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Heterospecific cloning of Arabidopsis thaliana cDNAs by direct complementation of pyrimidine auxotrophic mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. I. Cloning and sequence analysis of two cDNAs catalysing the second, fifth and sixth steps of the de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway



Heterospecific cloning of Arabidopsis thaliana cDNAs by direct complementation of pyrimidine auxotrophic mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. I. Cloning and sequence analysis of two cDNAs catalysing the second, fifth and sixth steps of the de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway



Molecular and General Genetics 244(1): 23-32



An Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library was used to complement Saccharomyces cerevisiae pyrimidine auxotrophic mutants. Mutants in all but one (carbamylphosphate synthetase) of the six steps in the de novo pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway could be complemented. We report here the cloning, sequencing and computer analysis of two cDNAs encoding the aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase; EC 2.1.3.2) and orotate phosphoribosyltransferase-orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase (OPRTase-OMPdecase; EC 2.4.2.10, EC 4.1.1.23) enzymes. These results confirm the presence in A. thaliana of a bifunctional gene whose product catalyses the last two steps of the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway, as previously suggested by biochemical studies. The ATCase encoding cDNA sequence (PYRB gene) shows an open reading frame (ORF) of 1173 bp coding for 390 amino acids. The cDNA encoding OPRTase-OMPdecase (PYRE-F gene) shows an ORF of 1431 bp coding for 476 amino acids. Computer analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of both cDNAs shows the expected high similarity with the ATCase, ornithine transcarbamylase (OTCase; EC 2.1.3.3), OPRTase and OMPdecase families. This heterospecific cloning approach increases our understanding of the genetic organization and interspecific functional conservation of the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway and underlines its usefulness as a model for evolutionary studies.

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Accession: 008769586

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8041358

DOI: 10.1007/bf00280183


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