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High-affinity maltose/trehalose transport system in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus litoralis



High-affinity maltose/trehalose transport system in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus litoralis



Journal of Bacteriology 178(16): 4773-4777



The hyperthermophilic marine archaeon Thermococcus litoralis exhibits high-affinity transport activity for maltose and trehalose at 85 degrees C. The K(m) for maltose transport was 22 nM, and that for trehalose was 17 nM. In cells that had been grown on peptone plus yeast extract, the Vmax for maltose uptake ranged from 3.2 to 7.5 nmol/min/mg of protein in different cell cultures. Cells grown in peptone without yeast extract did not show significant maltose or trehalose uptake. We found that the compound in yeast extract responsible for the induction of the maltose and trehalose transport system was trehalose. [14C]maltose uptake at 100 nM was not significantly inhibited by glucose, sucrose, or maltotriose at a 100 microM concentration but was completely inhibited by trehalose and maltose. The inhibitor constant, Ki, of trehalose for inhibiting maltose uptake was 21 nM. In contrast, the ability of maltose to inhibit the uptake of trehalose was not equally strong. With 20 nM [14C]trehalose as the substrate, a 10-fold excess of maltose was necessary to inhibit uptake to 50%. However, full inhibition was observed at 2 microM maltose. The detergent-solubilized membranes of trehalose-induced cells contained a high-affinity binding protein for maltose and trehalose, with an M(r) of 48,000, that exhibited the same substrate specificity as the transport system found in whole cells. We conclude that maltose and trehalose are transported by the same high-affinity membrane-associated system. This represents the first report on sugar transport in any hyperthermophilic archaeon.

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Accession: 008773436

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PMID: 8759837


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