electric current on flowering in Pharbitis and floral stimulus activity in the phloem exudate of cotyledons. Journal of Plant Biology 37(2): 159-166
Galaktionov, S.G.; Marshall, G.R. 1993: Effects of electric field on alamethicin bound at the lipid-water interface: a molecular mechanics study. Biophysical Journal 65(2): 608-617
Matsuo, M.; Sakata, T. 1994: Effects of electric fields on the germination and early growth of moist seed. Environment Control in Biology 32(2): 107-111
Takada, Y.; Urano, T.; Takahashi, H.; Nagai, N.; Takada, A. 1998: Effects of electric footshock and water immersion restraint stresses on fibrinolytic parameters in the plasma of rats. Thrombosis Research 89(3): 107-114
Vinitskii, M.E.; Bakhtin, O.M.; Filatova, V.S. 1998: Effects of electric stimulation on cochlear nervous structures in cats with experimental hearing disorders. Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 1998(3): 17-20
Peterson, A.M. 1993: Effects of electric transmission rights-of-way on trout in forested headwater streams in New York. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 13(3): 581-585
Roddy, J.; Hubbard, A.E.; Mountain, D.C.; Xue, S. 1994: Effects of electrical biasing on electrically-evoked otoacoustic emissions. Hearing Research 73(2): 148-154
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Kato, M.; Taguchi, K.; Hagiwara, Y.; Kubo, T. 1996: Effects of electrical stimulation and morphine microinjection into periaqueductal gray on 5-hydroxyindole oxidation current in spinal cord of cats. General Pharmacology 27(7): 1195-1201
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Murakawa, K.; Izumi, R.; Noma, K.; Tashiro, C.; Minatogawa, T.; Amatsu, M. 1995: Effects of electrical stimulation of cervical sympathetic trunks on microcirculation in the facial nerve. Japanese Journal of Physiology 45(5): 801-809
Seki, M.; Maeda, M. 1993: Effects of electrical stimulation of motor and cutaneous nerves on spinal cord blood flow. Spine 18(13): 1798-1802
Kapp, B.S.; Supple, W.F.; Whalen, P.J. 1994: Effects of electrical stimulation of the amygdaloid central nucleus on neocortical arousal in the rabbit. Behavioral Neuroscience 108(1): 81-93
Rouillard, C.; Freeman, A.S. 1995: Effects of electrical stimulation of the central nucleus of the amygdala on the in vivo electrophysiological activity of rat nigral dopaminergic neurons. Synapse 21(4): 348-356
Lee, M.Y.; Kim, M.S.; Park, B.R. 1997: Effects of electrical stimulation of the vestibular system on neuronal activity of the ipsilateral medial vestibular nuclei following unilateral labyrinthectomy in rats. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 1(3): 263-273
Lin, P.X.; Fields, R.D.; v Agoston, D. 1993: Effects of electrical stimulation on GAP-43 expression in mouse sensory neurons. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 76(1): 95-103
Lee, N.G.; Yang, M.H.; Cho, Y.J. 1995: Effects of electrical stimulation on physicochemical and rheological properties of Plaice, Paralichthys olivaceus muscle at early period after death. Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 28(1): 23-30
Kim, T.J.; Choi, Y.J.; Kim, D.S.; Cho, Y.J. 1998: Effects of electrical stimulation on the biochemical properties of plaice, Paralichthys olivaceus, sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrils. Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 31(4): 545-552
Mikami, M.; Nagao, M.; Sekikawa, M.; Miura, H.; Hongo, Y. 1994: Effects of electrical stimulation on the peptide and free amino acid contents of beef homogenate and sarcoplasma during storage. Animal Science and Technology 65(11): 1034-1043
Kim, T.J.; Kim, Y.J.; Yoon, H.D.; Cho, Y.J.; Choi, Y.J.; Lee, K.W.; Kim, G.B.; Kim, D.S. 1998: Effects of electrical stimulation on ultrastructure of plaice, Paralichthys olivaceus muscle and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 31(4): 553-559
Sakata, Y.; Morimoto, A.; Murakami, N. 1993: Effects of electrical stimulation or local anesthesia of the rabbit's hypothalamus on the acute phase response. Brain Research Bulletin 31(3-4): 287-292
