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Growth and fodder yield of the Gliricidia sepium provenances in guardrow system in dryland farming area in Bali, Indonesia



Growth and fodder yield of the Gliricidia sepium provenances in guardrow system in dryland farming area in Bali, Indonesia



Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 10(1): 106-113



A field experiment was carried out on a dryland farming area of southern Bali for 92 weeks, to study the growth and fodder yield of 16 provenances of Gliricidia septum in guardrow system. The experimental design was completely randomized blocks of 16 treatments (Gliricidia septum provenances) replicated 3 times, with 6 plants per provenance. Six provenances were from Mexico (M), four from Guatemala (G), and one each from Colombia (C), Indonesia (I), Nicaragua (N), Panama (P), Costa Rica (R) and Venezuela (V). After 40 weeks establishment the gliricidia were lopped 4 times a year at 150 cm height, at 2 months intervals during the 4 month wet season and 4 month intervals during the 8 month dry season. Stem elongation varied from 21 to 81 cm, leaf retention from 39 to 240%, branch number from 12 to 35, fodder yield from 1,090 to 3,153 g DW/plant, and wood yield from 743 to 2,750 g DW/plant. Pontezuelo provenance of Colombia (C24), Belen provenance of Nicaragua (N14) and Retalhuleu provenance of Guatemala (G14) were ranked first second and third, respectively, for stem elongation, leaf retention, fodder and wood yields, during the wet and dry seasons.

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