Section 9

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Gromykhina, N.Y.; Kozlov, V.A. 1997: Erythropoietin-dependent mechanisms of action of regulatory factors of macrophagal origin on hemopoietic and immune systems. Immunologiya 1997(1): 27-30
Froom, P.; Dyerassi, L.; Cassel, A.; Aghai, E. 1994: Erythropoietin-independent colonies of red blood cells and leukocytosis in a worker exposed to low levels of benzene. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health 20(4): 306-308
Sui, X.; Tsuji, K.; Tajima, S.; Tanaka, R.; Muraoka, K.; Ebihara, Y.; Ikebuchi, K.; Yasukawa, K.; Taga, T.; Kishimoto, T.; Nakahata, T. 1996: Erythropoietin-independent erythrocyte production: signals through gp130 and c-kit dramatically promote erythropoiesis from human CD34+ cells. Journal of Experimental Medicine 183(3): 837-845
Hoefsloot, L.H.; van Amelsvoort, M.P.; Broeders, L.C.; van der Plas, D.C.; van Lom, K.; Hoogerbrugge, H.; Touw, I.P.; Löwenberg, B. 1997: Erythropoietin-induced activation of STAT5 is impaired in the myelodysplastic syndrome. Blood 89(5): 1690-1700
Brier, M.E.; Bunke, C.M.; Lathon, P.V.; Aronoff, G.R. 1993: Erythropoietin-induced antinatriuresis mediated by angiotensin II in perfused kidneys. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 3(9): 1583-1590
Carroll, M.; Zhu, Y.; D'Andrea, A.D. 1995: Erythropoietin-induced cellular differentiation requires prolongation of the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 92(7): 2869-2873
Chrétien, S.; Varlet, P.; Verdier, F.; Gobert, S.; Cartron, J.P.; Gisselbrecht, S.; Mayeux, P.; Lacombe, C. 1996: Erythropoietin-induced erythroid differentiation of the human erythroleukemia cell line TF-1 correlates with impaired STAT5 activation. EMBO Journal 15(16): 4174-4181
Zhou, X.J.; Pandian, D.; Wang, X.Q.; Vaziri, N.D. 1997: Erythropoietin-induced hypertension in rat is not mediated by alterations of plasma endothelin, vasopressin, or atrial natriuretic peptide levels. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 8(6): 901-905
Przybylski, J.; Sinski, M.; Koziak, K.; Lisiecka, A.; Wisniewski, M.; Gaciong, Z. 1996: Erythropoietin-induced hypertension in the rat is not caused by increased haematocrit and endothelin blood level. Medical Science Research 24(6): 367-368
He, T.C.; Jiang, N.; Zhuang, H.; Wojchowski, D.M. 1995: Erythropoietin-induced recruitment of Shc via a receptor phosphotyrosine-independent, Jak2-associated pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(19): 11055-11061
Brown, J.A.; Nehra, A. 1998: Erythropoietin-induced recurrent veno-occlusive priapism associated with end-stage renal disease. Urology 52(2): 328-330
Damen, J.; Mui, A.L.; Hughes, P.; Humphries, K.; Krystal, G. 1992: Erythropoietin-induced tyrosine phosphorylations in a high erythropoietin receptor-expressing lymphoid cell line. Blood 80(8): 1923-1932
Zhao, C.; Tang, P.; Mao, N.; Zhang, S.; Fan, E.; Dong, B.; Li, Q.; Du, D. 1996: Erythropoietin-like activity in vivo of the fusion protein rhIL-6/IL-2 (CH925). Experimental Hematology 24(1): 54-58
Oka, T.; Onoe, K.; Nishimura, K.; Tsujimura, A.; Sugao, H.; Takaha, M.; Kurata, A. 1996: Erythropoietin-producing adrenocortical carcinoma. Urologia Internationalis 56(4): 246-249
McGann, J.K.; Silver, L.; Liesveld, J.; Palis, J. 1997: Erythropoietin-receptor expression and function during the initiation of murine yolk sac erythropoiesis. Experimental Hematology 25(11): 1149-1157
Shimada, Y.; Migliaccio, G.; Ralph, H.; Migliaccio, A.R.; Shaw, H. 1993: Erythropoietin-specific cell cycle progression in erythroid subclones of the interleukin-3-dependent cell line 32D. Blood 81(4): 935-941
Bunn, H.F.; Gu, J.; Huang, L.E.; Park, J.W.; Zhu, H. 1998: Erythropoietin: a model system for studying oxygen-dependent gene regulation. Journal of Experimental Biology 201(Pt 8): 1197-1201
Marmont, A.M. 1997: Erythropoietin: Biochemical profile, biological records, indications and therapeutic results in hematology. Tumori 83(4 Suppl 2): S3-S15
Fisher, J.W. 1997: Erythropoietin: physiologic and pharmacologic aspects. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 216(3): 358-369
Rave, O.; Wienands, K. 1995: Erythropoietin: Therapeutic option in anemia of rheumatoid arthritis. Zeitschrift fuer Rheumatologie 54(1): 50-55
Robinson, Maxine, K.F. 1997: Erythropoietin: Use in a critically ill patient refusing a blood transfusion. Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 27(1): 38-40
Huang, S.; Negash, S.; Squier, T.C. 1998: Erythrosin isothiocyanate selectively labels lysine464 within an ATP-protectable binding site on the Ca-ATPase in skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes. Biochemistry 37(19): 6949-6957
Manning, R.B.; Camp, D.K. 1993: Erythrosquilloidea, a new superfamily, and Tetrasquillidae, a new family of stomatopod crustaceans. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 106(1): 85-91
Valbonesi, M.; Lercari, G.; Florio, G.; Carlier, P.; Ruzzenenti, M.R.; Bruni, R.; Magnano, E. 1997: Erythrothrombocytapheresis and plasmathrombocytapheresis with storage in T-sol of platelets collected by the new Amicus cell separator. International Journal of Artificial Organs 20(5): 272-276
Abdel Kader, M.S.; Omar, A.A.; Abdel Alam, N.A.; Stermitz, F.R. 1993: Erythroxan diterpenes and flavonoids from Fagonia bruguieri. Phytochemistry (oxford). 33(3): 718-720
Abdel Kader, M.S.; Omar, A.A.; Abdel Salam, N.A.; Stermitz, F.R. 1994: Erythroxan diterpenes from Fagonia species. Phytochemistry (oxford). 36(6): 1431-1433
Thulin, M. 1996: Erythroxylon (Erythroxylaceae) on Socotra. Nordic Journal of Botany 16(3): 301-302
Dal Santo, P.L.; Vianello, F.; Germana, B.; Dotto, P.; Laino, G.; Del Bianco, T.; Plebani, M.; Leandro, G.; Savarino, V.; Di Mario, F. 1993: Esaprazole effect on acid, peptic and alkaline secretion in duodenal ulcer patients. Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 31(1): 11-14
Logothetis, C.J.; Finn, L.D.; Smith, T.; Kilbourn, R.G.; Ellerhorst, J.A.; Zukiwski, A.A.; Sella, A.; Tu, S.M.; Amato, R.J. 1995: Escalated MVAC with or without recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor for the initial treatment of advanced malignant urothelial tumors: results of a randomized trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 13(9): 2272-2277
Martins, M.; Pombal, J.P.Jr.; Haddah, C.F.B. 1998: Escalated aggressive behaviour and facultative parental care in the nest building gladiator frog, Hyla faber. Amphibia-Reptilia 19(1): 65-73
Meyer, R.M.; Quirt, I.C.; Skillings, J.R.; Cripps, M.C.; Bramwell, V.H.; Weinerman, B.H.; Gospodarowicz, M.K.; Burns, B.F.; Sargeant, A.M.; Shepherd, L.E. 1993: Escalated as compared with standard doses of doxorubicin in BACOP therapy for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. New England Journal of Medicine 329(24): 1770-1776
Loehrer, P.J.; Elson, P.; Dreicer, R.; Hahn, R.; Nichols, C.R.; Williams, R.; Einhorn, L.H. 1994: Escalated dosages of methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin plus recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in advanced urothelial carcinoma: an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 12(3): 483-488
Wills, T.A.; Vaccaro, D.; McNamara, G.; Hirky, A.E. 1996: Escalated substance use: a longitudinal grouping analysis from early to middle adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 105(2): 166-180
Campbell, L.A.; Seeger, R.C.; Harris, R.E.; Villablanca, J.G.; Matthay, K.K. 1993: Escalating dose of continuous infusion combination chemotherapy for refractory neuroblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 11(4): 623-629
Attal, M.; Canal, P.; Schlaifer, D.; Chatelut, E.; Dezeuze, A.; Huguet, F.; Payen, C.; Pris, J.; Laurent, G. 1994: Escalating dose of mitoxantrone with high-dose cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide in patients with refractory lymphoma undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 12(1): 141-148
Maisano, R.; Pergolizzi, S.; Settineri, N. 1998: Escalating dose of oral ondansetron in the prevention of radiation induced emesis. Anticancer Research 18(3b): 2011-2013
Cascinu, S.; Catalano, G. 1995: Escalating dose of tegafur combined with oral etoposide in metastatic gastric carcinoma. Anti-Cancer Drugs 6(4): 608-611
Vokes, E.E.; Haraf, D.J.; Hoffman, P.C. 1993: Escalating doses of interferon alpha-2A with cisplatin and concomitant radiotherapy: A phase I study. Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 33(3): 203-209
Pico, J.L.; Ibrahim, A.; Castagna, L.; Bourhis, J.H.; Chazard, M.; Maraninchi, D.; Droz, J.P. 1993: Escalating high-dose carboplatin and autologous bone marrow transplantation in solid tumors. Oncology 50(Suppl): 47-52
Mehra, A.; Shotan, A.; Ostrzega, E.; Vasquez-Johnson, J.; Elkayam, U. 1995: Escalating nitrate dose overcomes early attenuation of hemodynamic effect caused by nitrate tolerance in patients with heart failure. American Heart Journal 130(4): 798-805
Molthoff, C.F.; Prinssen, H.M.; Kenemans, P.; van Hof, A.C.; den Hollander, W.; Verheijen, R.H. 1997: Escalating protein doses of chimeric monoclonal antibody MOv18 immunoglobulin G in ovarian carcinoma patients: A phase I study. Cancer 80(12 Suppl): 2712-2720
Furman, W.L.; Baker, S.D.; Pratt, C.B.; Rivera, G.K.; Evans, W.E.; Stewart, C.F. 1996: Escalating systemic exposure of continuous infusion topotecan in children with recurrent acute leukemia. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 14(5): 1504-1511
Rodman, J.H.; Furman, W.L.; Sunderland, M.; Rivera, G.; Evans, W.E. 1993: Escalating teniposide systemic exposure to increase dose intensity for pediatric cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 11(2): 287-293
Payne, R.J.H.; Pagel, M. 1996: Escalation and time costs in displays of endurance. Journal of Theoretical Biology 183(2): 185-193
Amat, J.; Matus-Amat, P.; Watkins, L.R.; Maier, S.F. 1998: Escapable and inescapable stress differentially and selectively alter extracellular levels of 5-HT in the ventral hippocampus and dorsal periaqueductal gray of the rat. Brain Research 797(1): 12-22
Healy, D., J.; Drugan, R., C. 1996: Escapable stress modulates retention of spatial learning in rats: Preliminary evidence for involvement of neurosteroids. Psychobiology 24(2): 110-117
Taylor, J.C.; Ekdahl, M.M.; Romanczyk, R.G.; Miller, M.L. 1994: Escape behavior in task situations: Task versus social antecedents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 24(3): 331-344
Martin, J.; Lopez, P. 1995: Escape behaviour of juvenile Psammodromus algirus lizards: Constraint of or compensation for limitations in body size?. Behaviour 132(3-4): 181-192
Domenici, P.; Batty, RS. 1997: Escape behaviour of solitary herring (Clupea harengus) and comparisons with schooling individuals. Marine Biology (Berlin) 128(1): 29-38
Vasquez, R.A. 1994: Escape bipedalism in Oryzomys longicaudatus. Medio Ambiente 12(1): 22-26
Shanks, N.; Anisman, H. 1993: Escape deficits induced by uncontrollable foot-shock in recombinant inbred strains of mice. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 46(3): 511-517
Nedorezov, L.V. 1997: Escape effect and population outbreaks. Ecological Modelling 94(2-3): 95-110
Esposito, T.; Gianfrancesco, F.; Ciccodicola, A.; D'Esposito, M.; Nagaraja, R.; Mazzarella, R.; D'Urso, M.; Forabosco, A. 1997: Escape from X inactivation of two new genes associated with DXS6974E and DXS7020E. Genomics 43(2): 183-190
McFadden, J.; Knowles, G. 1997: Escape from evolutionary stasis by transposon-mediated deleterious mutations. Journal of Theoretical Biology 186(4): 441-447
Smith, M.L.; Yang, C.J.; Metzenberg, R.L.; Glass, N.L. 1996: Escape from het-6 incompatibility in Neurospora crassa partial diploids involves preferential deletion within the ectopic segment. Genetics 144(2): 523-531
Imai, S.; Saito, F.; Ikeuchi, T.; Segawa, K.; Takano, T. 1993: Escape from in vitro aging in SV40 large T antigen-transformed human diploid cells: a key event responsible for immortalization occurs during crisis. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 69(1-2): 149-158
Brightman, B.K.; Farmer, C.; Fan, H. 1993: Escape from in vivo restriction of Moloney mink cell focus-inducing viruses driven by the Mo+PyF101 long terminal repeat (LTR) by LTR alterations. Journal of Virology 67(12): 7140-7148
Okuno, H.; Akahori, A.; Sato, H.; Xanthoudakis, S.; Curran, T.; Iba, H. 1993: Escape from redox regulation enhances the transforming activity of Fos. Oncogene 8(3): 695-701
Karlsson, C.; Stenman, G.; Vojta, P.J.; Bongcam-Rudloff, E.; Barrett, J.C.; Westermark, B.; Paulsson, Y. 1996: Escape from senescence in hybrid cell clones involves deletions of two regions located on human chromosome 1q. Cancer Research 56(2): 241-245
Coruzzi, P. 1994: Escape from the sodium-retaining effects of mineralocorticoids: is there a role for dopamine?. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 78(2): 455-458
Ecelbarger, C.A.; Chou, C.L.; Lee, A.J.; DiGiovanni, S.R.; Verbalis, J.G.; Knepper, M.A. 1998: Escape from vasopressin-induced antidiuresis: role of vasopressin resistance of the collecting duct. American Journal of Physiology 274(6): F1161-F1166
Lingle, S. 1992: Escape gaits of white-tailed deer, mule deer and their hybrids: Gaits observed and patterns of limb coordination. Behaviour 122(3-4): 153-181
Lingle, S. 1993: Escape gaits of white-tailed deer, mule deer, and their hybrids: Body configuration, biomechanics, and function. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71(4): 708-724
Chignola, R.; Pasti, M.; Candiani, C.; Franceschi, A.; Anselmi, C.; Tridente, G.; Colombatti, M. 1995: Escape mechanisms of human leukemic cells to long-term immunotoxin treatment in an in vitro experimental model. International Journal of Cancer 61(4): 535-541
Wilson, S.I.; Phylip, L.H.; Mills, J.S.; Gulnik, S.V.; Erickson, J.W.; Dunn, B.M.; Kay, J. 1997: Escape mutants of HIV-1 proteinase: enzymic efficiency and susceptibility to inhibition. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1339(1): 113-125
Schreiber, M.; Müller, H.; Wachsmuth, C.; Laue, T.; Hufert, F.T.; Van Laer, M.D.; Schmitz, H. 1997: Escape of HIV-1 is associated with lack of V3 domain-specific antibodies in vivo. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 107(1): 15-20
Makino, H.; Kumagai, I.; Hironaka, K.; Ota, K.; Shikata, K.; Ota, Z. 1995: Escape of red blood cells through gaps in glomerular basement membrane in a patient with mixed connective tissue disease. American Journal of Nephrology 15(2): 168-171
Campbell, C.L.; Thorsness, P.E. 1998: Escape of mitochondrial DNA to the nucleus in yme1 yeast is mediated by vacuolar-dependent turnover of abnormal mitochondrial compartments. Journal of Cell Science 111: 2455-2464
