Evidence of a functional interaction between serine 3 and serine 25 Mos phosphorylation sites. A dominant inhibitory role of serine 25 phosphorylation on Mos protein kinase
Yang, Y.; Pham, C.D.; Vuyyuru, V.B.; Liu, H.; Arlinghaus, R.B.; Singh, B.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(26): 15946-15953
Recently, we identified the major in vivo phosphorylation site on v-Mos as Ser-56, which is phosphorylated by cyclic AMP dependent protein kinase (PKA). Others have shown that c-Mos phosphorylation at Ser-3 (equivalent to Ser-34 in v-Mos) is important for the interaction of c-Mos with its substrate MEK and for its stability and cytostatic factor activity in eggs. To investigate the role of Ser-56 phosphorylation, we generated site-directed mutants of v-Mos that would mimic phosphorylation in terms of charge at positions 56 and 34. After mutating serine (S) residues with alanine (A) or glutamic acid (E) in different combinations, various v-Mos mutants were expressed in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate in vitro translation system and in COS-1 or NIH/3T3 cells. The effect of mutations on Mos function was evaluated by in vitro protein kinase assays and by the ability of Mos to cause neoplastic transformation of NIH/3T3 cells. The S56E but not the S56A mutation inhibited v-Mos kinase activity suggesting that Ser-56 phosphorylation has an inhibitory role. As predicted from Xenopus c-Mos studies, S34A but not S34E mutation inhibited v-Mos activity. Studies with the double mutants showed that the S56E mutation but not S56A mutation inhibited v-Mos kinase activity of both S34A and S34E mutants. Interestingly, the S56A mutation blocked the inhibitory effect of the S34A mutation on v-Mos kinase suggesting that in c-Mos the corresponding serine (Ser-25) can influence the regulation of c-Mos by Ser-3. Results showing inhibition of v-Mos kinase activity of the S34E mutant by the S56E mutation is significant as it suggests that doubly phosphorylated Mos at these residues would be inactive. Because residues corresponding to both v-Mos Ser-34 and Ser-56 are evolutionarily conserved in c-Mos, the kinase activity of c-Mos during meiosis may also be regulated in the same manner as v-Mos kinase activity.