Growth hormone stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT5, but not insulin receptor substrate-1 or SHC proteins in liver and skeletal muscle of normal rats in vivo
Chow, J.C.; Ling, P.R.; Qu, Z.; Laviola, L.; Ciccarone, A.; Bistrian, B.R.; Smith, R.J.
Endocrinology 137(7): 2880-2886
GH has been shown to stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2, several STAT proteins, insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), and SHC proteins in cultured cells. The goal of this study was to determine GH effects on protein tyrosine phosphorylation in liver and skeletal muscle of normal rats in vivo. Nonfasted male Sprague-Dawley rats (225-250 g) were injected with GH iv, and tissues were obtained after 5, 15, 30, or 60 min. At a maximally effective GH dose (1.5 mg/kg body weight), phosphotyrosine antibody immunoblots demonstrated marked stimulation of the tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2 (maximal at 5 min) and a 95,000 Mr protein (maximal at 15 min) in both liver and skeletal muscle. The 95,000 Mr protein was recognized and immunodepleted by STAT5 antibody, but not by other STAT protein antibodies. Although basal tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 and SHC was evident, GH did not stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of either of these proteins in liver or skeletal muscle. In conclusion, GH stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT5, but not IRS-1, SHC, or other STAT proteins in liver and skeletal muscle of normal rats. These results differ from findings in cultured cells and support the concept that selectivity for tyrosine kinase substrates is an important determinant of postreceptor signaling specificity in vivo.