Kreps, T.A.; Purcell, J.E.; Heidelberg, K.B. 1997: Escape of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi from the scyphomedusa predator Chrysaora quinquecirrha. Ine Biology (berlin). 128(3): 441-446
Oi, K.; Komori, H. 1998: Escape phenomenon with pravastatin during long-term treatment of patients with hyperlipidemia associated with diabetes mellitus. Current Therapeutic Research 59(2): 130-138
Kuhlmann, Hans Werner 1994: Escape response of Euplotes octocarinatus to Turbellarian predators. Archiv Fuer Protistenkunde 144(2): 163-171
Butler, J., M.; Roper, T., J. 1995: Escape tactics and alarm responses in badgers Meles meles: A field experiment. Ethology 99(4): 313-322
Domenici, P.; Blake, R., W. 1993: Escape trajectories in angelfish (Pterophyllum eimekei). Journal of Experimental Biology 177: 253-272
D.L.R.sa Pacheco, R.; Ramirez Rodriguez, M. 1996: Escape vents in traps for the fishery of the California spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus, in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Ciencias Marinas 22(2): 235-243
Schmajuk, N.A.; Zanutto, B.S.lvano 1997: Escape, avoidance, and imitation: A neural network approach. Adaptive Behavior 6(1): 63-129
Hoffmann, M.H. 1996: Escaped and cultivated North American asters of Central Europe. Feddes Repertorium 107(3-4): 163-188
Saegrov, H.; Hindar, K.; Kalas, S.; Lura, H. 1997: Escaped farmed Atlantic salmon replace the original salmon stock in the River Vosso, western Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54(6): 1166-1172
Hislop, J.R.G.; Webb, J.H. 1992: Escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., feeding in Scottish coastal waters. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 23(6): 721-723
Nass, B.L. 1996: Escapement enumeration studies of adult coho salmon at Zolzap Creek, B.C., 1992. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1996(2374): I-VIII, 1-30
Nass, B.L. 1996: Escapement enumeration studies of adult coho salmon at Zolzap Creek, B.C., 1993. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1996(2373): I-VII, 1-35
Lyons-Weiler, J.; Hoelzer, G.A. 1997: Escaping from the Felsenstein zone by detecting long branches in phylogenetic data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8(3): 375-384
Rooney, T.P. 1997: Escaping herbivory: Refuge effects on the morphology and shoot demography of the clonal forest herb Maianthemum canadense. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 124(4): 280-285
Temesvári, P.; Abrahám, C.S.; Speer, C.P.; Kovács, J.; Megyeri, P. 1993: Escherichia coli 0111 B4 lipopolysaccharide given intracisternally induces blood-brain barrier opening during experimental neonatal meningitis in piglets. Pediatric Research 34(2): 182-186
Jackson, S.G.; Goodbrand, R.B.; Johnson, R.P.; Odorico, V.G.; Alves, D.; Rahn, K.; Wilson, J.B.; Welch, M.K.; Khakhria, R. 1998: Escherichia coli O157:H7 diarrhoea associated with well water and infected cattle on an Ontario farm. Epidemiology and Infection 120(1): 17-20
Malhotra, A.; Penczek, P.; Agrawal, R.K.; Gabashvili, I.S.; Grassucci, R.A.; Jünemann, R.; Burkhardt, N.; Nierhaus, K.H.; Frank, J. 1998: Escherichia coli 70 S ribosome at 15 A resolution by cryo-electron microscopy: localization of fMet-tRNAfMet and fitting of L1 protein. Journal of Molecular Biology 280(1): 103-116
Ambrozic, J.; Ostroversnik, A.; Starcic, M.; Kuhar, I.; Grabnar, M.; Zgur-Bertok, D. 1998: Escherichia coli CoIV plasmid pRK100: genetic organization, stability and conjugal transfer. Microbiology 144: 343-352
Sherman, J.A.; Matson, S.W. 1994: Escherichia coli DNA helicase I catalyzes a sequence-specific cleavage/ligation reaction at the F plasmid origin of transfer. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(42): 26220-26226
Reems, J.A.; McHenry, C.S. 1994: Escherichia coli DNA polymerase IIi holoenzyme footprints three helical turns of its primer. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(52): 33091-33096
Oram, M.; Kuroda, R.; Fisher, L.M. 1992: Escherichia coli DNA gyrase: genetic analysis of gyrA and gyrB mutations responsible for thermosensitive enzyme activity. Febs Letters 312(1): 61-65
Ricchetti, M.; Buc, H. 1993: Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I as a reverse transcriptase. EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization) Journal 12(2): 387-396
Rangarajan, S.; Gudmundsson, G.; Qiu, Z.; Foster, P.L.; Goodman, M.F. 1997: Escherichia coli DNA polymerase II catalyzes chromosomal and episomal DNA synthesis in vivo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(3): 946-951
Reems, J.A.; Wood, S.; McHenry, C.S. 1995: Escherichia coli DNA polymerase IIi holoenzyme subunits alpha, beta, and gamma directly contact the primer-template. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(10): 5606-5613
Song, Y.; Sargentini, N.J. 1996: Escherichia coli DNA repair genes radA and sms are the same gene. Journal of Bacteriology 178(16): 5045-5048
Zhang, H.L.; Malpure, S.; DiGate, R.J. 1995: Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase IIi is a site-specific DNA binding protein that binds asymmetrically to its cleavage site. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(40): 23700-23705
Wiater, L.A.; Marra, A.; Shuman, H.A. 1994: Escherichia coli F plasmid transfers to and replicates within Legionella pneumophila: an alternative to using an RP4-based system for gene delivery. Plasmid 32(3): 280-294
Beharry, S.; Bragg, P.D. 1992: Escherichia coli F1-ATPase can use GTP-nonchaseable bound adenine nucleotide to synthesize ATP in dimethyl sulfoxide. Biochemistry 31(46): 11472-11476
Sweeney, N.J.; Laux, D.C.; Cohen, P.S. 1996: Escherichia coli F-18 and E. coli K-12 eda mutants do not colonize the streptomycin-treated mouse large intestine. Infection and Immunity 64(9): 3504-3511
McCormick, B.A.; Klemm, P.; Krogfelt, K.A.; Burghoff, R.L.; Pallesen, L.; Laux, D.C.; Cohen, P.S. 1993: Escherichia coli F-18 phase locked 'on' for expression of type 1 fimbriae is a poor colonizer of the streptomycin-treated mouse large intestine. Microbial Pathogenesis 14(1): 33-43
Augustin, L.B.; Jacobson, B.A.; Fuchs, J.A. 1994: Escherichia coli Fis and DnaA proteins bind specifically to the nrd promoter region and affect expression of an nrd-lac fusion. Journal of Bacteriology 176(2): 378-387
Goldstein, J.L.; Sahi, J.; Bhuva, M.; Layden, T.J.; Rao, M.C. 1994: Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin-mediated colonic Cl- secretion is absent in cystic fibrosis. Gastroenterology 107(4): 950-956
Lacadena, J.; Martínez del Pozo, A.; Mancheño, J.M.; Gasset, M.; Oñaderra, M.; Gavilanes, J.G. 1995: Escherichia coli JA221 can suppress the UAG stop signal. Letters in Applied Microbiology 21(2): 96-98
Suzuki, H.; Hashimoto, W.; Kumagai, H. 1993: Escherichia coli K-12 can utilize an exogenous gamma-glutamyl peptide as an amino acid source, for which gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase is essential. Journal of Bacteriology 175(18): 6038-6040
Roh, J.H.; Takenaka, Y.; Suzuki, H.; Yamamoto, K.; Kumagai, H. 1995: Escherichia coli K-12 copper-containing monoamine oxidase: investigation of the copper binding ligands by site-directed mutagenesis, elemental analysis and topa quinone formation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 212(3): 1107-1114
Stojiljkovic, I.; Cobeljic, M.; Hantke, K. 1993: Escherichia coli K-12 ferrous iron uptake mutants are impaired in their ability to colonize the mouse intestine. Fems Microbiology Letters 108(1): 111-115
Grove, J.; Tanapongpipat, S.; Thomas, G.; Griffiths, L.; Crooke, H.; Cole, J. 1996: Escherichia coli K-12 genes essential for the synthesis of c-type cytochromes and a third nitrate reductase located in the periplasm. Molecular Microbiology 19(3): 467-481
Kehres, D.G.; Hogg, R.W. 1992: Escherichia coli K12 arabinose-binding protein mutants with altered transport properties. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 1(12): 1652-1660
Ganguly, U.; Kumar, R.; Naik, T.N. 1994: Escherichia coli K12 carrying a 120 kilobase plasmid (pCAT120) of Shigella dysenteriae 1 became adhesive to HeLa cells but failed to induce changes in microfilaments of HeLa cells. Indian Journal of Physiology and Allied Sciences 48(3): 116-122
Muth, W.L.; Counter, F.T.; Richardson, K.K.; Fisher, L.F. 1993: Escherichia coli K12 does not colonize the gastrointestinal tract of Fischer-344 rats. Journal of Industrial Microbiology 11(4): 253-257
Liu, D.; Reeves, P.R. 1994: Escherichia coli K12 regains its O antigen. Microbiology 140: 49-57
Schweder, T.; Hofmann, K.; Hecker, M. 1995: Escherichia coli K12 relA strains as safe hosts for expression of recombinant DNA. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 42(5): 718-723
Whittaker, D.V.; Parolis, L.A.; Parolis, H. 1994: Escherichia coli K48 capsular polysaccharide: A glycan containing a novel diacetamido sugar. Carbohydrate Research 256(2): 289-301
Hérias, M.V.; Midtvedt, T.; Hanson, L.A.; Wold, A.E. 1997: Escherichia coli K5 capsule expression enhances colonization of the large intestine in the gnotobiotic rat. Infection and Immunity 65(2): 531-536
Ramjee, M.K.; Genschel, U.; Abell, C.; Smith, A.G. 1997: Escherichia coli L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase: preprotein processing and observation of reaction intermediates by electrospray mass spectrometry. Biochemical Journal 323: 661-669
Tsuji, T.; Kato, M.; Kawase, H.; Imamura, S.; Kamiya, H.; Ichinose, Y.; Miyama, A. 1997: Escherichia coli LT enterotoxin subunit A demonstrates partial toxicity independent of the nicking around Arg192. Microbiology 143: 1797-1804
Niki, H.; Imamura, R.; Kitaoka, M.; Yamanaka, K.; Ogura, T.; Hiraga, S. 1992: Escherichia coli MukB protein involved in chromosome partition forms a homodimer with a rod-and-hinge structure having DNA binding and ATP/GTP binding activities. EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization) Journal 11(13): 5101-5109
Watnick, R.S.; Gottesman, M.E. 1998: Escherichia coli NusA is required for efficient RNA binding by phage HK022 Nun protein. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(4): 1546-1551
Burova, E.; Hung, S.C.; Sagitov, V.; Stitt, B.L.; Gottesman, M.E. 1995: Escherichia coli NusG protein stimulates transcription elongation rates in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Bacteriology 177(5): 1388-1392
Izumikawa, K.; Hirakata, Y.; Yamaguchi, T.; Takemura, H.; Maesaki, S.; Tomono, K.; Igimi, S.; Kaku, M.; Yamada, Y.; Kohno, S.; Kamihira, S. 1998: Escherichia coli O157 interactions with human intestinal Caco-2 cells and the influence of fosfomycin. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 42(3): 341-347
Chart, H.; Evans, J.; Chalmers, R.M.; Salmon, R.L. 1998: Escherichia coli O157 serology: False-positive ELISA results caused by human antibodies binding to bovine serum albumin. Letters in Applied Microbiology 27(2): 76-78
Easton, L. 1997: Escherichia coli O157: occurrence, transmission and laboratory detection. British Journal of Biomedical Science 54(1): 57-64
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Abbott, S.L.; Hanson, D.F.; Felland, T.D.; Connell, S.; Shum, A.H.; Janda, J.M. 1994: Escherichia coli O157:H7 generates a unique biochemical profile on Micro Scan conventional gram-negative identification panels. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 32(3): 823-824
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Flint, D.H. 1996: Escherichia coli contains a protein that is homologous in function and N-terminal sequence to the protein encoded by the nifS gene of Azotobacter vinelandii and that can participate in the synthesis of the Fe-S cluster of dihydroxy-acid dehydratase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(27): 16068-16074
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Benov, L.; Fridovich, I. 1996: Escherichia coli exhibits negative chemotaxis in gradients of hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorite, and N-chlorotaurine: Products of the respiratory burst of phagocytic cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(10): 4999-5002
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Tamiya, T.; Ono, Y.; Wei, M.X.; Mroz, P.J.; Moolten, F.L.; Chiocca, E.A. 1996: Escherichia coli gpt gene sensitizes rat glioma cells to killing by 6-thioxanthine or 6-thioguanine. Cancer Gene Therapy 3(3): 155-162
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Pellett, S.; Welch, R.A. 1996: Escherichia coli hemolysin mutants with altered target cell specificity. Infection and Immunity 64(8): 3081-3087
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Naimer, S.; Levine, A. 1997: Esophageal carcinoma presenting as fever of unknown origin. Harefuah 132(5): 333 383
Yedidag, A.; Zikos, D.; Spargo, B.; MacEntee, P.; Berkelhammer, C. 1997: Esophageal carcinoma presenting with nephrotic syndrome: association with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody. American Journal of Gastroenterology 92(2): 326-328
Kato, H.; Tachimori, Y.; Watanabe, H.; Mizobuchi, S.; Igaki, H.; Yamaguchi, H.; Ochiai, A. 1994: Esophageal carcinoma simultaneously associated with gastric carcinoma: Analysis of clinicopathologic features and treatments. Journal of Surgical Oncology 56(2): 122-127
Altorki, N.K.; Migliore, M.; Skinner, D.B. 1994: Esophageal carcinoma with airway invasion. Evolution and choices of therapy. Chest 106(3): 742-745
Demeester, T.R. 1997: Esophageal carcinoma: Current controversies. Seminars in Surgical Oncology 13(4): 217-233
Rice, T.W.; Zuccaro, G.; Adelstein, D.J.; Rybicki, L.A.; Blackstone, E.H.; Goldblum, J.R. 1998: Esophageal carcinoma: Depth of tumor invasion is predictive of regional lymph node status. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 65(3): 787-792
Lieberman, M.D.; Franceschi, D.; Marsan, B.; Burt, M. 1994: Esophageal carcinoma. the unusual variants. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 108(6): 1138-1146
Tomita, M.; Sawai, T.; Nakamura, A.; Jibiki, M.; Akama, F.; Uchikawa, T.; Sasaki, N.; Shingu, H.; Hatano, K.; Matsumoto, Y.; Muraoka, M.; Tagawa, T.; Hayashida, K.; Yamaguchi, S.; Ide, S.; Nanashima, A.; Taniguchi, Y.; Fujise, N.; Kurosaki, N. 1994: Esophageal carcinomas with synchronous and metachronous primary malignant carcinomas in other organs. Acta Medica Nagasakiensia 39(3): 149-150
Iwaya, T.; Maesawa, C.; Tamura, G.; Sato, N.; Ikeda, K.; Sasaki, A.; Othuka, K.; Ishida, K.; Saito, K.; Satodate, R. 1997: Esophageal carcinosarcoma: A genetic analysis. Gastroenterology 113(3): 973-977
Williams, D.; Thompson, D.G.; Heggie, L.; O'Hanrahan, T.; Bancewicz, J. 1994: Esophageal clearance function following treatment of esophagitis. Gastroenterology 106(1): 108-116
