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Expression of prolactin and growth hormone receptor genes and their isoforms in the gastrointestinal tract



Expression of prolactin and growth hormone receptor genes and their isoforms in the gastrointestinal tract



American Journal of Physiology 268(3 Pt 1): G431-G442



Distribution of transcripts for prolactin and growth hormone receptors (PRLR and GHR) and their isoforms was characterized in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract from several species by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction combined with Southern analysis. Human, rabbit, and fetal and adult rat PRLR and GHR transcripts were detected in isolated gastric glands, gastric cell fractions, and intestinal mucosa lineages. Human PRLR and GHR transcripts were also observed throughout the cancerous progression of the colonic and gastric mucosa from adenomas to colonic liver metastasis and gastrointestinal cancer cell lines at various stages of growth and differentiation. Prolactin (PRL) produced no detectable effect on M1 gastric mucin secretion in HT-29 cells adapted to methotrexate (HT-29-MTX) or on acid secretion in isolated rabbit parietal cells. GHRd3, an isoform of human GHR transcript missing exon 3, was also broadly expressed and was the only form found in gastric and colorectal adenocarcinomas. Interestingly, several extra bands of polymerase chain reaction products of the human PRLR, which were smaller than the expected size, were observed not only in the GI tract but also in liver and T-47D breast cancer cells. These products from human intestinal and breast cancer cell lines were subsequently subcloned and sequenced, and we isolated six isoforms of the receptor transcripts. One of these clones encodes a putative human PRL binding protein. The expression of PRL and PRLR transcripts was also clearly observed in intraepithelial lymphocytes purified from the mouse intestine. The widespread expression of the PRL and GH receptor transcripts in gastric and intestinal mucosal lineages, particularly in epithelia, suggests regulatory roles of these hormones on digestive and immune functions, including metabolism, growth, or differentiation.

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Accession: 008662907

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7534993

DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.1995.268.3.g431


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