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Effects of short term ischemia and reperfusion on coronary vascular reactivity and myocardial function

Effects of short term ischemia and reperfusion on coronary vascular reactivity and myocardial function

Life Sciences 57(23): 2171-2185

Ischemia and reperfusion have been shown to cause damage to the endothelium as well as to the cardiac myocyte. Although the vasodilator response has been shown to be impaired following ischemia and reperfusion, the effect of a short period of global ischemia on the contractile response of the coronary vasculature is not clear. In the present study, coronary vasoconstriction in response to U46619, PGF-2alpha, 5-HT, and KCl was found to be depressed for at least 15 min following 15 min of in vitro global ischemia in rat hearts. Vasodilator blockers or inactivators were used in an effort to restore this depressed coronary response. Indomethacin (5 mu-M) was used to block production of vasodilator prostaglandins, L-NAME (30 mu-M) to block production of nitric oxide (NO), and adenosine deaminase (2.4 units/ml of coronary flow) to inactivate adenosine. None of these agents restored the normal coronary constrictor response following ischemia. When superoxide dismutase and catalase (both 20 mu-g/ml of coronary flow) were infused for 5 min before and after ischemia, the coronary response recovered more than 100% of its preischemic value by 15 min of reperfusion, but still remained depressed at 5 min reperfusion. These data suggest that free radicals produced during ischemia and/or reperfusion may be at least partly responsible for this temporary "stunning" of the coronary vasculature. Since the impaired contractile response was still present at 5 min reperfusion when the buffer was supplemented with oxygen radical scavengers, another mechanism must also be involved in this "stunning" process.

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Accession: 008580738

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PMID: 7475969

DOI: 10.1016/0024-3205(95)02209-2

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