Endothelin-1 release by erythropoietin involves calcium signaling in endothelial cells

Carlini, R.G.; Gupta, A.; Liapis, H.; Rothstein, M.

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(6): 889-892


ISSN/ISBN: 0160-2446
PMID: 8606524
DOI: 10.1097/00005344-199512000-00006
Accession: 008605199

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We investigated the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) on intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and whether these changes regulate both endothelin-1 (ET-1) protein release and ET-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) production in bovine pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (BPAEC). rHuEPO (3.3 U/ml) induced [Ca2+]i increases from a basal level of 54 +/- 12.2 (SE) to 147 +/- 21.1 nM (p < 0.001), in fura-2-loaded BPAEC. In the presence of nifedipine (10 microM), the increases in [Ca2+]i were significantly reduced. Furthermore, when extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]o) was reduced (200 microM), there was a significant reduction in [Ca2+]i increase after stimulation with rHuEPO. Incubation of BPAEC with rHuEPO for 4 h increased ET-1 levels in the culture supernatant from 44.7 +/- 5.3 to 85 +/- 7.6 pg/ml (p < 0.001). However, when the cells were treated with rHuEPO and nifedipine, the ET-1 levels were decreased, as compared to levels resulting from treatment with rHuEPO alone (41 +/- 6.1 vs. 85 +/- 7.6 pg/ml, p < 0.001, respectively). rHuEPO also induced a fourfold increase in the level of the preproET-1 mRNA as compared with control. PreproET-1 mRNA was diminished in the presence of nifedipine and rHuEPO and rHuEPO can increase [Ca2+]i in BPAEC, and this increase may be related to the stimulation of ET-1 synthesis and release.