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Glucocorticoid regulation of bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene expression: Identification of a glucocorticoid response element in the bone sialoprotein gene promoter



Glucocorticoid regulation of bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene expression: Identification of a glucocorticoid response element in the bone sialoprotein gene promoter



European Journal of Biochemistry 230(1): 183-192



Glucocorticoids modulate the development and growth of many organs through interactions with a specific intracellular receptor (glucocorticoid receptor) that regulates gene transcription through a cognate element, the glucocorticoid response element (GRE), in the promoter of target genes. In bone formation glucocorticoids stimulate osteoblast differentiation and the formation of bone matrix. Recent studies have demonstrated that the induction of the bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene is associated with osteoblast differentiation and de novo bone formation. To determine the molecular pathways of glucocorticoid regulation of BSP expression, we have analyzed the effects of the synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone, on the expression of the BSP by bone cells in vitro. At 10 nM, dexamethasone induced BSP expression in association with bone tissue formation by confluent fetal rat calvarial cells and adult rat marrow cells and also stimulated BSP expression up to sixfold in osteoblastic cells (UMR 106-6 and ROS 17/2.8 cells). Most of the stimulation was blocked by cycloheximide, indicating direct and indirect mechanisms of BSP gene regulation. Nuclear 'run-on' transcription analysis revealed an up to twofold increase in transcription corresponding to the increase in mRNA that was unaffected by cycloheximide. Analysis of BSP mRNA in the presence of a transcription inhibitor (5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuanosyl benzimidazole) by Northern hybridization revealed that the stability of the BSP mRNA was not significantly altered by dexamethasone, indicating that the major, indirect, stimulation of BSP expression involves a nuclear posttranscriptional mechanism. To study the direct effects of dexamethasone, nucleotide sequence analysis of the rat BSP promoter was extended upstream to position -2992 and downstream to +2282 in the first intron. Transient transfection analyses, using various rat BSP promoter constructs linked to a luciferase reporter gene, and gel mobility shift assays were used to identify a putative glucocorticoid response unit comprising three GRE half-sites and a putative AP-1 site, located within positions -906 to -931 upstream from the translation start site of the BSP gene promoter. BSP transcription was stimulated apprxeq 1.5fold by dexamethasone through this GRE, indicating that its direct effects are mediated by glucocorticoid receptor binding to this site. These studies, therefore, have identified both indirect and direct pathways of glucocorticoid regulation of BSP gene expression, the direct effects being mediated by a GRE in the rat BSP promoter through which the effects of glucocorticoids on BSP gene transcription appear to be regulated.

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Accession: 008737824

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7601099

DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.0183i.x


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