McElhinney, D.B.; Reddy, V.M.; Reddy, G.P.; Higgins, C.B.; Hanley, F.L. 1998: Esophageal compression by the aorta after arterial switch. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 65(1): 246-248
Laohapensang, K.; Sittitrai, P.; Sawangtham, T. 1997: Esophageal conduit in nearly hopeless corrosive esophageal stricture patient. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 80(8): 534-539
Dawsey, S.M.; Yu, Y.; Taylor, P.R.; Li, J.Y.; Shen, Q.; Shu, Y.J.; Liu, S.F.; Zhao, H.Z.; Cao, S.G.; Wang, G.Q. 1994: Esophageal cytology and subsequent risk of esophageal cancer. A prospective follow-up study from Linxian, China. Acta Cytologica 38(2): 183-192
Bozeman, W.P.; Hexter, D.; Liang, H.K.; Kelen, G.D. 1996: Esophageal detector device versus detection of end-tidal carbon dioxide level in emergency intubation. Annals of Emergency Medicine 27(5): 595-599
Marshall, J.B.; Afridi, S.A.; King, P.D.; Barthel, J.S.; Butt, J.H. 1996: Esophageal dilation with polyvinyl (American) dilators over a marked guidewire: practice and safety at one center over a 5-yr period. American Journal of Gastroenterology 91(8): 1503-1506
Kadakia, S.C.; Parker, A.; Carrougher, J.G.; Shaffer, R.T. 1993: Esophageal dilation with polyvinyl bougies, using a marked guidewire without the aid of fluoroscopy: an update. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(9): 1381-1386
Smith, P.D.; Eisner, M.S.; Manischewitz, J.F.; Gill, V.J.; Masur, H.; Fox, C.F. 1993: Esophageal disease in AIDS is associated with pathologic processes rather than mucosal human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Journal of Infectious Diseases 167(3): 547-552
Laine, L.; Bonacini, M. 1994: Esophageal disease in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Archives of Internal Medicine 154(14): 1577-1582
Wei, J.Y.; Wang, Y.H.; Go, V.L.; Taché, Y. 1997: Esophageal distension induced gastric relaxation is mediated in part by vagal peripheral reflex mechanism in rats. Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System 63(1-2): 12-18
Lam, H.G.; Dekker, W.; Kan, G.; van Berg Henegouwen, G.P.; Smout, A.J. 1994: Esophageal dysfunction as a cause of angina pectoris ("linked angina"): does it exist?. American Journal of Medicine 96(4): 359-364
Campo, S.; Morini, S.; Re, M.A.; Monno, D.; Lorenzetti, R.; Moscatelli, B.; Bologna, E. 1997: Esophageal dysmotility and gastroesophageal reflux in intrinsic asthma. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 42(6): 1184-1188
Levine, J.J.; Trachtman, H.; Gold, D.M.; Pettei, M.J. 1996: Esophageal dysmotility in children breast-fed by mothers with silicone breast implants. Long-term follow-up and response to treatment. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 41(8): 1600-1603
Elta, G.H.; Caldwell, C.A.; Nostrant, T.T. 1996: Esophageal dysphagia as the sole symptom in type I chiari malformation. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 41(3): 512-515
Sone, Y.; Nakano, S.; Takeda, I. 1998: Esophageal dysplasia with marked koilocytosis accompanying minute squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Report of a case. Stomach and Intestine 33(7): 1050-1054
Tanaka, J.; Yamashita, M.; Yamashita, M.; Kajigaya, H. 1998: Esophageal electrochemical burns due to button type lithium batteries in dogs. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 40(4): 193-196
Attwood, S.E.; Smyrk, T.C.; Demeester, T.R.; Jones, J.B. 1993: Esophageal eosinophilia with dysphagia. a distinct clinicopathologic syndrome. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 38(1): 109-116
Goddard, P.J.; Fraser, M.D. 1994: Esophageal fistulation in the Guanaco. Small Ruminant Research 13(3): 287-292
Nolte, K.B. 1993: Esophageal foreign bodies as child abuse. Potential fatal mechanisms. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology 14(4): 323-326
Macpherson, R.I.; Hill, J.G.; Othersen, H.B.; Tagge, E.P.; Smith, C.D. 1996: Esophageal foreign bodies in children: diagnosis, treatment, and complications. Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 166(4): 919-924
Kawabata, I. 1993: Esophageal foreign body of press through package (PTP). Jibi Inkoka Tokeibu Geka 65(10): 865-870
Strader, D.B.; Benjamin, S.B.; Orbuch, M.; Lubensky, T.A.; Gibril, F.; Weber, C.; Fishbeyn, V.A.; Jensen, R.T.; Metz, D.C. 1995: Esophageal function and occurrence of Barrett's esophagus in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Digestion 56(5): 347-356
Yarze, J.C.; Varga, J.; Stampfl, D.; Castell, D.O.; Jimenez, S.A. 1993: Esophageal function in systemic sclerosis: a prospective evaluation of motility and acid reflux in 36 patients. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(6): 870-876
Mizuno, M.; Hoshika, K.; Matsumoto, T.; Inoue, S.; Kamoi, R.; Fujimura, Y.; Shimizu, M.; Iida, M. 1995: Esophageal granular cell tumor removed by endoscopic mucosal resection: Report of a case. Kawasaki Igakkai Shi 21(4): 303-307
Henry, M.A.; Mendes, E.F.; Saad, L.H.; Rodrigues, P.A.; Gonçalves, I. 1996: Esophageal histoplasmosis. A case report. Arquivos de Gastroenterologia 33(1): 26-28
Papo, M.; Quer, J.C.; Garcia, G.; Lorenzo, A.; Sauri, A.; Richart, C. 1995: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas 87(9): 665-667
Zimmer, T.; Tschiedrich, M.; Ritz, J.P.; Cornely, D.; Liehr, R.M.; Wolf, K.J.; Buhr, H.; Riecken, E.O. 1997: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis. Zeitschrift Fuer Gastroenterologie 35(10): 939-944,.
Dua, K.S.; Stewart, E.; Arndorfer, R.; Shaker, R. 1996: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis associated with achalasia. American Journal of Gastroenterology 91(9): 1859-1860
Schnepper, G.; Chalybaus, C.; De Mas, C.R.; Seifert, E.; Stolte, M. 1994: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis with candidiasis. Zeitschrift fuer Gastroenterologie 32(6): 360-362
Naoi, Y.; Katayama, H.; Tomiyoshi, H. 1997: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis with esophageal cancer improved by target rotation irradiation: case report. Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi. Nippon Acta Radiologica 57(8): 526-527
Spiera, R.F.; Filippa, D.A.; Bains, M.S.; Paget, S.A. 1994: Esophageal involvement in Wegener's granulomatosis. Arthritis and Rheumatism 37(9): 1404-1407
Peter, C.P.; Handt, L.K.; Smith, S.M. 1998: Esophageal irritation due to alendronate sodium tablets: Possible mechanisms. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 43(9): 1998-2002
Kumar, P.; Breach, N.M.; Goldstraw, P. 1997: Esophageal leiomyomatosis involving trachea: Surgical resection and repair. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 63(2): 531-533
Ilan, Y.; Shouval, D.; Galun, E.; Goldin, E.; Ligumsky, M.; Friedman, G.; Tur Kaspa, R. 1996: Esophageal malignancy after liver transplantation in a patient with Barrett's esophagus. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 31(4): 415-416
Bassotti, G.; Germani, U.; Pagliaricci, S.; Plesa, A.; Giulietti, O.; Mannarino, E.; Morelli, A. 1998: Esophageal manometric abnormalities in Parkinson's disease. Dysphagia 13(1): 28-31
Berezin, S.; Halata, M.S.; Newman, L.J.; Glassman, M.S.; Medow, M.S. 1993: Esophageal manometry in children with esophagitis. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(5): 680-682
Lock, G.; Zeuner, M.; Straub, R.H.; Hein, R.; Lang, B.; Schölmerich, J.; Holstege, A. 1997: Esophageal manometry in systemic sclerosis: Screening procedure or confined to symptomatic patients?. Rheumatology International 17(2): 61-66
Nakamura, T.; Mohri, H.; Shimazaki, M.; Ito, Y.; Ohnishi, T.; Nishino, Y.; Fujihiro, S.; Shima, H.; Matsushita, T.; Yasuda, M.; Moriwaki, H.; Muto, Y.; Deguchi, T. 1997: Esophageal metastasis from prostate cancer: diagnostic use of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for prostate-specific antigen. Journal of Gastroenterology 32(2): 236-240
Trentino, P.; Rapacchietta, S.; Silvestri, F.; Marzullo, A.; Fantini, A. 1997: Esophageal metastasis from clear cell carcinoma of the kidney. American Journal of Gastroenterology 92(8): 1381-1382
Fass, R.; Landau, O.; Kovacs, T.O.; Ippoliti, A.F. 1997: Esophageal motility abnormalities in cirrhotic patients before and after endoscopic variceal treatment. American Journal of Gastroenterology 92(6): 941-946
Honzumi, M.; Uchida, K.; Okuda, A.; Tsukamoto, Y.; Suzuki, H. 1993: Esophageal motility after surgical repair of esophageal atresia. Mie Medical Journal 43(1): 137-141
Ozoran, K.; Sivri, B.; Ataman, S.; Unai, S. 1996: Esophageal motility disorder in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology International 15(6): 255-257
Adamek, R.J.; Wegener, M.; Wienbeck, M.; Pulte, T. 1995: Esophageal motility disorders and their coexistence with pathologic acid reflux in patients with noncardiac chest pain. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 30(9): 833-838
Camelo, A.L.; Awad, R.A.; Madrazo, A.; Aguilar, F.; Award, R.A. 1997: Esophageal motility disorders in Mexican patients with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 27(3): 119-122
Palma, R.; Freire, A.; Freitas, J.; Morbey, A.; Costa, T.; Saraiva, F.; Queirós, F.; Carvalhinhos, A. 1994: Esophageal motility disorders in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 39(4): 758-761
Fried, R.L.; Brandt, L.J.; Kauvar, D.; Simon, D. 1994: Esophageal motility in AIDS patients with symptomatic opportunistic infections of the esophagus. American Journal of Gastroenterology 89(11): 2003-2005
Timmer, R.; Breumelhof, R.; Nadorp, J.H.; Smout, A.J. 1993: Esophageal motility in low-grade reflux esophagitis, evaluated by stationary and 24-hour ambulatory manometry. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(6): 837-841
Dantas, R.O.; Mamede, R.C. 1996: Esophageal motility in patients with esophageal caustic injury. American Journal of Gastroenterology 91(6): 1157-1161
Adamek, R.J.; Roth, B.; Szymanski, C.; Hagemann, D.; Pfaffenbach, B. 1998: Esophageal motility in patients without and with coronary heart disease: Does non-cardiac chest pain really exist?. Leber Magen Darm 28(4): 165-169
Kabacińska-Knapikowa, D.; Paradowski, L.; Kwiatkowski, S. 1992: Esophageal motility in the personnel operating heavy self-propelled mining machines. Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy 24(3): 153-155
Schwizer, W.; Borovicka, J.; Fried, M.; Inauen, W. 1993: Esophageal motor disorders and diagnostic methods. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift Suppl 1993(54): 8-14
Singh, P.; Taylor, R.H.; Colin-Jones, D.G. 1994: Esophageal motor dysfunction and acid exposure in reflux esophagitis are more severe if Barrett's metaplasia is present. American Journal of Gastroenterology 89(3): 349-356
Costantini, M.; Zaninotto, G.; Anselmino, M.; Marcon, M.; Iurilli, V.; Boccù, C.; Feltrin, G.P.; Angelini, C.; Ancona, E. 1996: Esophageal motor function in patients with myotonic dystrophy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 41(10): 2032-2038
Grande, L.; Lacima, G.; Ros, E.; Font, J.; Pera, C. 1993: Esophageal motor function in primary Sjögren's syndrome. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(3): 378-381
Anselmino, M.; Zaninotto, G.; Costantini, M.; Ostuni, P.; Ianniello, A.; Boccú, C.; Doria, A.; Todesco, S.; Ancona, E. 1997: Esophageal motor function in primary Sjögren's syndrome: correlation with dysphagia and xerostomia. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 42(1): 113-118
McKie, L.D.; Dunkin, B.J.; Pennanen, M.F.; Dunlap, K.W.; Harmon, J.W.; Bass, B.L. 1994: Esophageal mucosal blood flow: a central role for calcitonin gene-related peptide. Surgery 116(2): 409
Nagahama, R.; Nishizawa, M. 1994: Esophageal mucosal cancer followed up endoscopically for four years and ten months, report of a case. Stomach and Intestine 29(9): 951-955
Ohkura, Y. 1994: Esophageal mucosal cancer: Classification and the depth of invasion from the pathological point of view. Stomach and Intestine 29(4): 263-272
Triadafilopoulos, G.; Kaczynska, M.; Iwane, M. 1996: Esophageal mucosal eicosanoids in gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus. American Journal of Gastroenterology 91(1): 65-74
De Castro Parga, M.L.; Alonso, P.; García Porrua, C.; Prada, J.I. 1996: Esophageal mucosal lesions and scleroderma: prevalence, symptoms and risk factors. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 88(2): 93-98
Aziz, Q.; Rothwell, J.C.; Barlow, J.; Hobson, A.; Alani, S.; Bancewicz, J.; Thompson, D.G. 1994: Esophageal myoelectric responses to magnetic stimulation of the human cortex and the extracranial vagus nerve. American Journal of Physiology 267(5 Part 1): G827-G835
Cappell, M.S. 1994: Esophageal necrosis and perforation associated with the anticardiolipin antibody syndrome. American Journal of Gastroenterology 89(8): 1241-1245
Schnapf, B.M.; Favrot, J.; Dodson, S. 1993: Esophageal obstruction in a tracheostomized infant. Chest 104(6): 1909-1910
Yee, G.K.; Terry, A.F. 1993: Esophageal penetration by an anterior cervical fixation device. A case report. Spine 18(4): 522-527
Salis Graciela, B.; García, O.; Mazzadi, S.; Ianniccillo, H.; Chiocca, J.C. 1997: Esophageal perforation after pneumatic dilatation for achalasia: why?. Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 27(1): 3-6
Tucker, J.G.; Kim, H.H.; Lucas, G.W. 1994: Esophageal perforation caused by coin ingestion. Southern Medical Journal 87(2): 269-272
Horan, T.A.; Urschel, J.D.; MacEachern, N.A.; Shulman, B.; Crowson, A.N.; Magro, C. 1994: Esophageal perforation in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 57(4): 1027-1029
Viste, A.; Janssen, C., W.,. Jr.;; Svanes, K. 1995: Esophageal perforation: An unusual complication following Nissen fundoplication for esophagitis. Digestive Surgery 12(2): 126-128
White, C.S.; Templeton, P.A.; Attar, S. 1993: Esophageal perforation: CT findings. Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 160(4): 767-770
Buecker, A.; Wein, B.B.; Neuerburg, J.M.; Guenther, R.W. 1997: Esophageal perforation: comparison of use of aqueous and barium-containing contrast media. Radiology 202(3): 683-686
Bufkin, B.L.; Miller, J.I.; Mansour, K.A. 1996: Esophageal perforation: emphasis on management. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 61(5): 1447-1451; Discussion: 1451-1452
Karnak, I.; Tanyel, F.C.; Büyükpamukçu, N.; Hiçsönmez, A. 1998: Esophageal perforations encountered during the dilation of caustic esophageal strictures. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 39(3): 373-377
Klygis, L.M.; Jutabha, R.; Mccrohan, M.B.; Vanagunas, A.D. 1993: Esophageal perforations masked by steroids. Abdominal Imaging 18(1): 10-12
