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Factors that affect the enzymatic degradation of natural starch granules: Effect of the size of the granules

Franco, C., M.L.; Preto, S.-Jose-Do-Rio; Ciacco, C., F.; Geraldo, B.

Starch Staerke 44(11): 422-426

1992


DOI: 10.1002/star.19920441106
Accession: 008673950

In this study the relationship between the enzymatic susceptibility and the size of the corn and cassava starch granules was studied. The starch granules were separated by size and classified according to their average diameter in: a) larger than 16 mu-m; b) between 15 and 10 mu-m and c) smaller than 10 mu-m. The starch granules of various sizes were hydrolyzed by bacterial alpha-amylase and fungal amyloglucosidase. The results showed a relationship between the enzymatic susceptibility and the size of the starch granules; smaller size of the starch granules resulted in a higher percentage of hydrolysis. A basic difference in the mode of action of enzymes on small and large granules was observed. Enzymatic attack on the large granules was characterized by considerable surface corrosion, mainly at the radial axis. For small granules, the enzymatic action occurred on the surface of the granules and was characterized by an erosion with solubilization of the granules. Chemical and physical analysis of the starches suggested that hydrolysis should occur mainly at the amorphous areas of the granules.

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