Shields, R.K.; Law, L.F.; Reiling, B.; Sass, K.; Wilwert, J. 1997: Effects of electrically induced fatigue on the twitch and tetanus of paralyzed soleus muscle in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 82(5): 1499-1507
Bucinskaite, V.; Lundeberg, T.; Stenfors, C.; Ekblom, A.; Dahlin, L.; Theodorsson, E. 1994: Effects of electro-acupuncture and physical exercise on regional concentrations of neuropeptides in rat brain. Brain Research 666(1): 128-132
Ying, S.X.; Cheng, J.S. 1994: Effects of electro-acupuncture on C-FOS expression in gerbil hippocampus during transient global ischemia. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research 19(4): 207-213
Tsai, H.Y.; Chen, Y.F.; Lin, J.G.; Chen, C.F. 1994: Effects of electroacupuncture analgesia on the central monoaminergic neurons. Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal 46(3): 207-218
Niina, Y.; Ikeda, K.; Iwa, M.; Sakita, M. 1997: Effects of electroacupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on survival of musculocutaneous flap in rats. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 25(3-4): 273-280
Si, Q.M.; Wu, G.C.; Cao, X.D. 1998: Effects of electroacupuncture on acute cerebral infarction. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research 23(2): 117-124
Zhao, P.; Cheng, J. 1997: Effects of electroacupuncture on extracellular contents of amino acid neurotransmitters in rat striatum following transient focal cerebral ischemia. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research 22(2): 119-126
Yabushita, H.; Yoshikawa, K.; Hirata, M.; Furuya, H.; Hojyoh, T.; Fukatsu, H.; Noguchi, M.; Nakanishi, M. 1997: Effects of electrochemotherapy on CaSki cells derived from a cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Gynecologic Oncology 65(2): 297-303
Pavlásek, J.; Murgas, K.; Masánová, C.; Haburcák, M. 1994: Effects of electroconvulsive shock on catecholamine release in the corpus striatum of the rat: a voltammetric study. Physiological Research 43(5): 321-326
Hossain, M.A.; Masserano, J.M.; Weiner, N. 1992: Effects of electroconvulsive shock on tetrahydrobiopterin and GTP-cyclohydrolase activity in the brain and adrenal gland of the rat. Journal of Neurochemistry 59(6): 2237-2243
Zhu, X.; Lao, Z.; Wu, L. 1993: Effects of electroconvulsive shock on the brainstem auditory evoked potential in the guinea pig. Hunan Yike Daxue Xuebao 18(3): 247-250
Passarelli, F.; Angeletti, B.; Orrù, D.; Orzi, F.; D'Ambrosio, E. 1994: Effects of electroconvulsive shock on the levels of hsp70 and hsc73 mRNA in the rat brain. Neuroscience Letters 177(1-2): 147-150
Rothman, R.B.; Pert, A. 1994: Effects of electroconvulsive shock on the retention of cocaine-induced conditioning. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 49(2): 399-404
Mathé, A.A.; Gruber, S.; Jiménez, P.A.; Theodorsson, E.; Stenfors, C. 1997: Effects of electroconvulsive stimuli and MK-801 on neuropeptide Y, neurokinin A, and calcitonin gene-related peptide in rat brain. Neurochemical Research 22(5): 629-636
Coote, M.; Wilkins, A.; Werstiuk, E.S.; Steiner, M. 1998: Effects of electroconvulsive therapy and desipramine on neuroendocrine responses to the clonidine challenge test. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 23(3): 172-178
Strober, M.; Rao, U.; DeAntonio, M.; Liston, E.; State, M.; Amaya-Jackson, L.; Latz, S. 1998: Effects of electroconvulsive therapy in adolescents with severe endogenous depression resistant to pharmacotherapy. Biological Psychiatry 43(5): 335-338
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Devanand, D.P.; Lisanby, S.; Lo, E.S.; Fitzsimons, L.; Cooper, T.B.; Halbreich, U.; Sackeim, H.A. 1998: Effects of electroconvulsive therapy on plasma vasopressin and oxytocin. Biological Psychiatry 44(7): 610-616
Pfingst, B.E.; Morris, D.J.; Miller, A.L. 1995: Effects of electrode configuration on threshold functions for electrical stimulation of the cochlea. Hearing Research 85(1-2): 76-84