Thomas, A.M.; Turner, R.E.; Tenholder, M.F. 1997: Esophageal pressure measurements in cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Chest 112(3): 829-832
Hsu, C.P.; Chen, C.Y.; Hsieh, Y.H.; Hsia, J.Y.; Shai, S.E.; Kao, C.H. 1997: Esophageal reflux after total or proximal gastrectomy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia. American Journal of Gastroenterology 92(8): 1347-1350
Cerfolio, R.J.; Allen, M.S.; Deschamps, C.; Trastek, V.F.; Pairolero, P.C. 1995: Esophageal replacement by colon interposition. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 59(6): 1382-1384
Pompeo, E.; Coosemans, W.; De Leyn, P.; Denette, G.; Van Raemdonck, D.; Lerut, T. 1997: Esophageal replacement with colon in children using either the intrathoracic or retrosternal route: An analysis of both surgical and long-term results. Surgery Today 27(8): 729-734
Collard, J.M.; Tinton, N.; Malaise, J.; Romagnoli, R.; Otte, J.B.; Kestens, P.J. 1995: Esophageal replacement: Gastric tube or whole stomach?. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 60(2): 261-6; discussion 267
Moreno González, E.; González-Pinto, I.; García García, I.; Gómez Sanz, R.; Loinaz Segurola, C.; Bercedo Martínez, J.; Figueroa Andollo, J.; Palma Carazo, F.; Marcello Fernández, M. 1992: Esophageal resection by cervico-abdominal approach without thoracotomy. Surgery Today 22(6): 517-522
McLarty, A.J.; Deschamps, C.; Trastek, V.F.; Allen, M.S.; Pairolero, P.C.; Harmsen, W.S. 1997: Esophageal resection for cancer of the esophagus: Long-term function and quality of life. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 63(6): 1568-1572
Miller, D.L.; Allen, M.S.; Trastek, V.F.; Deschamps, C.; Pairolero, P.C. 1995: Esophageal resection for recurrent achalasia. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 60(4): 922
Riou, P.J.; Nicholson, A.G.; Pastorino, U. 1996: Esophageal rupture in a patient with idiopathic eosinophilic esophagitis. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 62(6): 1854-1856
Edenbrandt, L.; Theander, E.; Högström, M.; Scheja, A.; Akesson, A.; Palmer, J. 1995: Esophageal scintigraphy of systemic sclerosis. Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication Society of Nuclear Medicine 36(9): 1533-1538
Jørgensen, F.; Hesse, B.; Tromholt, N.; Højgaard, L.; Stubgaard, M. 1992: Esophageal scintigraphy: reproducibility and normal ranges. Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication Society of Nuclear Medicine 33(12): 2106-2109
Paterson, W.G.; Kolyn, D.M. 1994: Esophageal shortening induced by short-term intraluminal acid perfusion in opossum: a cause for hiatus hernia?. Gastroenterology 107(6): 1736-1740
Tiomny, E.; Khilkevic, O.; Korczyn, A.D.; Kimmel, R.; Hallak, A.; Baron, J.; Blumen, S.; Asherov, A.; Gilat, T. 1996: Esophageal smooth muscle dysfunction in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 41(7): 1350-1354
Takeuchi, K. 1995: Esophageal stenosis after radiation for laryngeal carcinoma. Jibi Inkoka Tokeibu Geka 67(10): 980-983
Manecke, G.R.; Poppers, P.J. 1998: Esophageal stethoscope placement depth: its effect on heart and lung sound monitoring during general anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia 86(6): 1276-1279
Hamamoto, J.; Kohrogi, H.; Kawano, O.; Iwagoe, H.; Fujii, K.; Hirata, N.; Ando, M. 1997: Esophageal stimulation by hydrochloric acid causes neurogenic inflammation in the airways in guinea pigs. Journal of Applied Physiology 82(3): 738-745
Levine, M.S.; Borislow, S.M.; Rubesin, S.E.; O'brien, C. 1994: Esophageal stricture caused by a Motrin tablet (Ibuprofen). Abdominal Imaging 19(1): 6-7
Benjamin, B.; Robb, P.; Glasson, M. 1993: Esophageal stricture following esophageal atresia repair: endoscopic assessment and dilation. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 102(5): 332-336
Dalzell, A.M.; Shepherd, R.W.; Cleghorn, G.J.; Patrick, M.K. 1992: Esophageal stricture in children: fiber-optic endoscopy and dilatation under fluoroscopic control. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 15(4): 426-430
Doolin, E.J. 1993: Esophageal stricture: an uncommon complication of foreign bodies. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 102(11): 863-866
Song, H.Y.; Choi, K.C.; Kwon, H.C.; Yang, D.H.; Cho, B.H.; Lee, S.T. 1992: Esophageal strictures: treatment with a new design of modified Gianturco stent. Work in progress. Radiology 184(3): 729-734
Matsuda, K.; Watanabe, H.; Kuwabara, S.; Nishimaki, T. 1997: Esophageal submucosal tumor (SMT) like carcinoma. Stomach and Intestine 32(5): 671-689
Su, A.Y.; Huggins, T.L.; Purdue, G.F.; Harford, W.V. 1995: Esophageal tissue band transected with hot biopsy forceps. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 40(10): 2197-2199
Niwa, H.; Masaoka, A.; Yamakawa, Y.; Hara, F.; Kondo, K.; Fukai, I.; Kiriyama, M.; Kondo, S. 1996: Esophageal tracheobronchoplasty for diseases of the central airway. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 112(1): 124-129
Han, S.L.; Nagao, T.; Kita, J.; Uchida, H. 1995: Esophageal transection using a biofragmentable anastomosis ring in dogs. Surgery Today 25(9): 802-805
Ham, H.R.; Urbain, D. 1994: Esophageal transit of liquid in chronic alcoholism in patients with cirrhosis. Influence of esophageal varices. Clinical Nuclear Medicine 19(9): 809-812
Mönig, S.P.; Schmidt, R.; Wolters, U.; Krug, B. 1995: Esophageal tuberculosis: a differential diagnostic challenge. American Journal of Gastroenterology 90(1): 153-154
Manuc, M.; Oproiu, C.; Ionescu, M.; Popovici, D.; Dutu, R.; Popescu, C.; Gheorghe, C.; Oproiu, A. 1998: Esophageal tumor with an unusual histological appearance: a case report. Hepato-Gastroenterology 45(19): 109-113
Hishikawa, Y.; Izumi, M.; Kurisu, K.; Taniguchi, M.; Kamikonya, N. 1993: Esophageal ulceration following high-dose-rate intraluminal brachytherapy for esophageal cancer. RadioTherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 28(3): 252-254
Wilcox, C.M.; Schwartz, D.A.; Clark, W.S. 1995: Esophageal ulceration in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Causes, response to therapy, and long-term outcome. Annals of Internal Medicine 123(2): 143-149
Yoshida, M.; Hanashi, T.; Momma, K.; Yamada, Y.; Kozawa, H. 1997: Esophageal ulcers limited to the esophago-gastric mucosal junction. Stomach and Intestine 32(9): 1175-1180
Nishida, R.; Inoue, R.; Takimoto, Y.; Kita, T. 1998: Esophageal varices in rat models of liver cirrhosis. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 43(6): 1296-1301
Kishimoto, R.; Chen, M.; Ogawa, H.; Wakabayashi, M.N.; Kogutt, M.S. 1998: Esophageal varices: evaluation with transabdominal US. Radiology 206(3): 647-650
Börjesson, M.; Pilhall, M.; Eliasson, T.; Norssell, H.; Mannheimer, C.; Rolny, P. 1998: Esophageal visceral pain sensitivity: Effects of TENS and correlation with manometric findings. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 43(8): 1621-1628
Timmer, R.; Seldenrijk, C.A.; v Gorp, L.H.; Dingemans, K.P.; Bartelsman, J.F.; Smout, A.J. 1997: Esophageal white sponge nevus associated with severe dysphagia and odynophagia. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 42(9): 1914-1918
Takiguchi, M.; Yasuda, J.; Hashimoto, A.; Ochiai, K.; Itakura, C. 1997: Esophageal/gastric adenocarcinoma in a dog. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 33(1): 42-44
Davis, E.A.; Heitmiller, R.F. 1996: Esophagectomy for benign disease: Trends in surgical results and management. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 62(2): 369-372
Jougon, J.B.; Ballester, M.; Duffy, J.; Dubrez, J.; Delaisement, C.; Velly, J.F.; Couraud, L. 1997: Esophagectomy for cancer in the patient aged 70 years and older. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 63(5): 1423-1427
Adam, D.J.; Craig, S.R.; Sang, C.T.; Cameron, E.W.; Walker, W.S. 1996: Esophagectomy for carcinoma in the octogenarian. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 61(1): 190-194
Oka, T.; Ayabe, H.; Kawahara, K.; Tagawa, Y.; Hara, S.; Tsuji, H.; Kusano, H.; Nakano, M.; Tomita, M. 1993: Esophagectomy for metastatic carcinoma of the esophagus from lung cancer. Cancer 71(10): 2958-2961
Tomita, M.; Ayabe, H.; Kawahara, K.; Tagawa, Y.; Obatake, M.; Nakamura, A.; Sasaki, N.; Shingu, H.; Nagayasu, T. 1993: Esophagectomy in combination with a resection of involved lung for esophageal cancer. Acta Medica Nagasakiensia 38(2-4): 285-287
Naunheim, K.S.; Hanosh, J.; Zwischenberger, J.; Turrentine, M.W.; Kesler, K.A.; Reeder, L.B.; Ferguson, M.K.; Baue, A.E. 1993: Esophagectomy in the septuagenarian. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 56(4): 880
Tilanus, H.W.; Hop, W.C.; Langenhorst, B.L.; van Lanschot, J.J. 1993: Esophagectomy with or without thoracotomy. Is there any difference?. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 105(5): 898-903
Abraham, J.M.; Wang, S.; Suzuki, H.; Jiang, H.Y.; Rosenblum-Vos, L.S.; Yin, J.; Meltzer, S.J. 1996: Esophagin cDNA cloning and characterization: a tissue-specific member of the small proline-rich protein family that is not expressed in esophageal tumors. Cell Growth and Differentiation: the Molecular Biology Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 7(7): 855-860
Rosioru, C.; Glassman, M.S.; Halata, M.S.; Schwarz, S.M. 1993: Esophagitis and Helicobacter pylori in children: incidence and therapeutic implications. American Journal of Gastroenterology 88(4): 510-513
Friesen, C.A.; Streed, C.J.; Carney, L.A.; Zwick, D.L.; Roberts, C.C. 1994: Esophagitis and modified Bernstein tests in infants with apparent life-threatening events. Pediatrics 94(4 Pt 1): 541-544
Wetscher, G.J.; Perdikis, G.; Kretchmar, D.H.; Stinson, R.G.; Bagchi, D.; Redmond, E.J.; Adrian, T.E.; Hinder, R.A. 1995: Esophagitis in Sprague-Dawley rats is mediated by free radicals. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 40(6): 1297-1305
Zimmerman, J.; Shohat, V.; Tsvang, E.; Arnon, R.; Safadi, R.; Wengrower, D. 1997: Esophagitis is a major cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in the elderly. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 32(9): 906-909
Temes, R.T.; Wong, R.S.; Davis, M.; Kessler, R.M.; Wernly, J.A. 1995: Esophago-airway fistula in AIDS. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 60(2): 440-442
Akimaru, K.; Kokuma, M.; Hideshima, A.; Gotoh, M.; Shibuya, T.; Shoji, T. 1993: Esophago-jejuno-duodenal anastomoses with an ultra-short duodenum. Surgery Today 23(11): 1035-1037
Kidder, T.M. 1995: Esophago/Pharyngo/Laryngeal Interrelationships: Airway Protection Mechanisms. Dysphagia 10(4): 228-231
Iwamoto, I.; Tomita, Y.; Takasaki, M.; Mine, K.; Koga, Y.; Nabeshima, K.; Takechi, Y. 1995: Esophagoaortic fistula caused by esophageal tuberculosis: Report of a case. Surgery Today 25(4): 381-384
Horikoshi, T.; Horie, T.; Sekiguchi, T.; Kawamura, O.; Kusano, M.; Mori, M.; Nakamura, S.; Ohwada, S. 1995: Esophagocardioplasty for achalasia in closure of a complicated esophagobronchial fistula. American Journal of Gastroenterology 90(8): 1348-1349
De Lange, E.E.; Shaffer, H.A.; Holt, P.D. 1994: Esophagoenteric anastomotic leaks: treatment with fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation. AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 162(1): 51-54
Ellis, F.H.; Heatley, G.J.; Krasna, M.J.; Williamson, W.A.; Balogh, K. 1997: Esophagogastrectomy for carcinoma of the esophagus and cardia: A comparison of findings and results after standard resection in three consecutive eight-year intervals with improved staging criteria. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 113(5): 836
de Gara, C.J.; Payne-James, J.J.; Silk, D.B.; Misiewicz, J.J.; Menzies-Gow, N. 1992: Esophagogastrectomy: a consecutive single-center series. Hepato-Gastroenterology 39(6): 515-519
Matory, Y.L.; Burt, M. 1993: Esophagogastrectomy: Reoperation for complications. Journal of Surgical Oncology 54(1): 29-33
Geller, A.; Gostout, C.J. 1998: Esophagogastric hematoma mimicking a malignant neoplasm: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 73(4): 342-345
Johnson, A.C.; Lester, P.D.; Johnson, S.; Sudarsanam, D.; Dunn, D. 1992: Esophagogastric ring: why and when we see it, and what it implies: a radiologic-pathologic correlation. Southern Medical Journal 85(10): 946-952
Benhamou, P.H.; Cheikh, A.; De Boissieu, D.; Dupont, C. 1994: Esophagogastritis in the newborn. Acta Endoscopica 24(2): 157-161
Wang Yan Bo, K.Y.Y.ng; Cai Dan Long 1996: Esophagogastrostomy encircled by sero-muscular gastric wall flap after resection of stomach cancer. Zhongguo Zhongliu Linchuang 23(9): 632-634
Qiu Dehui, Z.R.; Shih, M. Jiang, H. Zhang Yanying 1996: Esophagogastrostomy of esophagoenterostomy with a operative esophageal catheter. Acta Academiae Medicinae Shanghai 23(2): 114-116
Lu, S.; Qin, Z.; Liang, J. 1997: Esophagogastrostomy through route of esophagus after esophagectomy: A report of 58 cases of esophageal or cardial carcinoma. Xi'an Yike Daxue Xuebao 18(4): 497-498
Galindo, F.; Fernandez-Marty, A., P.; Monestes, J.; Poli, A., L.; Dosantos, R., A.; Arce, J., M. 1993: Esophagojejunal anastomosis: Technique and results. Prensa Medica Argentina 80(3): 157-162
Ikeda, Y.; Minagawa, S.; Koyanagi, N.; Tateishi, H.; Sugimachi, K. 1997: Esophagojejunostomy with manual single layer suturing after a total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Journal of Surgical Oncology 66(2): 127-129
Gill, C.; Morrison, M.D. 1998: Esophagolaryngeal reflex in a porcine animal model. Journal of Otolaryngology 27(2): 76-80
Ohtake, M.; Saito, H.; Okuno, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Ohgimi, T. 1996: Esophagomediastinal fistula as a complication of tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenitis. Internal Medicine 35(12): 984-986
Avis, S.P. 1996: Esophagopericardial fistula: an unusual cause of sudden unexpected death. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology 17(1): 83-85
Shaker, R.; Milbrath, M.; Ren, J.; Toohill, R.; Hogan, W.J.; Li, Q.; Hofmann, C.L. 1995: Esophagopharyngeal distribution of refluxed gastric acid in patients with reflux laryngitis. Gastroenterology 109(5): 1575-1582
Massard, G.; Ducrocq, X.; Hentz, J.G.; Kessler, R.; Dumont, P.; Wihlm, J.M.; Morand, G. 1994: Esophagopleural fistula: An early and long-term complication after pneumonectomy. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 58(5): 1437-40; discussion 1441
Goldin, G.F.; Marcinkiewicz, M.; Zbroch, T.; Bityutskiy, L.P.; McCallum, R.W.; Sarosiek, J. 1997: Esophagoprotective potential of cisapride. An additional benefit for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 42(7): 1362-1369
