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Gastric endoscopic features in patients with liver cirrhosis: correlation with esophageal varices, intra-variceal pressure, and liver dysfunction

Gastric endoscopic features in patients with liver cirrhosis: correlation with esophageal varices, intra-variceal pressure, and liver dysfunction

Digestion 55(2): 115-120

This study was aimed at evaluating the gastric endoscopic features in patients with liver cirrhosis and at assessing whether endoscopic findings correlated with the severity of portal hypertension and of the underlying liver disease. We studied 394 cirrhotic patients and 110 controls. Prevalence of a mosaic-like pattern of the gastric mucosa was significantly higher in cirrhotics than controls (80.5 vs. 0.9%; p < 0.001). Red spots of the gastric mucosa were found in 8.1% of cirrhotic patients and in none of the control subjects. Erosions and petechiae were found in 14.5 and 5.4% of the control population, but their prevalence was significantly higher in cirrhotics (28.7 and 12.7%, respectively; p < 0.05). Severity of the mosaic-like pattern as well as the presence of red spots were closely related to the size and hemorrhagic risk of esophageal varices and to the presence of fundic varices. Also, severe mosaic-like patterns were found more frequently in patients with severe impairment of liver function, as assessed by the Child-Pugh's criteria. Furthermore, the mosaic-like pattern was more severe in cirrhotic patients with a higher degree of portal hypertension as indirectly assessed by measurement of esophageal intravariceal pressure. In conclusion, (1) a mosaic-like pattern and red spots of the gastric mucosa are the only specific signs of congestive gastropathy in liver cirrhosis, and (2) the severity of the mosaic-like pattern correlates with the severity of liver dysfunction and of portal hypertension.

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Accession: 008718854

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PMID: 8187974

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