Holsheimer, J.; Struijk, J.J.; Tas, N.R. 1995: Effects of electrode geometry and combination on nerve fibre selectivity in spinal cord stimulation. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 33(5): 676-682
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Muth, R.T.; Ruppert, J.B. 1997: Effects of electrofishing fields on captive embryos and larvae of razorback sucker. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17(1): 160-166
Ruppert, J.B.; Muth, R.T. 1997: Effects of electrofishing fields on captive juveniles of two endangered cyprinids. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17(2): 314-320
Paquot, M.; Godin, F.; Dumont, D.C.assart, Q. 1994: Effects of electrokinetic characteristics on the formation of a protein-microcrystalline cellulose complex. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie 27(1): 11-15
Park, J.H.; Han, I.K.; Kim, I.B. 1994: Effects of electrolyte balance (EB:Na+K-Cl) on the growth, blood parameters, urine parameters and nutrient availabilities of weaning pigs. Korean Journal of Animal Nutrition and Feedstuffs 18(3): 147-154
Rehrer, N.J.; Beckers, E.J.; Brouns, F.; Saris, W.H.; Ten Hoor, F. 1993: Effects of electrolytes in carbohydrate beverages on gastric emptying and secretion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 25(1): 42-51
Joel, D.; Tarrasch, R.; Feldon, J.; Weiner, I. 1997: Effects of electrolytic lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex or its subfields on 4-arm baited, 8-arm radial maze, two-way active avoidance and conditioned fear tasks in the rat. Brain Research 765(1): 37-50
Sigal, V.L.; Volkov, B.V.; Panteleev, A.D.; Sidoruk, Y.K. 1996: Effects of electromagnetic SHF-heating and thermal destruction of deeply located biological tissues. Dopovidi Natsional'noyi Akademiyi Nauk Ukrayiny 1996(6): 141-146
Chance, W.T.; Grossman, C.J.; Newrock, R.; Bovin, G.; Yerian, S.; Schmitt, G.; Mendenhall, C. 1995: Effects of electromagnetic fields and gender on neurotransmitters and amino acids in rats. Physiology and Behavior 58(4): 743-748
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Kondo, H. 1995: Effects of electromagnetic fields on growth of Escherichia coli. Electro- & Magnetobiology 14(1): 7-15
Koldayev, V.M.; Shchepin, Y.V. 1997: Effects of electromagnetic radiation on embryos of sea-urchins. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 43(1): 161-164
Shankar, V.S.; Simon, B.J.; Bax, C.M.; Pazianas, M.; Moonga, B.S.; Adebanjo, O.A.; Zaidi, M. 1998: Effects of electromagnetic stimulation on the functional responsiveness of isolated rat osteoclasts. Journal of Cellular Physiology 176(3): 537-544
Kitabatake, Y.; Oida, Y.; Yamamoto, T. 1995: Effects of electromyogram silent period prior to vertical jump on jumping ability. Bulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute 1995(89): 15-23
Moreau, D.; Dubots, P.; Boggio, V.; Guilland, J.C.; Cometti, G. 1995: Effects of electromyostimulation and strength training on muscle soreness, muscle damage and sympathetic activation. Journal of Sports Sciences 13(2): 95-100
Petrovskis, E.A.; Vogel, T.M.; Adriaens, P. 1994: Effects of electron acceptors and donors on transformation of tetrachloromethane by Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1. Fems Microbiology Letters 121(3): 357-363
Nespurkova, L.; Lazarova, J.; Janacek, K.; Rybova, R. 1993: Effects of electron acceptors on anion uptake in Hydrodictyon reticulatum. Journal of Plant Physiology 141(5): 533-537
Dohino, T.; Tanabe, K. 1994: Effects of electron beam irradiation on cut flowers and mites. Food Irradiation Japan 29(1-2): 21-27
Picardal, F.; Arnold, R.G.; Huey, B.B. 1995: Effects of electron donor and acceptor conditions on reductive dehalogenation of tetrachloromethane by Shewanella putrefaciens 200. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61(1): 8-12