Do, Y.S.; Song, H.Y.; Lee, B.H.; Byun, H.S.; Kim, K.H.; Chin, S.Y.; Park, J.H. 1993: Esophagorespiratory fistula associated with esophageal cancer: treatment with a Gianturco stent tube. Radiology 187(3): 673-677
Han, Y.M.; Song, H.Y.; Lee, J.M.; Cho, S.I.; Chung, G.H.; Kim, C.S.; Sohn, M.H.; Choi, K.C. 1996: Esophagorespiratory fistulae due to esophageal carcinoma: palliation with a covered Gianturco stent. Radiology 199(1): 65-70
Levine, P.B.; Smallwood, L.J.; Buback, J.L. 1997: Esophagostomy tubes as a method of nutritional management in cats: a retrospective study. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 33(5): 405-410
Crowe, D.T.; Devey, J.J. 1997: Esophagostomy tubes for feeding and decompression: clinical experience in 29 small animal patients. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 33(5): 393-403
Oakes, M.G.; Hosgood, G.; Snider, T.G.; Hedlund, C.S.; Crawford, M.P. 1993: Esophagotomy closure in the dog. A comparison of a double-layer appositional and two single-layer appositional techniques. Veterinary Surgery: Vs 22(6): 451-456
Hoffmann, A.; Koerfgen, P.; Rupprecht, H. 1993: Esophagus duplication in primary bronchiogenic cyst: Case report and literature review. Chirurg 64(9): 744-747
Kenny, B.; Lai, L.C.; Finlay, B.B.; Donnenberg, M.S. 1996: EspA, a protein secreted by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, is required to induce signals in epithelial cells. Molecular Microbiology 20(2): 313-323
Wainwright, L.A.; Kaper, J.B. 1998: EspB and EspD require a specific chaperone for proper secretion from enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. Molecular Microbiology 27(6): 1247-1260
Deibel, C.; Krämer, S.; Chakraborty, T.; Ebel, F. 1998: EspE, a novel secreted protein of attaching and effacing bacteria, is directly translocated into infected host cells, where it appears as a tyrosine-phosphorylated 90 kDa protein. Molecular Microbiology 28(3): 463-474
Brunder, W.; Schmidt, H.; Karch, H. 1997: EspP, a novel extracellular serine protease of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 cleaves human coagulation factor V. Molecular Microbiology 24(4): 767-778
Velisevich, S.N.; Goroshkevich, S.N. 1997: Especiality of dormant bud development of Pinus sibirica Du Tour. Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 54(3): 261-266
Beutler, J.A.; Clark, P.; Alvarado, A.B.; Golik, J. 1994: Esperamicin P, the tetrasulfide analog of esperamicin A1. Journal of Natural Products 57(5): 629-633
Dauget, Jean Marc 1994: Essay of comparison between corals and plants architecture. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section A Zoologie Biologie et Ecologie Animales 16(1): 39-53
Nel, A. 1992: Essay of revision of the fossil Berytidae (Heteroptera, Pentatomorpha). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section C Sciences de la Terre Paleontologie Geologie Mineralogie 14(3-4): 275-287
Fritz, M., A.; Pagliano, G. 1992: Essay on Lophomutilla Mickel and Pertyella Mickel (Hymenoptera Mutillidae). Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 124(3): 209-220
Hatzenberger, F. 1994: Essay on the evolution of vegetal ecosystems in Martinique and Guadeloupe during the last three centuries. Biogeographica (Paris) 70(3): 139-154
Kingsland, S.E. 1994: Essay review: The history of ecology. Journal of the History of Biology 27(373): 349-357
Malyshev, L.; Nimis, P.-Luigi; Bolognini, G. 1994: Essays on the modelling of spatial floristic diversity in Europe: British Isles, West Germany, and East Europe. Flora (Jena) 189(1): 79-88
Zhang, Y.; Fillingame, R.H. 1994: Essential aspartate in subunit c of F1F0 ATP synthase. Effect of position 61 substitutions in helix-2 on function of Asp24 in helix-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(7): 5473-5479
de Leon, M.; Wang, Y.; Jones, L.; Perez-Reyes, E.; Wei, X.; Soong, T.W.; Snutch, T.P.; Yue, D.T. 1995: Essential Ca(2+)-binding motif for Ca(2+)-sensitive inactivation of L-type Ca2+ channels. Science 270(5241): 1502-1506
Bao, W.; Threefoot, S.A.; Srinivasan, S.R.; Berenson, G.S. 1995: Essential hypertension predicted by tracking of elevated blood pressure from childhood to adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Hypertension 8(7): 657-665
Phadke, N.Y.; Gholap, A.S.; Ramakrishnan, K.; Subbulakshmi, G. 1994: Essential Oil of Decalepis hamiltonii as an Antimicrobial Agent. Journal of Food Science and Technology (Mysore) 31(6): 472-475
Ribas, J.C.; Fujimura, T.; Wickner, R.B. 1994: Essential RNA binding and packaging domains of the Gag-Pol fusion protein of the L-A double-stranded RNA virus of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(45): 28420-28428
Gabuzda, D.H.; Li, H.; Lawrence, K.; Vasir, B.S.; Crawford, K.; Langhoff, E. 1994: Essential role of vif in establishing productive HIV-1 infection in peripheral blood T lymphocytes and monocyte/macrophages. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 7(9): 908-915
Cooke, R.A. 1996: Essential acquired cold urticaria: stimulated only by systemic as well as local cooling. Occupational Medicine 46(2): 157-158
Kim, S.W.; Lee, J.; Song, M.S.; Choi, S.Y.; Cho, S.W. 1997: Essential active-site lysine of brain glutamate dehydrogenase isoproteins. Journal of Neurochemistry 69(1): 418-422
Pearcy, S.D.; Murphy, M.E. 1997: Essential amino acid metabolism in molting and non-molting sparrows in different nutritional states. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 118(4): 1157-1163,.
Shen, B.; Nolan, J.P.; Sklar, L.A.; Park, M.S. 1996: Essential amino acids for substrate binding and catalysis of human flap endonuclease 1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(16): 9173-9176
Peoples, A.D.; Lochmiller, R.L.; Leslie, D.M.; Jr.; Boren, J.C.; Engle, D.M. 1994: Essential amino acids in northern bobwhite foods. Journal of Wildlife Management 58(1): 167-175
Singh, J.S.; Taylor, K.G.; Doyle, R.J. 1993: Essential amino acids involved in glucan-dependent aggregation of Streptococcus sobrinus. Carbohydrate Research 244(1): 137-147
Dudek, S.M.; Semenkovich, C.F. 1995: Essential amino acids regulate fatty acid synthase expression through an uncharged transfer RNA-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(49): 29323-29329
Kazawa, T. 1996: Essential and clinical studies on multi-antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated during gastroenterological surgery. Nichidai Igaku Zasshi 55(11): 605-616
Crompton, D.; Todman, M.; Wilkin, M.; Ji, S.; Davies, J. 1995: Essential and neural transcripts from the Drosophila shaking-B locus are differentially expressed in the embryonic mesoderm and pupal nervous system. Developmental Biology 170(1): 142-158
Kimura, T.; Kadokawa, Y.; Harada, H.; Matsumoto, M.; Sato, M.; Kashiwazaki, Y.; Tarutani, M.; Tan, R.S.; Takasugi, T.; Matsuyama, T.; Mak, T.W.; Noguchi, S.; Taniguchi, T. 1996: Essential and non-redundant roles of p48 (ISGF3 gamma) and IRF-1 in both type I and type II interferon responses, as revealed by gene targeting studies. Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms 1(1): 115-124
Ljubić, A.; Cvetković, M.; Sulović, V.; Novakov, A.; Kokai, D.; Bujko, M.; Jovanović, T.; Vukolić, D. 1997: Essential and nonessential amino acids in appropriate and small for gestational age fetuses with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology 24(4): 206-208
Liu, X.; Li, B.; GorovskyMA 1996: Essential and nonessential histone H2A variants in Tetrahymena thermophila. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16(8): 4305-4311
Zhang, W.; Bone, J.R.; Edmondson, D.G.; Turner, B.M.; Roth, S.Y. 1998: Essential and redundant functions of histone acetylation revealed by mutation of target lysines and loss of the Gcn5p acetyltransferase. EMBO Journal 17(11): 3155-3167
Perreault-Micale, C.L.; Jancsó, A.; Szent-Györgyi, A.G. 1996: Essential and regulatory light chains of Placopecten striated and catch muscle myosins. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility 17(5): 533-542
Bush, V.J.; Moyer, T.P.; Batts, K.P.; Parisi, J.E. 1995: Essential and toxic element concentrations in fresh and formalin-fixed human autopsy tissues. Clinical Chemistry 41(2): 284-294
Krajcovicova Kudlackova, M.; Simoncic, R.; Babinska, K.; Bederova, A.; Ondreicka, R.; Grancicova, E. 1996: Essential antioxidant levels in the plasma of vegetarians. Cor et Vasa 38(1): 18-21
Boivin, D.; Lin, W.; Béliveau, R. 1997: Essential arginine residues in isoprenylcysteine protein carboxyl methyltransferase. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 75(1): 63-69
Inoue, H.; Noumi, T.; Tsuchiya, T.; Kanazawa, H. 1995: Essential aspartic acid residues, Asp-133, Asp-163 and Asp-164, in the transmembrane helices of a Na+/H+ antiporter (NhaA) from Escherichia coli. FEBS Letters 363(3): 264-268
Puddu, P.; Molinotti, C.; Fontana, L.; Nicoletti, M.; Mangiafico, P. 1992: Essential bilateral iridoschisis: Description of a clinical case and a survey of the references. Annali di Ottalmologia e Clinica Oculistica 118(12): 1371-1378
Koldamova, R.P.; Lefterov, I.M.; Gadjeva, V.G.; Lazo, J.S. 1998: Essential binding and functional domains of human bleomycin hydrolase. Biochemistry 37(8): 2282-2290
Riedel, E.; Hampl, H.; Nündel, M.; Farshidfar, G. 1992: Essential branched-chain amino acids and alpha-ketoanalogues in haemodialysis patients. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 7(2): 117-120
Kraus, L.M.; Jones, M.R.; Kraus, A.P. 1998: Essential carbamoyl-amino acids formed in vivo in patients with end-stage renal disease managed by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: Isolation, identification, and quantitation. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 131(5): 425-431
Burrows, H.M.; Rastall, R.A. 1998: Essential carboxyl and tryptophan residues in jack bean alpha-D-mannosidase. Phytochemistry 48(2): 257-260
Jeschke, D. 1996: Essential cardiological diagnostics for people going in for sport. Deutsche Zeitschrift fuer Sportmedizin 47(SPEC ISSUE): 138-143
Larose, M.; Cassard-Doulcier, A.M.; Fleury, C.; Serra, F.; Champigny, O.; Bouillaud, F.; Ricquier, D. 1996: Essential cis-acting elements in rat uncoupling protein gene are in an enhancer containing a complex retinoic acid response domain. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(49): 31533-31542
Woo, M.; Hakem, R.; Soengas, M.S.; Duncan, G.S.; Shahinian, A.; Kägi, D.; Hakem, A.; McCurrach, M.; Khoo, W.; Kaufman, S.A.; Senaldi, G.; Howard, T.; Lowe, S.W.; Mak, T.W. 1998: Essential contribution of caspase 3/CPP32 to apoptosis and its associated nuclear changes. Genes and Development 12(6): 806-819
Baumgärtel, M.W.; Sunderkötter, C.; Glöckner, W.M.; Kolde, G. 1994: Essential cryofibrinogenemia with generalized livedo racemosa. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie Venerologie und verwandte Gebiete 45(4): 243-248
Tohgo, A.; Takasawa, S.; Noguchi, N.; Koguma, T.; Nata, K.; Sugimoto, T.; Furuya, Y.; Yonekura, H.; Okamoto, H. 1994: Essential cysteine residues for cyclic ADP-ribose synthesis and hydrolysis by CD38. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(46): 28555-28557
Salleh, H.M.; Patel, M.A.; Woodard, R.W. 1996: Essential cysteines in 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid 8-phosphate synthase from Escherichia coli: analysis by chemical modification and site-directed mutagenesis. Biochemistry 35(27): 8942-8947
Contreras, J.A.; Lasunción, M.A. 1994: Essential differences in cholesteryl ester metabolism between human monocyte-derived and J774 macrophages. Evidence against the presence of hormone-sensitive lipase in human macrophages. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis: a Journal of Vascular Biology 14(3): 443-452
Rain, J.C.; Tartakoff, A.M.; Krämer, A.; Legrain, P. 1996: Essential domains of the PRP21 splicing factor are implicated in the binding to PRP9 and PRP11 proteins and are conserved through evolution. Rna 2(6): 535-550
Weerasuriya, K. 1993: Essential drugs and registration of pharmaceuticals: the Sri Lankan experience. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 71(2): 229-235
Anonymous 1994: Essential drugs for cancer chemotherapy. WHO consultation. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 72(5): 693-698
Agwanda, R.O.; Kwamanga, D.O.; Kiugu, S.K. 1996: Essential drugs supply and usage as a reflection of outpatient morbidity in Kirinyaga District, Kenya. East African Medical Journal 73(2): 120-125
Yamaguchi, H.; van Aalten, D.M.; Pinak, M.; Furukawa, A.; Osman, R. 1998: Essential dynamics of DNA containing a cis.syn cyclobutane thymine dimer lesion. Nucleic Acids Research 26(8): 1939-1946
Peters, G.H.; van Aalten, D.M.; Svendsen, A.; Bywater, R. 1997: Essential dynamics of lipase binding sites: the effect of inhibitors of different chain length. Protein Engineering 10(2): 149-158
Amadei, A.; Linssen, A.B.; Berendsen, H.J. 1993: Essential dynamics of proteins. Proteins 17(4): 412-425
Malinowski, A.; Szpakowski, M.; Tchórzewski, H.; Zeman, K.; Oszukowski, P.; Podciechowski, L. 1994: Essential edema-proteinuria-hypertension (EPH) gestosis and gestosis superimposing pre-existing renal disease: comparison of cellular immunity parameters. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 42(5-6): 387-391
Sola-Azcoiti, S.; Perez, A.M.rtin 1996: Essential elements in meat products: Bibliographical review of origin, content, and legislation. Alimentaria 34(273): 31-38
Gyimothy, J. 1995: Essential elements of the foodstuff law and consumer's protection, prevalent in the internal market of the European union. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 50(5): 270-272
Moseley, L.L.; Jan, N. 1997: Essential evolution. Theory in Biosciences 116(2): 140-144
Stĕpánková, R.; Funda, D.P.; Smetana, K. 1996: Essential fatty acid deficiency and bone fragility in rats. Folia Biologica 42(5): 257-259
Wey, H.E.; Pyron, L.; Woolery, M. 1993: Essential fatty acid deficiency in cultured human keratinocytes attenuates toxicity due to lipid peroxidation. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 120(1): 72-79
Peet, M.; Laugharne, J.D.; Mellor, J.; Ramchand, C.N. 1996: Essential fatty acid deficiency in erythrocyte membranes from chronic schizophrenic patients, and the clinical effects of dietary supplementation. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 55(1-2): 71-75
Lee, E.J.; Simmer, K.; Gibson, R.A. 1993: Essential fatty acid deficiency in parenterally fed preterm infants. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 29(1): 51-55
Roulet, M.; Frascarolo, P.; Rappaz, I.; Pilet, M. 1997: Essential fatty acid deficiency in well nourished young cystic fibrosis patients. European Journal of Pediatrics 156(12): 952-956,.
