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Functional measures of first-stroke rehabilitation inpatients: Usefulness of the functional independence measure total score with a clinical rationale



Functional measures of first-stroke rehabilitation inpatients: Usefulness of the functional independence measure total score with a clinical rationale



Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 78(6): 630-635



Objective: The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was used to measure function in first-stroke patients on admission to and discharge from a rehabilitation center, and to determine gain; all data were analyzed by a clinically oriented approach. Design: All patients admitted after a first supratentorial stroke to a comprehensive rehabilitation facility over a 2-year period were examined prospectively with the FIM. Diagnosis was determined by neuroimaging. Data were collected continuously and stored in the department database. For analysis of data, the patients were divided by side of lesion (right or left hemisphere), main clinical syndrome (presence or absence of neglect or aphasic syndromes in those with damage to the right or left hemisphere, respectively), type of lesion (ischemic, hemorrhagic, etc.), and site of lesion (cortical or subcortical). Setting: Neurological rehabilitation ward. Patients: The study population included 151 patients of average age 60.8 years; 60 were men. All were admitted an average of 28.9 days after stroke and rehabilitated for 109.3 days. Main Outcome Measure: The raw FIM total score was determined at 48 to 72 hours after admission and at discharge. FIM gain was calculated by subtracting the FIM discharge score from the FIM admission score for each individual. Length of stay was also recorded. Results: There was no difference in average total FIM scores when patients were divided by side of damage (right or left hemisphere). Significant findings were obtained for the various parameters when the clinical criterion was applied. Patients with neglect or aphasia syndromes showed significantly higher gains despite their lower FIM admission scores, but they had a much longer in-hospital stay. Conclusion: The raw FIM total score is a simple, practical, and efficient measure of function in first-stroke patients on admission for rehabilitation, provided an appropriate clinical approach is used during data analysis. Results can be used for comparison with similar measures, determination of admission and discharge policy, and program evaluation. The presence of neglect and aphasic syndromes has a significant effect on the various measures. Length of stay in rehabilitation is also of paramount importance in stroke patients with special clinical syndromes.

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Accession: 008710476

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9196471

DOI: 10.1016/s0003-9993(97)90429-9



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