Doong, R.; Chen, T.; Chang, W. 1996: Effects of electron donor and microbial concentration on the enhanced dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride by anaerobic consortia. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 46(2): 183-186
Jin, G.; Englande, A.J.Jr 1997: Effects of electron donor, dissolved oxygen, and oxidation-reduction potential biodegradation of carbon tetrachloride by Escherichia coli K-12. Water Environment Research 69(6): 1100-1105
Moraes, J.C. 1995: Effects of electronic autodefense devices on cardiac pacemakers. Artificial Organs 19(3): 238-240
Tang, Q.; Lee, C.S. 1997: Effects of electroosmotic flow on zone mobilization in capillary isoelectric focusing. Journal of Chromatography A 781(1-2): 113-118
Harkin, D.G.; Hay, E.D. 1996: Effects of electroporation on the tubulin cytoskeleton and directed migration of corneal fibroblasts cultured within collagen matrices. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 35(4): 345-357
Dwyer, W.P.; Erdahl, D.A. 1995: Effects of electroshock voltage, wave form, and pulse rate on survival of cutthroat trout eggs. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 15(3): 647-650
Mitton, C.J.A.; Mcdonald, D.G. 1994: Effects of electroshock, air exposure, and forced exercise on swim performance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51(8): 1799-1803
Sorensen, P.W. 1994: Effects of electroshocking on the sexual behavior of goldfish and brook trout. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14(4): 862-865
Zamotrinsky, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Karpov, R.S.; Cherniavsky, A. 1997: Effects of electrostimulation of the vagus afferent endings in patients with coronary artery disease. Coronary Artery Disease 8(8-9): 551-557
Ma, K.; Loessner, H.; Heider, J.; Johnson, M.K.; Adams, M.W. 1995: Effects of elemental sulfur on the metabolism of the deep-sea hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus strain ES-1: characterization of a sulfur-regulated, non-heme iron alcohol dehydrogenase. Journal of Bacteriology 177(16): 4748-4756
Alvarez, R.; Lopez, M. 1995: Effects of elements of compound preexposure on conditioned taste aversion as a function of retention interval. Animal Learning and Behavior 23(4): 391-399
Tingey, D.T.; Phillips, D.L.; Johnson, M.G.; Storm, M.J.; Ball, J.T.mothy 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 and N fertilization on fine root dynamics and fungal growth in seedling Pinus ponderosa. Environmental and Experimental Botany 37(2-3): 73-83
Wilsey, B.J.; Coleman, J.S.; Mcnaughton, S.J. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 and defoliation on grasses; A comparative ecosystem approach. Ecological Applications 7(3): 844-853
Hattenschwiler, S.; Korner, C. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 and increased nitrogen deposition on photosynthesis and growth of understory plants in spruce model ecosystems. Oecologia (Berlin) 106(2): 172-180
Johnson, D.W.; Ball, T.; Walker, R.F. 1995: Effects of elevated CO-2 and nitrogen on nutrient uptake in ponderosa pine seedlings. Nilsson, L O, Huttl, R F, Johansson, U T Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences; Nutrient uptake and cycling in forest ecosystems: 535-545
Newbery, R.M.; Wolfenden, J. 1996: Effects of elevated CO2 and nutrient supply on the seasonal growth and morphology of Agrostis capillaris. New Phytologist 132(3): 403-411
Wang, K.Y.; Kellomaki, S. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 and soil-nitrogen supply on chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchange in Scots pine, based on a branch-in-bag experiment. New Phytologist 136(2): 277-286
Kim, H.-Yong; Horie, T.; Nakagawa, H.; Wada, K. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentration and high temperature on growth and yield of rice: I. The effect on development, dry matter production and some growth characteristics. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 65(4): 634-643