D'Apice, A.J.; Kalina, S.; McKenzie, A.; Polihronis, M.; Eadie, P.; Pollock, B.; Pearse, M.J.; Sinclair, A.J.; O'Brien, B.M. 1993: Essential fatty acid deficiency increases interstitial IA-positive cells in rat kidney and accelerates renal allograft rejection. Transplantation 55(2): 259-263
Benhamou, P.Y.; Mullen, Y.; Clare-Salzler, M.; Sangkharat, A.; Benhamou, C.; Shevlin, L.; Go, V.L. 1995: Essential fatty acid deficiency prevents autoimmune diabetes in nonobese diabetic mice through a positive impact on antigen-presenting cells and Th2 lymphocytes. Pancreas 11(1): 26-37
Wright, J.R.; Fraser, R.B.; Kapoor, S.; Cook, H.W. 1995: Essential fatty acid deficiency prevents multiple low-dose streptozotocin-induced diabetes in naive and cyclosporin-treated low-responder murine strains. Acta Diabetologica 32(2): 125-130
Uauy-Dagach, R.; Mena, P.; Hoffman, D.R. 1994: Essential fatty acid metabolism and requirements for LBW infants. Acta Paediatrica . Supplement 405: 78-85
Das, U.N.; Kumar, K.V.; Ramesh, G. 1994: Essential fatty acid metabolism in South Indians. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 50(5): 253-255
Hrelia, S.; Biagi, P.L.; Lorenzini, A.; Lopez Jimenez, J.A.; Horrobin, D.F.; Bordoni, A. 1997: Essential fatty acid metabolism in cardiomyocytes grown in media enriched with different N-6/N-3 fatty acid combinations. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 41(2): 423-430
Kang, J.X.; Man, S.F.; Brown, N.E.; Labrecque, P.A.; Garg, M.L.; Clandinin, M.T. 1992: Essential fatty acid metabolism in cultured human airway epithelial cells. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1128(2-3): 267-274
Hrelia, S.; Lopez Jimenez, J.A.; Bordoni, A.; Nvarro, S.Z.; Horrobin, D.F.; Rossi, C.A.; Biagi, P.L. 1995: Essential fatty acid metabolism in cultured rat cardiomyocytes in response to either N-6 or N-3 fatty acid supplementation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 216(1): 11-19
Das, U.N. 1995: Essential fatty acid metabolism in patients with essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 52(6): 387-391
Yehuda, S.; Carasso, R.L.; Mostofsky, D.I. 1994: Essential fatty acid preparation (SR-3) raises the seizure threshold in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 254(1-2): 193-198
Yehuda, S.; Carraso, R.L.; Mostofsky, D.I. 1995: Essential fatty acid preparation (SR-3) rehabilitates learning deficits induced by AF64A and 5,7-DHT. Neuroreport 6(3): 511-515
Yehuda, S.; Rabinovitz, S.; Mostofsky, D.I.; Huberman, M.; Sredni, B. 1997: Essential fatty acid preparation improves biochemical and cognitive functions in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 328(1): 23-29
van Houwelingen, A.C.; Puls, J.; Hornstra, G. 1992: Essential fatty acid status during early human development. Early Human Development 31(2): 97-111
Foreman-van Drongelen, M.M.; Zeijdner, E.E.; van Houwelingen, A.C.; Kester, A.D.; Al, M.D.; Hasaart, T.H.; Hornstra, G. 1996: Essential fatty acid status measured in umbilical vessel walls of infants born after a multiple pregnancy. Early Human Development 46(3): 205-215
van Houwelingen, A.C.; Foreman-van Drongelen, M.M.; Nicolini, U.; Nicolaides, K.H.; Al, M.D.; Kester, A.D.; Hornstra, G. 1996: Essential fatty acid status of fetal plasma phospholipids: similar to postnatal values obtained at comparable gestational ages. Early Human Development 46(1-2): 141-152
Jenkins, A.P.; Green, A.T.; Thompson, R.P. 1996: Essential fatty acid supplementation in chronic hepatitis B. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 10(4): 665-668
Stevens, E.J.; Lockett, M.J.; Carrington, A.L.; Tomlinson, D.R. 1993: Essential fatty acid treatment prevents nerve ischaemia and associated conduction anomalies in rats with experimental diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia 36(5): 397-401
Autore, G.; Cicala, C.; Cirino, G.; Maiello, F.M.; Mascolo, N.; Capasso, F. 1994: Essential fatty acid-deficient diet modifies PAF levels in stomach and duodenum of endotoxin-treated rats. Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling 9(2): 145-153
Nilsson, A.; Horrobin, D.F.; Rosengren, A.; Waller, L.; Adlerberth, A.; Wilhelmsen, L. 1996: Essential fatty acids and abnormal involuntary movements in the general male population: A study of men born in 1933. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 55(1-2): 83-87
De Stefani, E.; Deneo-Pellegrini, H.; Mendilaharsu, M.; Ronco, A. 1998: Essential fatty acids and breast cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. International Journal of Cancer 76(4): 491-494
Descomps, B.; Rodriguez, A. 1995: Essential fatty acids and prematurity: a triple experimental approach. Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de ses Filiales 189(5): 781-796
Yehuda, S.; Rabinovitz, S.; Mostofsky, D.I. 1998: Essential fatty acids and sleep: mini-review and hypothesis. Medical Hypotheses 50(2): 139-145
Yagaloff, K.A.; Franco, L.; Simko, B.; Burghardt, B. 1995: Essential fatty acids are antagonists of the leukotriene B4 receptor. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 52(5): 293-297
Tollesson, A.; Frithz, A.; Berg, A.; Karlman, G. 1993: Essential fatty acids in infantile seborrheic dermatitis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 28(6): 957-961
Melnik, G. 1995: Essential fatty acids in pathogenesis, prophylaxis, and therapy of atopic eczema. Allergologie 18(1): 2-6
Hornstra, G.; Al, M.D.; van Houwelingen, A.C.; Foreman-van Drongelen, M.M. 1995: Essential fatty acids in pregnancy and early human development. European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 61(1): 57-62
Horrobin, D.F. 1997: Essential fatty acids in the management of impaired nerve function in diabetes. Diabetes 46(Suppl): S90-S93
Collins, A.; Cerin, A.; Coleman, G.; Landgren, B.M. 1993: Essential fatty acids in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. Obstetrics and Gynecology 81(1): 93-98
Johnson, J.A.; Griswold, J.A.; Muakkassa, F.F. 1993: Essential fatty acids influence survival in sepsis. Journal of Trauma 35(1): 128-131
Brenner, R.R.; Bernasconi, A.M. 1997: Essential fatty acids on n-6 and n-3 series supplied to human diet by edible fish from Parana River. Medicina (Buenos Aires) 57(3): 307-314
Hibbeln, J.R.; Linnoila, M.; Umhau, J.C.; Rawlings, R.; George, D.T.; Salem, N. 1998: Essential fatty acids predict metabolites of serotonin and dopamine in cerebrospinal fluid among healthy control subjects, and early- and late-onset alcoholics. Biological Psychiatry 44(4): 235-242
Stoll, B.A. 1998: Essential fatty acids, insulin resistance, and breast cancer risk. Nutrition and Cancer 31(1): 72-77
Venuta, A.; Spanò, C.; Laudizi, L.; Bettelli, F.; Beverelli, A.; Turchetto, E. 1996: Essential fatty acids: the effects of dietary supplementation among children with recurrent respiratory infections. Journal of International Medical Research 24(4): 325-330
Sainis, J., K.; Valli, G.; Rao, Y.V.; Rastogi, R. 1994: Essential features of digital image processing and it's applications in life sciences. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 32(1): 1-13
Gupta, S.; Jain, S.K. 1996: Essential features of vectors used for molecular cloning of eukaryotic genes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India, Section B, Biological Sciences 66(3): 207-226
Roberts, S.M.; Winston, F. 1997: Essential functional interactions of SAGA, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae complex of Spt, Ada, and Gcn5 proteins, with the Snf/Swi and Srb/mediator complexes. Genetics 147(2): 451-465
Lappalainen, P.; Fedorov, E.V.; Fedorov, A.A.; Almo, S.C.; Drubin, D.G. 1997: Essential functions and actin-binding surfaces of yeast cofilin revealed by systematic mutagenesis. EMBO Journal 16(18): 5520-5530
Nutt, S.L.; Urbánek, P.; Rolink, A.; Busslinger, M. 1997: Essential functions of Pax5 (BSAP) in pro-B cell development: difference between fetal and adult B lymphopoiesis and reduced V-to-DJ recombination at the IgH locus. Genes and Development 11(4): 476-491
Lamb, R.F.; Ozanne, B.W.; Roy, C.; Mcgarry, L.; Stipp, C.; Mangeat, P.; Jay, D.G. 1997: Essential functions of ezrin in maintenance of cell shape and lamellipodial extension in normal and transformed fibroblasts. Current Biology: Cb 7(9): 682-688
Isla, M.I.; Vattuone, M.A.; Sampietro, A.R. 1998: Essential groups at the active site of Trapaeolum invertase. Phytochemistry (oxford). 47(7): 1189-1193
Noppen, M.; Vincken, W. 1997: Essential hyperhidrosis in Turner syndrome. Clinical Genetics 52(1): 63-64
Ishigami, T.; Umemura, S.; Tamura, K.; Hibi, K.; Nyui, N.; Kihara, M.; Yabana, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Sumida, Y.; Nagahara, T.; Ochiai, H.; Ishii, M. 1997: Essential hypertension and 5' upstream core promoter region of human angiotensinogen gene. Hypertension 30(6): 1325-1330
Kuusisto, J.; Koivisto, K.; Mykkänen, L.; Helkala, E.L.; Vanhanen, M.; Hänninen, T.; Pyörälä, K.; Riekkinen, P.; Laakso, M. 1993: Essential hypertension and cognitive function. The role of hyperinsulinemia. Hypertension 22(5): 771-779
Akimura, T.; Furutani, Y.; Jimi, Y.; Saito, K.; Kashiwagi, S.; Kato, S.; Ito, H. 1995: Essential hypertension and neurovascular compression at the ventrolateral medulla oblongata: MR evaluation. Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 16(2): 401-405
Kotanko, P.; Binder, A.; Tasker, J.; DeFreitas, P.; Kamdar, S.; Clark, A.J.; Skrabal, F.; Caulfield, M. 1997: Essential hypertension in African Caribbeans associates with a variant of the beta2-adrenoceptor. Hypertension 30(4): 773-776
Lender, D.; Arauz-Pacheco, C.; Adams-Huet, B.; Raskin, P. 1997: Essential hypertension is associated with decreased insulin clearance and insulin resistance. Hypertension 29(1 Part 1): 111-114
Castillo-Puga, U.; Butron-Lopez, F., G. 1994: Essential hypertension treated with ACE inhibitors: Cilazapril and enalapril. Investigacion Medica Internacional 21(4): 135-141
Garg, V.K.; Pepper, G.M. 1995: Essential hypertension: could the basic defect be in blood supply of vasomotor centre?. Medical Hypotheses 45(3): 287-291
Anwer, U.E. 1998: Essential investigations of patients with suspected TIAs. European Neurology 39(Suppl): 17-20
Harada, A.; Sekido, N.; Akahoshi, T.; Wada, T.; Mukaida, N.; Matsushima, K. 1994: Essential involvement of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in acute inflammation. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 56(5): 559-564
Akahoshi, T.; Endo, H.; Kondo, H.; Kashiwazaki, S.; Kasahara, T.; Mukaida, N.; Harada, A.; Matsushima, K. 1994: Essential involvement of interleukin-8 in neutrophil recruitment in rabbits with acute experimental arthritis induced by lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1. Lymphokine and Cytokine Research 13(2): 113-116
Scorolli, L.; Scalinci, S.Z.; Scorolli, L.; Muraca, G. 1992: Essential iris atrophia: A case of atypical evolution. Annali di Ottalmologia e Clinica Oculistica 118(12): 1331-1338
John, S.W.; Smith, R.S.; Savinova, O.V.; Hawes, N.L.; Chang, B.; Turnbull, D.; Davisson, M.; Roderick, T.H.; Heckenlively, J.R. 1998: Essential iris atrophy, pigment dispersion, and glaucoma in DBA/2J mice. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 39(6): 951-962
Katoh, T.; Numata, T.; Konishi, K.; Furuya, K.; Yazawa, M. 1997: Essential light chain exchange in smooth muscle myosin. Analytical Biochemistry 253(1): 78-84
Edwards, K.A.; Chang, X.J.; Kiehart, D.P. 1995: Essential light chain of Drosophila nonmuscle myosin II. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility 16(5): 491-498
Wang, J.; Lenardo, M.J. 1997: Essential lymphocyte function associated 1 (LFA-1): intercellular adhesion molecule interactions for T cell-mediated B cell apoptosis by Fas/APO-1/CD95. Journal of Experimental Medicine 186(7): 1171-1176
Laporte, J. 1997: Essential membership. Philosophy of Science 64(1): 96-112
Gamliel, Z.; DeBiasse, M.A.; Demling, R.H. 1996: Essential microminerals and their response to burn injury. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 17(3): 264-272
Dupin, N.; Chosidow, O.; Lunel, F.; Cacoub, P.; Musset, L.; Cresta, P.; Frangeul, L.; Piette, J.C.; Godeau, P.; Opolon, P. 1995: Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia. A comparative study of dermatologic manifestations in patients infected or noninfected with hepatitis C virus. Archives of Dermatology 131(10): 1124-1127
Pujol, M.; Ribera, J.M.; Jimenez, C.; Ribera, A.; Abad, E.; Feliu, E. 1998: Essential monoclonal gammopathy with an IgM paraprotein that is a cryoglobulin with cold agglutinin and EDTA-dependent platelet antibody properties. British Journal of Haematology 100(3): 603-604
Berzal-Herranz, A.; Joseph, S.; Chowrira, B.M.; Butcher, S.E.; Burke, J.M. 1993: Essential nucleotide sequences and secondary structure elements of the hairpin ribozyme. EMBO Journal 12(6): 2567-2573
Kokdil, G.; Tanker, M.; Kurucu, S.; Topcu, G. 1997: Essential oil analysis of Nepeta cilicica Boiss. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 12(2): 99-101
Milos, M.; Radonic, A. 1996: Essential oil and glycosidically bound volatile compounds from Croatian Cupressus sempervirens L. Acta Pharmaceutica 46(4): 309-314
