Endothelin production in cultured mesangial cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Ikeda, M.; Kohno, M.; Takeda, T.

Hypertension 25(6): 1196-1201

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0194-911X
PMID: 7768563
Accession: 008604679

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Abstract
Cultured glomerular mesangial cells are shown to produce a potent vasoconstrictive peptide, endothelin-1 (ET-1). We examined whether basal or stimulated ET-1 production by angiotensin II (Ang II) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) is enhanced in cultured mesangial cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). In addition, we examined which receptor subtypes of Ang II and AVP mediate ET-1 production in these cells. Basal ET-1 production in SHR mesangial cells was not different from that in WKY cells, although a trend toward increased ET-1 production was observed in the SHR cells. Ang II and AVP stimulated ET-1 production in a concentration-dependent manner in mesangial cells of both rat strains, but Ang II- and AVP-induced stimulation of ET-1 production was clearly greater in SHR than WKY cells. The protein kinase C (PKC)-activating phorbol ester phorbol myristate acetate stimulated ET-1 production in a concentration-dependent manner in cells of both rat strains, but this stimulation was significantly greater in SHR than WKY cells. Neither Ang II nor AVP stimulated ET-1 production in PKC-depleted cells of both strains. Ang II- and AVP-induced stimulation was completely abolished by selective angiotensin subtype 1 (AT-1) and vasopressin subtype 1 (V-1) receptor antagonists, respectively, in cells of both rat strains. These results suggest that AT-1 and V-1-receptor-mediated mesangial cell production of ET-1 is clearly enhanced in SHR compared with WKYs. Increased response of ET-1 production to PKC activation appears to contribute in part to the observed enhancement of ET-1 production in SHR mesangial cells.