Kim, H.-Yong; Horie, T.; Nakagawa, H.; Wada, K. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentration and high temperature on growth and yield of rice: II. The effect on yield and its components of Akihikari rice. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 65(4): 644-651
Mitchell, R.A.C.; Lawlor, D.W.; Mitchell, V.J.; Gibbard, C.L.; White, E.M.; Porter, J.R. 1995: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentration and increased temperature on winter wheat: Test of ARCWHEAT1 simulation model. Plant Cell and Environment 18(7): 736-748
Morokuma, M.; Yajima, M.; Yonemura, S. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentration and warming on growth and yield of rice. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 65(2): 222-228
Will, R.E.; Ceulemans, R. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentration on photosynthesis, respiration and carbohydrate status of coppice Populus hybrids. Physiologia Plantarum 100(4): 933-939
Mortensen, L.M. 1994: Effects of elevated CO-2 concentrations on growth and yield of eight vegetable species in a cool climate. Scientia Horticulturae 58(3): 177-185
Stewart, J.; Potvin, C. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 on an artificial grassland community: Competition, invasion and neighbourhood growth. Functional Ecology 10(2): 157-166
Erhardt, A.; Rusterholz, H.P.ter 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 on flowering phenology and nectar production. Acta Oecologica 18(3): 249-253
Diemer, M. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2 on gas exchange characteristics of alpine grassland. Acta Oecologica 18(3): 177-182
Atkinson, C.J.; Tayhlor, J.M. 1996: Effects of elevated CO-2 on stem growth, vessel area and hydraulic conductivity of oak and cherry seedlings. New Phytologist 133(4): 617-626
Reekie, J.Y.C.; Hicklenton, P.R.; Reekie, E.G. 1994: Effects of elevated CO-2 on time of flowering in four short-day and four long-day species. Canadian Journal of Botany 72(4): 533-538
Blum, H.; Hendrey, G.; Nosberger, J. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2, N fertilization, and cutting regime on the production and quality of Lolium perenne L. shoot necromass. Acta Oecologica 18(3): 291-295
Whitehead, S.J.; Caporn, S.J.M.; Press, M.C. 1997: Effects of elevated CO-2, nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth and photosynthesis of two upland perennials: Calluna vulgaris and Pteridium aquilinum. New Phytologist 135(2): 201-211
Bowler, J.M.; Press, M.C. 1996: Effects of elevated CO2 , nitrogen form and concentration on growth and photosynthesis of a fast- and slow-growing grass. New Phytologist 132(3): 391-401
Fangmeier, A.; Grüters, U.; Hertstein, U.; Sandhage-Hofmann, A.; Vermehren, B.; Jäger, H.J. 1996: Effects of elevated CO2 nitrogen supply and tropospheric ozone on spring wheat. I. Growth and yield. Environmental Pollution 91(3): 381-390
Hebeisen, T.; Luscher, A.; Nosberger, J. 1997: Effects of elevated atmospheric CO-2 and nitrogen fertilisation on yield of Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne. Acta Oecologica 18(3): 277-284
Van Vuuren, M.M.I.; Robinson, D.; Fitter, A.H.; Chasalow, S.D.; Williamson, L.; Raven, J.A. 1997: Effects of elevated atmospheric CO-2 and soil water availability on root biomass, root length, and N, P and K uptake by wheat. New Phytologist 135(3): 455-465
Kubo, Y.; Tsuji, H.; Inaba, A.; Nakamura, R. 1993: Effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentrations on the ripening in banana fruit by exogenous ethylene. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 62(2): 451-455
Drummer, C.; Friedel, V.; Börger, A.; Störmer, I.; Wolter, S.; Zittermann, A.; Wolfram, G.; Heer, M. 1998: Effects of elevated carbon dioxide environment on calcium metabolism in humans. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 69(3): 291-298
Miura, T.; Hiramatsu, T.; Forbess, J.M.; Mayer, J.E. 1995: Effects of elevated coronary sinus pressure on coronary blood flow and left ventricular function. Implications after the Fontan operation. Circulation 92(9): II298-II303
