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Enhancement of HL-60 differentiation by a new class of retinoids with selective activity on retinoid X receptor

Enhancement of HL-60 differentiation by a new class of retinoids with selective activity on retinoid X receptor

Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(51): 30765-30772

Cellular responsiveness to retinoic acid and its metabolites is conferred through two distinct families of receptors: the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs). Herein, we report on the identification and characterization of several conformationally restricted retinoids, which selectively bind and activate RX receptors. Under the influence of retinoids, HL-60 myelocytic leukemia cells differentiate into granulocytes. This effect is mediated by RAR alpha, as has been demonstrated through the use of a selective RAR alpha antagonist (Apfel, C., Bauer, F., Crettaz, M., Forni, L., Kamber, M., Kaufmann, F., LeMotte, P., Pirson, W., and Klaus, M. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89, 7129-7133). Here, we show that conformationally restricted RXR-specific retinoids, at doses that are per se inactive, are able to potentiate by up to one order of magnitude the pro-differentiating effects of all-trans retinoic acid and an RAR alpha-selective synthetic retinoid. We also present evidence that these RXR-selective ligands are able to bind to a DNA RXR.RAR heterodimer complex. This finding demonstrates that agonists for RARs and RXRs can synergistically promote HL-60 differentiation, which could be mediated through a heterodimer of these receptors.

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Accession: 008609658

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PMID: 8530518

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.270.51.30765

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