Mastelic, J.; Kustrak, D. 1997: Essential oil and glycosidically bound volatiles in aromatic plants. I. Lavandin (Lavandula hybrida Reverchon). Acta Pharmaceutica 47(2): 133-138
Mastelic, J.; Kustrak, D. 1997: Essential oil and glycosidically bound volatiles in aromatic plants. II: Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L., Lamiaceae). Acta Pharmaceutica 47(2): 139-142
Takeda, O.; Miki, E.; Terabayashi, S.; Okada, M.; He, S.-An; Zhu, Y.-Chang 1997: Essential oil components in commercial samples of the Chinese crude drug, Cangzhu (Soujutsu in Japanese) and their botanical origins. Natural Medicines 51(6): 499-503
Ciccio, J.F. 1996: Essential oil components in leaves and stems of Piper bisasperatum (Piperaceae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 44-45(3-1): 35-38
Kulevanova, S.; Ristic, M.; Stafilov, T.; Dorevski, K. 1996: Essential oil composition of Thymus tosevii ssp. tosevii var. longifrons. Acta Pharmaceutica 46(4): 303-308
Novruzova, Z.A.; Kasumov, F.Y. 1990: Essential oil content in various ecological types of some Caucasian Thymus L. species. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaidzhana Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk 1990(2): 38-44
Montes, M., A.; Valenzuela, L.; Wilkomirsky, T.; Bello, H.; Valladares, G. 1992: Essential oil from Origanum vulgare L.: Components and antimicrobial activity. Anales de la Real Academia de Farmacia 58(4): 509-518
Ruberto, G.; Biondi, D.; Rapisarda, P.; Renda, A.; Starrantino, A. 1997: Essential oil of cami, a new citrus hybrid. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45(8): 3206-3210
Motskute, D.; Bernotene, G. 1998: Essential oil of lemon-scented Thymus pulegioides L. from Vilnius vicinity. Rastitel'nye Resursy 34(1): 131-134
Umemoto, K. 1993: Essential oil of self-pollinated plants of Mentha japonica Makino containing menthone and pulegone (Chemical constituents of wild mints: Part XVIII). Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(2): 145-147
Ruberto, G.; Renda, A.; Piattelli, M.; Rapisarda, P.; Starrantino, A. 1997: Essential oil of two new pigmented citrus hybrids, Citrus clementina X Citrus sinensis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45(2): 467-471
Slani, U. 1992: Essential oil plants in Albania. Rastitel'nye Resursy 28(2): 101-104
Ciccio, J.F. 1996: Essential oils of Drimys granadensis (Winteraceae) leaves and green fruits. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44-45(3-1): 29-33
Kokkini, S.; Karousou, R.; Lanaras, T. 1997: Essential oils with 1,2-epoxy-p-menthane derivatives from Mentha spicata plants growing across the Island of Crete. Botanica Acta 110(2): 184-189
Singh, G.; Upadhyay, R.-Krishna 1993: Essential oils: A potent source of natural pesticides. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 52(10): 676-683
Itoh, M.; Yano, A.; Xie, Q.; Iwahashi, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Meroni, P.L.; Nicoletti, F. 1998: Essential pathogenic role for endogenous interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) during disease onset phase of murine experimental autoimmune orchitis. I. In vivo studies. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 111(3): 513-520
Tani, M.; Inoue, H.; Hayashi, H.; Mizumaki, K.; Fujiki, A. 1997: Essential pathway of reentry in the canine model of atrial flutter. Analysis using radiofrequency ablation. Japanese Heart Journal 38(3): 419-432
Ovchinnikov, A.A.; Tsvettsikh, V.E.; Berdichevskiĭ, B.A.; Lykov, V.N.; Suktanbaev, V.R.; Murychev, A.V. 1996: Essential phospholipids in the treatment of chronic pyelonephritis. Urologiia i Nefrologiia 1996(4): 7-9
Dunstan, G., A.; Volkman, J., K.; Barrett, S., M.; Leroi, J.-Marie; Jeffrey, S.W. 1994: Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids from 14 species of diatom (Bacillariophyceae). Phytochemistry 35(1): 155-161
Mittanck, D.W.; Kim, S.W.; Rotwein, P. 1997: Essential promoter elements are located within the 5' untranslated region of human insulin-like growth factor-I exon I. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 126(2): 153-163
Bettcher, D.W.; Sapirie, S.; Goon, E.H. 1998: Essential public health functions: results of the international Delphi study. World Health Statistics Quarterly. Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales 51(1): 44-54
Shen, T.; Na, S.; Xiao, W.; Jia, P. 1996: Essential region for self-replication of Coryneform bacteria plasmid pXZ10145. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 36(3): 168-172
Juo, P.; Kuo, C.J.; Yuan, J.; Blenis, J. 1998: Essential requirement for caspase-8/FLICE in the initiation of the Fas-induced apoptotic cascade. Current Biology: Cb 8(18): 1001-1008
Dana, R.; Leto, T.L.; Malech, H.L.; Levy, R. 1998: Essential requirement of cytosolic phospholipase A2 for activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(1): 441-445
Akamatsu, Y.; Tsurushita, N.; Nagawa, F.; Matsuoka, M.; Okazaki, K.; Imai, M.; Sakano, H. 1994: Essential residues in V(D)J recombination signals. Journal of Immunology 153(10): 4520-4529
Daaka, Y.; Luttrell, L.M.; Ahn, S.; Della Rocca, G.J.; Ferguson, S.S.; Caron, M.G.; Lefkowitz, R.J. 1998: Essential role for G protein-coupled receptor endocytosis in the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(2): 685-688
Siomi, H.; Choi, M.; Siomi, M.C.; Nussbaum, R.L.; Dreyfuss, G. 1994: Essential role for KH domains in RNA binding: Impaired RNA binding by a mutation in the KH domain of FMR1 that causes fragile X syndrome. Cell 77(1): 33-39
Matunis, E.L.; Kelley, R.; Dreyfuss, G. 1994: Essential role for a heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) in oogenesis: hrp40 is absent from the germ line in the dorsoventral mutant squid. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91(7): 2781-2784
Ioffe, E.; Liu, Y.; Stanley, P. 1996: Essential role for complex N-glycans in forming an organized layer of bronchial epithelium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(20): 11041-11046
Tejedor, F.J.; Bokhari, A.; Rogero, O.; Gorczyca, M.; Zhang, J.; Kim, E.; Sheng, M.; Budnik, V. 1997: Essential role for dlg in synaptic clustering of Shaker K+ channels in vivo. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 17(1): 152-159
Tavosanis, G.; Llamazares, S.; Goulielmos, G.; Gonzalez, C. 1997: Essential role for gamma-tubulin in the acentriolar female meiotic spindle of Drosophila. EMBO Journal 16(8): 1809-1819
Heremans, H.; Dillen, C.; van Damme, J.; Billiau, A. 1994: Essential role for natural killer cells in the lethal lipopolysaccharide-induced Shwartzman-like reaction in mice. European Journal of Immunology 24(5): 1155-1160
Kajekar, R.; Moore, P.K.; Brain, S.D. 1995: Essential role for nitric oxide in neurogenic inflammation in rat cutaneous microcirculation. Evidence for an endothelium-independent mechanism. Circulation Research 76(3): 441-447
Manzoli, L.; Billi, A.M.; Rubbini, S.; Bavelloni, A.; Faenza, I.; Gilmour, R.S.; Rhee, S.G.; Cocco, L. 1997: Essential role for nuclear phospholipase C beta1 in insulin-like growth factor I-induced mitogenesis. Cancer Research 57(11): 2137-2139
Sabbatini, P.; Lin, J.; Levine, A.J.; White, E. 1995: Essential role for p53-mediated transcription in E1A-induced apoptosis. Genes and Development 9(17): 2184-2192
van Weeren, P.C.; de Bruyn, K.M.; de Vries-Smits, A.M.; van Lint, J.; Burgering, B.M. 1998: Essential role for protein kinase B (PKB) in insulin-induced glycogen synthase kinase 3 inactivation. Characterization of dominant-negative mutant of PKB. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(21): 13150-13156
Yamaguchi, M.; Hayashi, Y.; Matsukage, A. 1995: Essential role of E2F recognition sites in regulation of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen gene promoter during Drosophila development. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(42): 25159-25165
Mayuzumi, H.; Shimizu, T.; Sambongi, C.; Hiroya, K.; Hatano, M. 1994: Essential role of His163 of cytochrome P450 1A2 in catalytic functions associated with cytochrome b5. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 310(2): 367-372
Adachi, S.; Yoshida, H.; Honda, K.; Maki, K.; Saijo, K.; Ikuta, K.; Saito, T.; Nishikawa, S.I. 1998: Essential role of IL-7 receptor alpha in the formation of Peyer's patch anlage. International Immunology 10(1): 1-6
Gong, Q.H.; McDowell, J.C.; Dean, A. 1996: Essential role of NF-E2 in remodeling of chromatin structure and transcriptional activation of the epsilon-globin gene in vivo by 5' hypersensitive site 2 of the beta-globin locus control region. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16(11): 6055-6064
Xiang, M.; Gan, L.; Li, D.; Chen, Z.Y.; Zhou, L.; O'Malley, B.W.; Klein, W.; Nathans, J. 1997: Essential role of POU-domain factor Brn-3c in auditory and vestibular hair cell development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(17): 9445-9450
Kim, J.H.; Kwack, H.J.; Choi, S.E.; Kim, B.C.; Kim, Y.S.; Kang, I.J.; Kumar, C.C. 1997: Essential role of Rac GTPase in hydrogen peroxide-induced activation of c-fos serum response element. FEBS Letters 406(1-2): 93-96
Cairns, B.R.; Levinson, R.S.; Yamamoto, K.R.; Kornberg, R.D. 1996: Essential role of Swp73p in the function of yeast Swi/Snf complex. Genes and Development 10(17): 2131-2144
Hartland, E.L.; Green, S.P.; Phillips, W.A.; Robins-Browne, R.M. 1994: Essential role of YopD in inhibition of the respiratory burst of macrophages by Yersinia enterocolitica. Infection and Immunity 62(10): 4445-4453
Linderoth, N.A.; Model, P.; Russel, M. 1996: Essential role of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-resistant protein IV multimer in assembly-export of filamentous phage. Journal of Bacteriology 178(7): 1962-1970
Zhang, S.; Kim, K.H. 1998: Essential role of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the glucose-induced insulin secretion in a pancreatic beta-cell line. Cellular Signalling 10(1): 35-42
Yasuhara, N.; Eguchi, Y.; Tachibana, T.; Imamoto, N.; Yoneda, Y.; Tsujimoto, Y. 1997: Essential role of active nuclear transport in apoptosis. Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms 2(1): 55-64
Khanum, A.; Buczko, E.; Dufau, M.L. 1997: Essential role of adenosine triphosphate in activation of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the rat Leydig cell. Endocrinology 138(4): 1612-1620
Heurteaux, C.; Lauritzen, I.; Widmann, C.; Lazdunski, M. 1995: Essential role of adenosine, adenosine A1 receptors, and ATP-sensitive K+ channels in cerebral ischemic preconditioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 92(10): 4666-4670
Taguchi, H.; Ohta, T. 1994: Essential role of arginine 235 in the substrate-binding of Lactobacillus plantarum D-lactate dehydrogenase. Journal of Biochemistry 115(5): 930-936
Jaber, M.; Koch, W.J.; Rockman, H.; Smith, B.; Bond, R.A.; Sulik, K.K.; Ross, J.; Lefkowitz, R.J.; Caron, M.G.; Giros, B. 1996: Essential role of beta-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 in cardiac development and function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(23): 12974-12979
Baker, S.J.; Pawlita, M.; Leutz, A.; Hoelzer, D. 1994: Essential role of c-myc in ara-C-induced differentiation of human erythroleukemia cells. Leukemia 8(8): 1309-1317
Castellino, F.; Ono, S.; Matsumura, F.; Luini, A. 1995: Essential role of caldesmon in the actin filament reorganization induced by glucocorticoids. Journal of Cell Biology 131(5): 1223-1230
Ibrahimi, A.; Bonino, F.; Bardon, S.; Ailhaud, G.; Dani, C. 1992: Essential role of collagens for terminal differentiation of preadipocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 187(3): 1314-1322
Memili, E.; Weisblum, B. 1997: Essential role of endogenously synthesized tylosin for induction of ermSF in Streptomyces fradiae. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 41(5): 1203-1205
Zheng, J.Q.; Wan, J.J.; Poo, M.M. 1996: Essential role of filopodia in chemotropic turning of nerve growth cone induced by a glutamate gradient. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(3): 1140-1149
Zantl, N.; Uebe, A.; Neumann, B.; Wagner, H.; Siewert, J.R.; Holzmann, B.; Heidecke, C.D.; Pfeffer, K. 1998: Essential role of gamma interferon in survival of colon ascendens stent peritonitis, a novel murine model of abdominal sepsis. Infection and Immunity 66(5): 2300-2309
Iwashita, J.; Hayano, Y.; Sagata, N. 1998: Essential role of germinal vesicle material in the meiotic cell cycle of Xenopus oocytes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(8): 4392-4397
Smith, L.E.; Kopchick, J.J.; Chen, W.; Knapp, J.; Kinose, F.; Daley, D.; Foley, E.; Smith, R.G.; Schaeffer, J.M. 1997: Essential role of growth hormone in ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization. Science 276(5319): 1706-1709
Walz, A.; McFarlane, S.; Brickman, Y.G.; Nurcombe, V.; Bartlett, P.F.; Holt, C.E. 1997: Essential role of heparan sulfates in axon navigation and targeting in the developing visual system. Development 124(12): 2421-2430
Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Marubayashi, U.; Favaretto, A.L.; Gutkowska, J.; McCann, S.M. 1993: Essential role of hypothalamic muscarinic and alpha-adrenergic receptors in atrial natriuretic peptide release induced by blood volume expansion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(21): 10240-10244