Shieh, C.-C..; Petrini, M.F..; Dwyer, T.M..; Farley, J.M.. 1996: Effects of elevated cytosolic calcium on ACh-induced swine tracheal smooth muscle contraction. Journal of Biomedical Science 3(5): 348-358
McIntyre, M.; McNeil, B. 1997: Effects of elevated dissolved CO2 levels on batch and continuous cultures of Aspergillus niger A60: an evaluation of experimental methods. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63(11): 4171-4177
Wallace, M.J.; Hooper, S.B.; Harding, R. 1995: Effects of elevated fetal cortisol concentrations on the volume, secretion, and reabsorption of lung liquid. American Journal of Physiology 269(4 Part 2): R881-R887
Kimura, R.; Miller, W.M. 1996: Effects of elevated pCO(2) and/or osmolality on the growth and recombinant tPA production of CHO cells. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 52(1): 152-160
Horinaka, N.; Artz, N.; Cook, M.; Holmes, C.; Goldstein, D.S.; Kennedy, C.; Sokoloff, L. 1997: Effects of elevated plasma epinephrine on glucose utilization and blood flow in conscious rat brain. American Journal of Physiology 272(4 Pt 2): H1666-H1671
Philp, R.B.; Kalogeros, G.; Mciver, D.J.; Dixon, S.J. 1994: Effects of elevated pressures of inert gases on cytosolic free Ca2+ of cultured human neuroblastoma cells stimulated with carbachol: relevance to high pressure neurological syndrome. Cell Calcium 15(2): 117-121
Sobral, P.; Widdows, J. 1997: Effects of elevated temperatures on the scope for growth and resistance to air exposure of the clam Ruditapes decussatus (L.), from southern Portugal. Scientia Marina 61(2): 163-171
Achenbach, L.; Lampert, W. 1997: Effects of elevated temperatures on threshold food concentrations and possible competitive abilities of differently sized cladoceran species. Oikos 79(3): 469-476
Kathmann, N.; Kuisle, U.; Bommer, M.; Naber, D.; Müller, O.A.; Engel, R.R. 1994: Effects of elevated triiodothyronine on cognitive performance and mood in healthy subjects. Neuropsychobiology 29(3): 136-142
Hayes, J.W.; Rutledge, M.J.; Chisnall, B.L.; Ward, F.J. 1992: Effects of elevated turbidity on shallow lake fish communities. Environmental Biology of Fishes 35(2): 149-168
Reilly, T.; Scott, J. 1993: Effects of elevating blood alcohol levels on tasks related to dart throwing. Perceptual and Motor Skills 77(1): 25-26
Moreno, P., R.H.; Poulsen, C.; Van-Der-Heijden, R.; Verpoorte, R. 1996: Effects of elicitation on different metabolic pathways in Catharanthus roseus (L.)G.Don cell suspension cultures. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 18(2): 99-107
Wang, C.; Dreher, B.; Burke, W. 1996: Effects of eliminating retinal Y cell input on center-surround interactions in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat. Visual Neuroscience 13(6): 1089-1097
Smirnov, K.A. 1994: Effects of elk on dynamics of forest phytocoenoses. Lesovedenie 1994(1): 22-31
Wolff, J.; Carl, P.; Hansen, P.B.; Høgskilde, S.; Christensen, M.S.; Sørensen, M.B. 1994: Effects of eltanolone on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in healthy volunteers. Anesthesiology 81(3): 623-627
Salahuddin, S.; Ookutsu, S.; Goto, K.; Nakanishi, Y.; Nagata, Y. 1995: Effects of embryo density and co-culture of unfertilized oocytes on embryonic development of in-vitro fertilized mouse embryos. Human Reproduction 10(9): 2382-2385
Sebire, N.J.; D'ercole, C.; Sepulveda, W.; Hughes, K.; Nicolaides, K.H. 1997: Effects of embryo reduction from trichorionic triplets to twins. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 104(10): 1201-1203
Denenberg, V.H.; Sherman, G.; Schrott, L.M.; Waters, N.S.; Boehm, G.W.; Galaburda, A.M.; Mobraaten, L.E. 1996: Effects of embryo transfer and cortical ectopias upon the behavior of BXSB-Yaa and BXSB-Yaa + mice. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 93(1-2): 100-108
Youbicier Simo, B.J.; Boudard, F.; Mekaouche, M.; Bastide, M.; Bayle, J.D. 1993: Effects of embryonic bursectomy and in ovo administration of highly diluted bursin on adrenocorticotropic and immune responses of chickens. International Journal of Immunotherapy 9(3): 169-180
