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High nm23-H1/NDPK-A expression in Ewing tumors: Paradoxical immunohistochemical reactivity and lack of prognostic significance

High nm23-H1/NDPK-A expression in Ewing tumors: Paradoxical immunohistochemical reactivity and lack of prognostic significance

International Journal of Cancer 64(2): 104-111

Expression of nm23-H1/NDPK-A has been reported to correlate inversely with metastasizing potential of rodent experimental cells and some human tumors. In the search for reliable molecular prognostic indicators for Ewing tumors (ET), a group of aggressive presumably neuroectodermal malignancies in children and adolescents, we studied nm23-H1/NDPK-A expression. Northern-blot and RT-PCR analyses were employed to semi-quantificatively measure nm23-H1 mRNA levels in ET cell lines and tissue extracts. A panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were used to evaluate protein abundance by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The nm23-H1/NDPK-A gene was also investigated on the DNA level to define possible genomic alterations. Our results revealed neither nm23-H1 allelic loss nor gene amplification and failed to show any significant variation in nm23-H1 mRNA or NDPK-A protein levels of primary or metastatic ET. NDPK-A protein levels were high and comparable to those of MCF-7 breast-cancer cells and to aggressive stage-IV neuroblastoma cell lines. nm23-H21 NDPK-B expression in ET was slightly more variable but generally lower than in MCF-7 cells. In the immunohistochemical analysis, however, discrepancies in the reactivity patterns with different antibodies were observed. Differential sensitivity to various fixation methods and heat treatment pointed to a structurally polymorphic NDPK-A protein. nm23-H1 expression studies using immunohistochemistry for prognostic counselling should thus be interpreted with caution.

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Accession: 008772066

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PMID: 7542225

DOI: 10.1002/ijc.2910640206

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