Hierholzer, C.; Harbrecht, B.; Menezes, J.M.; Kane, J.; MacMicking, J.; Nathan, C.F.; Peitzman, A.B.; Billiar, T.R.; Tweardy, D.J. 1998: Essential role of induced nitric oxide in the initiation of the inflammatory response after hemorrhagic shock. Journal of Experimental Medicine 187(6): 917-928
Ghaskadbi, S.; Ghate, H.V. 1993: Essential role of insulin during early prepancreatic development of the frog Microhyla ornata. International Journal of Developmental Biology 37(2): 359-362
Iida, T.; Kobayashi, S. 1998: Essential role of mitochondrially encoded large rRNA for germ-line formation in Drosophila embryos. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(19): 11274-11278
Kumakura, K.; Sasaki, K.; Sakurai, T.; Ohara-Imaizumi, M.; Misonou, H.; Nakamura, S.; Matsuda, Y.; Nonomura, Y. 1994: Essential role of myosin light chain kinase in the mechanism for MgATP-dependent priming of exocytosis in adrenal chromaffin cells. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 14(12): 7695-7703
Takeuchi, T.; Fujita, A.; Nishio, H.; Hata, F. 1997: Essential role of newly synthesized ATP for cyclic GMP-induced relaxation in alpha-toxin permeabilized smooth muscle of rat proximal colon. Journal of Smooth Muscle Research 33(4-5): 163-174
Perreault, J.; Lemieux, R. 1993: Essential role of optimal protein synthesis in preventing the apoptotic death of cultured B cell hybridomas. Cytotechnology 13(2): 99-105
Huang, C.; Ma, W.Y.; Li, J.; Hecht, S.S.; Dong, Z. 1998: Essential role of p53 in phenethyl isothiocyanate-induced apoptosis. Cancer Research 58(18): 4102-4106
Shiratsuchi, A.; Osada, S.; Kanazawa, S.; Nakanishi, Y. 1998: Essential role of phosphatidylserine externalization in apoptosing cell phagocytosis by macrophages. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 246(2): 549-555
Ogura, Y.; Takakura, N.; Yoshida, H.; Nishikawa, S.I. 1998: Essential role of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha in the development of the intraplacental yolk sac/sinus of Duval in mouse placenta. Biology of Reproduction 58(1): 65-72
Kusano, I.; Hibasami, H.; Kawai, K.; Esaki, K.; Shiraishi, T.; Yatani, R. 1994: Essential role of polyamines in restoration of DNA synthesis after UV radiation and expression of UV resistance in Cockayne syndrome cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 205(2): 1018-1024
Mishra, K.; Parnaik, V.K. 1995: Essential role of protein phosphorylation in nuclear transport. Experimental Cell Research 216(1): 124-134
Hatini, V.; Huh, S.O.; Herzlinger, D.; Soares, V.C.; Lai, E. 1996: Essential role of stromal mesenchyme in kidney morphogenesis revealed by targeted disruption of Winged Helix transcription factor BF-2. Genes and Development 10(12): 1467-1478
Koga, H.; Sagara, Y.; Yaoi, T.; Tsujimura, M.; Nakamura, K.; Sekimizu, K.; Makino, R.; Shimada, H.; Ishimura, Y.; Yura, K. 1993: Essential role of the Arg112 residue of cytochrome P450cam for electron transfer from reduced putidaredoxin. Febs Letters 331(1-2): 109-113
Kao, L.R.; Megraw, T.L.; Chae, C.B. 1993: Essential role of the HMG domain in the function of yeast mitochondrial histone HM: functional complementation of HM by the nuclear nonhistone protein NHP6A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(12): 5598-5602
Aifantis, I.; Buer, J.; von Boehmer, H.; Azogui, O. 1997: Essential role of the pre-T cell receptor in allelic exclusion of the T cell receptor beta locus. Immunity 7(5): 601-607
Dean, D.A.; Li, P.P.; Lee, L.M.; Kasamatsu, H. 1995: Essential role of the Vp2 and Vp3 DNA-binding domain in simian virus 40 morphogenesis. Journal of Virology 69(2): 1115-1121
Schuhmann, K.; Voelker, C.; Höfer, G.F.; Pflügelmeier, H.; Klugbauer, N.; Hofmann, F.; Romanin, C.; Groschner, K. 1997: Essential role of the beta subunit in modulation of C-class L-type Ca2+ channels by intracellular pH. Febs Letters 408(1): 75-80
Kotob, S.I.; Burns, D.L. 1997: Essential role of the consensus nucleotide-binding site of PtlH in secretion of pertussis toxin from Bordetella pertussis. Journal of Bacteriology 179(23): 7577-7580
Krömer, A.; Glombik, M.M.; Huttner, W.B.; Gerdes, H.H. 1998: Essential role of the disulfide-bonded loop of chromogranin B for sorting to secretory granules is revealed by expression of a deletion mutant in the absence of endogenous granin synthesis. Journal of Cell Biology 140(6): 1331-1346
Shen, Y.; Liu, J.; Wang, X.; Cheng, X.; Wang, Y.; Wu, N. 1997: Essential role of the first intron in the transcription of hsp90beta gene. Febs Letters 413(1): 92-98
Hiroi, N.; Marek, G.J.; Brown, J.R.; Ye, H.; Saudou, F.; Vaidya, V.A.; Duman, R.S.; Greenberg, M.E.; Nestler, E.J. 1998: Essential role of the fosB gene in molecular, cellular, and behavioral actions of chronic electroconvulsive seizures. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 18(17): 6952-6962
Heitger, A.; Neu, N.; Kern, H.; Panzer-Grümayer, E.R.; Greinix, H.; Nachbaur, D.; Niederwieser, D.; Fink, F.M. 1997: Essential role of the thymus to reconstitute naive (CD45RA+) T-helper cells after human allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Blood 90(2): 850-857
Ji, Q.S.; Winnier, G.E.; Niswender, K.D.; Horstman, D.; Wisdom, R.; Magnuson, M.A.; Carpenter, G. 1997: Essential role of the tyrosine kinase substrate phospholipase C-gamma1 in mammalian growth and development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(7): 2999-3003
Hyodo, M.; Aoki, A.; Ando, C.; Katsumata, M.; Nyui, S.; Motegi, N.; Morozumi, T.; Matsuhashi, M. 1996: Essential role of the yolk syncytial layer for the development of isolated blastoderms from medaka embryos. Development Growth and Differentiation 38(4): 383-392
Paternostro, M.A.; Meisami, E. 1996: Essential role of thyroid hormones in maturation of olfactory receptor neurons: an immunocytochemical study of number and cytoarchitecture of OMP-positive cells in developing rats. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 14(7-8): 867-880
Hirata, D.; Masuda, H.; Eddison, M.; Toda, T. 1998: Essential role of tubulin-folding cofactor D in microtubule assembly and its association with microtubules in fission yeast. EMBO Journal 17(3): 658-666
Rodríguez, C.; Roldán, E.; Navas, G.; Brieva, J.A. 1993: Essential role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the differentiation of human tonsil in vivo induced B cells capable of spontaneous and high-rate immunoglobulin secretion. European Journal of Immunology 23(5): 1160-1164
Kato, H.; Faria, T.N.; Stannard, B.; Roberts, C.T.; LeRoith, D. 1994: Essential role of tyrosine residues 1131, 1135, and 1136 of the insulin-like growth factor-i (IGF-I) receptor in IGF-i action. Molecular Endocrinology 8(1): 40-50
Lu, K.P.; Osmani, S.A.; Osmani, A.H.; Means, A.R. 1993: Essential roles for calcium and calmodulin in G2/M progression in Aspergillus nidulans. Journal of Cell Biology 121(3): 621-630
Zhan, Y.; Lieschke, G.J.; Grail, D.; Dunn, A.R.; Cheers, C. 1998: Essential roles for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and G-CSF in the sustained hematopoietic response of Listeria monocytogenes-infected mice. Blood 91(3): 863-869
Chini, B.A.; Fiedler, M.A.; Milligan, L.; Hopkins, T.; Stark, J.M. 1998: Essential roles of NF-kappaB and C/EBP in the regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 after respiratory syncytial virus infection of human respiratory epithelial cell cultures. Journal of Virology 72(2): 1623-1626
Seymour, R.L.; Mishra, P.V.; Khan, M.A.; Spector, M.P. 1996: Essential roles of core starvation-stress response loci in carbon-starvation-inducible cross-resistance and hydrogen peroxide-inducible adaptive resistance to oxidative challenge in Salmonella typhimurium. Molecular Microbiology 20(3): 497-505
Iida, K.; Koseki, H.; Kakinuma, H.; Kato, N.; Mizutani-Koseki, Y.; Ohuchi, H.; Yoshioka, H.; Noji, S.; Kawamura, K.; Kataoka, Y.; Ueno, F.; Taniguchi, M.; Yoshida, N.; Sugiyama, T.; Miura, N. 1997: Essential roles of the winged helix transcription factor MFH-1 in aortic arch patterning and skeletogenesis. Development 124(22): 4627-4638
Abseher, R.; Horstink, L.; Hilbers, C.W.; Nilges, M. 1998: Essential spaces defined by NMR structure ensembles and molecular dynamics simulation show significant overlap. Proteins 31(4): 370-382
Miyoshi, H.; Ohshima, M.; Shimada, H.; Akagi, T.; Iwamura, H.; Mclaughlin, J.L. 1998: Essential structural factors of annonaceous acetogenins as potent inhibitors of mitochondrial complex I. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1365(3): 443-452
Illangasekare, M.; Kovalchuke, O.; Yarus, M. 1997: Essential structures of a self-aminoacylating RNA. Journal of Molecular Biology 274(4): 519-529
Chang, G.G.; Satterlee, J.; Hsu, R.Y. 1993: Essential sulfhydryl group of malic enzyme from Escherichia coli. Journal of Protein Chemistry 12(1): 7-10
Lee, M.Y.; Kim, S.S. 1993: Essential sulfhydryl residue in radish peroxidase isozyme. Korean Biochemical Journal 26(2): 151-156
Cuozzo, D.W.; Benson, P.M.; Sperling, L.C.; Skelton, H.G. 1995: Essential syphilitic alopecia revisited. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 32(5 Pt 2): 840-843
Ferrari, D.; Ticozzelli, G.; De Vizzi, M.; Corigliano, P.; De Vizzi, G. 1993: Essential thrombocythemia and acute leukemia. Haematologica 78(6): 401-402
Yoshizumi, M.O.; Townsend-Pico, W. 1996: Essential thrombocythemia and central retinal vein occlusion with neovascular glaucoma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 121(6): 728-730
Lowenwirt, I.; Dadic, P.; Krishnamurthy, V. 1996: Essential thrombocythemia and epidural analgesia in the parturient. Does thromboelastography help?. Regional Anesthesia 21(6): 525-528
Radaelli, F.; Colombi, M.; Cro, L.; Calori, R.; Baldini, L. 1993: Essential thrombocythemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A case report. Current Therapeutic Research 53(2): 177-179
Randi, M.L.; Barbone, E.; Rossi, C.; Girolami, A. 1994: Essential thrombocythemia and pregnancy: a report of six normal pregnancies in five untreated patients. Obstetrics and Gynecology 83(6): 915-917
Jantunen, R.; Juvonen, E.; Ikkala, E.; Oksanen, K.; Anttila, P.; Hormila, P.; Jansson, S.E.; Kekomäki, R.; Ruutu, T. 1998: Essential thrombocythemia at diagnosis: Causes of diagnostic evaluation and presence of positive diagnostic findings. Annals of Hematology 77(3): 101-106
Bass, M.C.; Schultze, A.E. 1998: Essential thrombocythemia in a dog: case report and literature review. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 34(3): 197-203
Chow, E.Y.; Haley, L.P.; Vickars, L.M. 1992: Essential thrombocythemia in pregnancy: Platelet count and pregnancy outcome. American Journal of Hematology 41(4): 249-251
Kwong, Y.L.; Chiu, E.K.; Liang, R.H.; Chan, V.; Chan, T.K. 1996: Essential thrombocythemia with BCR/ABL rearrangement. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 89(1): 74-76
Meisel, S.; Shpilberg, O.; Ramot, B.; Ben-Bassat, I. 1993: Essential thrombocythemia: a relative benign long-term course. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 29(4): 190-194
Kwong, Y.L.; Liang, R.H.; Chiu, E.K.; Lie, A.K.; Chan, L.C.; Todd, D.; Chan, T.K. 1995: Essential thrombocythemia: A retrospective analysis of 39 cases. American Journal of Hematology 49(1): 39-42
Fernando, E.A.; Senanayake, B.; Sivakumaran, S. 1998: Essential thrombocythemia: an uncommon cause of digital gangrene. Ceylon Medical Journal 43(1): 34-35
Lengfelder, E.; Hochhaus, A.; Hehlmann, R. 1996: Essential thrombocythemia: Current opinion in diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment. Onkologie 19(1): 44-48
Johnson, M.; Gernsheimer, T.; Johansen, K. 1995: Essential thrombocytosis: Underemphasized cause of large-vessel thrombosis. Journal of Vascular Surgery 22(4): 443-7; discussion 448-9
Kapaki, E.; Zournas, C.; Kanias, G.; Zambelis, T.; Kakami, A.; Papageorgiou, C. 1997: Essential trace element alterations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 147(2): 171-175
Mayer, D.R.; Kosmus, W.; Pogglitsch, H.; Mayer, D.; Beyer, W. 1993: Essential trace elements in humans. Serum arsenic concentrations in hemodialysis patients in comparison to healthy controls. Biological Trace Element Research 37(1): 27-38
Dubinsky, R.M.; Gray, C.S.; Koller, W.C. 1993: Essential tremor and dystonia. Neurology 43(11): 2382-2384
Elble, R.J.; Higgins, C.; Hughes, L. 1994: Essential tremor entrains rapid voluntary movements. Experimental Neurology 126(1): 138-143
Chanfreau, G.; Noble, S.M.; Guthrie, C. 1996: Essential yeast protein with unexpected similarity to subunits of mammalian cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF). Science 274(5292): 1511-1514
Braisby, N.; Franks, B.; Hampton, J. 1996: Essentialism, word use, and concepts. Cognition 59(3): 247-274
Haffer, J. 1997: Essentialistic and evolutionary thinking in the field of systematic ornithology during the 19th and 20th century. Journal fuer Ornithologie 138(1): 61-72
Schaefer, U. 1997: Essentiality and toxicity of lithium. Journal of Trace and Microprobe Techniques 15(3): 341-349
Lee, S.M.; Lee, J.Y.; Hur, S.B. 1994: Essentiality of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in Korean rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Society 27(6): 712-726