Wade, J.; Gong, A.; Arnold, A.P. 1997: Effects of embryonic estrogen on differentiation of the gonads and secondary sexual characteristics of male zebra finches. Journal of Experimental Zoology 278(6): 405-411
Weis, J.S.; Weis, P. 1995: Effects of embryonic exposure to methylmercury on larval prey-capture ability in the mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14(1): 153-156
Corkum, L.D.; Ciborowski, J.J.H.; Poulin, R.G. 1997: Effects of emergence date and maternal size on egg development and sizes of eggs and first-instar nymphs of a semelparous aquatic insect. Oecologia (berlin). 111(1): 69-75
Kusachi, S.; Iwasaki, K.; Yamada, N.; Takeda, K.; Shiraki, T.; Marutani, M.; Mukouhara, N.; Kajikawa, Y.; Nunoyama, H.; Tsuji, T. 1993: Effects of emergency coronary angioplasty on left ventricular volume after acute myocardial infarction compared with intracoronary thrombolysis. Coronary Artery Disease 4(8): 737-743
Luttschwager, K.A.; Higgins, K.F.; Jenks, J.A. 1994: Effects of emergency haying on duck nesting in conservation reserve program fields, South Dakota. Wildlife Society Bulletin. Fall; 223: 403-408
Rose, C.; Crumpton, W.G. 1996: Effects of emergent macrophytes on dissolved oxygen dynamics in a prairie pothole wetland. Wetlands 16(4): 495-502
Leatherman, D.L.; Middlebrook, J.L. 1993: Effects of emetine on the specific association of T-2 toxin with mammalian cells. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(2): 732-740
Sexton, W.L.; Poole, D.C. 1998: Effects of emphysema on diaphragm blood flow during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 84(3): 971-979
Mettler, E.; Seibel, W. 1993: Effects of emulsifiers and hydrocolloids on whole wheat bread quality: A response surface methodology study. Cereal Chemistry 70(4): 373-377
Stampfli, L.; Nersten, B.; Molteberg, E.L. 1996: Effects of emulsifiers on farinograph and extensograph measurements. Food Chemistry 57(4): 523-530
Soeda, T. 1997: Effects of emulsifiers, fatty acids and alcohols on the gelation of heated soy protein isolate during cold storage. Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi 44(6): 393-399
Suzuki, Y.; Masumitsu, Y.; Omura, T.; Okudaira, K.; Hayashi, M. 1998: Effects of emulsifying agents, drug solubility in soybean oil and lipoprotein lipase on disposition of lipid emulsion and incorporated drugs. Yakuzaigaku 58(2): 69-75
Wang, L.S.; Lin, H.Y.; Chang, C.J.; Fahn, H.J.; Huang, M.H.; Lin, C.F. 1998: Effects of en bloc esophagectomy on nutritional and immune status in patients with esophageal carcinoma. Journal of Surgical Oncology 67(2): 90-98
Zhang, Y.; Morgan, T. 1994: Effects of enalapril and Dup753 on renin synthesis in mice with one hydronephrotic kidney. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 21(2): 133-135
Picca, M.; Bisceglia, J.; Zocca, A.; Pelosi, G. 1997: Effects of enalapril and amlodipine on left ventricular hypertrophy and function in essential hypertension. Clinical Drug Investigation 13(Suppl 1): 29-35
Sharifi, A.M.; Li, J.S.; Endemann, D.; Schiffrin, E.L. 1998: Effects of enalapril and amlodipine on small-artery structure and composition, and on endothelial dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Hypertension 16(4): 457-466
King, R.A.; Smith, R.M.; Krishnan, R.; Cleary, E.G. 1992: Effects of enalapril and hydralazine treatment and withdrawal upon cardiovascular hypertrophy in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Hypertension 10(9): 919-928
Mervaala, E.M.; Laakso, J.; Vapaatalo, H.; Karppanen, H. 1994: Effects of enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide on the salt-induced cardiac and renal hypertrophy in normotensive rats. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 350(4): 416-425
Tao, L.; Rao, M.R. 1996: Effects of enalapril and taurine on left ventricular hypertrophy and arrhythmia in renovascular hypertensive rat. Yao Xue Xue Bao 31(12): 891-896
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