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Effects of neutrophil, natural killer cell, and macrophage depletion on murine Clostridium piliforme infection



Effects of neutrophil, natural killer cell, and macrophage depletion on murine Clostridium piliforme infection



Infection and Immunity 65(7): 2725-2731



Clostridium piliforme infection (Tyzzer's disease) induces enterohepatic disease in many domestic and laboratory animals. Murine susceptibility to Tyzzer's disease varies with host strain, age, and immune status. However, little is known about the role of the immune system in control of this disease. To investigate the role of host immunity in Tyzzer's disease, mice were depleted of either neutrophils, natural killer cells, or macrophages by antibody administration or chemotherapy. After depletion, DBA/2 mice, which are naturally susceptible to C. piliforme, or naturally resistant C57BL/6 mice were inoculated intravenously with C. piliforme. Animals were euthanized 3 days postinoculation and evaluated for gross and histologic lesions and hepatic bacterial load. In juvenile DBA/2 or C57BL/6 mice, depletion of either neutrophils or natural killer cells increased severity of disease. In adult mice, depletion of natural killer cells significantly increased severity of Tyzzer's disease in the resistant (C57BL/6) but not in the susceptible (DBA/2) strain. Macrophage depletion did not alter the course of infection in either mouse strain. These studies indicate an important role for neutrophils and natural killer cells in the pathogenesis of murine Tyzzer's disease. The role of macrophages in murine C. piliforme infection will require further evaluation.

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Accession: 008575095

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PMID: 9199442



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