EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Allopurinol and Loss of Consciousness in a 78-old Year Man Suffering from Gout
The parasites of British birds and mammals. 3XIV-3XVH
Studies on the in vitro synthesis of phi x 174 super helical covalently closed circular duplex dna and circular single stranded dna
The Shahada movement: a peasant movement in Maharashtra (India) - its development and its perspectives
The cranial nerves of Wallago attu
Anatomy of Mystus seenghala IV Nervous system
Haematology of Persian fallow deer (Dama mesopotamica)
Major weeds of rabi and kharif crops and their control
Structure of Morija-Banol iron-ore deposits, Rajasthan, and its control over mineralization
Donkioporia expansa - A lesser known wood destroyer in buildings
The new physiology of vision 3Xin. The testing of color-vision
Economic importance of Pteridophytes
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
Ketoconazole shampoo 1% vs. climbazole shampoo in the treatment of seborrhoeic scalp dermatitis
Economic efficiency of biwall drip irrigation in sugarcane production - a case study in Ankalkhop village in Sangli District of Maharashtra
48,4X-49,5X mosaic: asynchronies among the late-replicating X chromosomes
Compatibility of potassium phosphonate (Akomin-40) with different species of Trichoderma and Gliocladium virens
Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human pathogen
The 48 4X 49 4Xy 49 4X iso chromosome yq mosaicism in a 3 year old boy from a twin pregnancy
Placentrex treatment in corneal defects in animals
The biology of human starvation: some new insights
Real-time PCR assays for the specific detection of monkeypox virus West African and Congo Basin strain DNA
Replenishable but depletable resources: water
New insights into bestiality and zoophilia
Thoracic outlet syndrome in Ehlers-Danlos patients as displayed by magnetic resonance imaging, angiography and venography

Hypersea and the land ecosystem


Hypersea and the land ecosystem



Bio Systems 31(2-3): 145-153



ISSN/ISBN: 0303-2647

PMID: 8155847

DOI: 10.1016/0303-2647(93)90043-c

The land ecosystem, in spite of its relative youth, outstrips the marine ecosystem in terms of greater primary productivity and species diversity per unit area. This occurs because land eukaryotes actively direct the flow of nutrient-rich fluids. The body fluids of land eukaryotes have had a significant evolutionary and geochemical impact, and we here refer to these fluids, and the organisms through which they flow, as 'Hypersea'. Hypersea is a previously unrecognized biogeophysical entity formed by eukaryotic life and its symbionts, parasites and hyperparasites on land. The oldest convincing evidence for Hypersea consists of fossil tracheophytes, mycorrhizal fungi, and protoctists displaying intimate ecological interactions in the Lower Devonian Rhynie Chert (approx. 400 million years old), just older than the first major coal deposits. We use the concept of hypermarine upwelling to help explain both (a) the genesis of coal and (b) why the average species diversity per unit area and biomass production of the land biota has exceeded that of the marine biota for hundreds of millions of years.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 008795827

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

An ecosystem-management approach for CDM afforestation and reforestation activities: the need for an integrated ecosystem assessment based on the valuation of ecosystem services for forested land. Kyoto Mechanism and the conservation of tropical forest ecosystem Proceedings of the international symposium/workshop, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, 29-30 January 2004: 67-78, 2004

Effects of land markets and land management on ecosystem function A framework for modelling exurban land-change. Environmental Modelling and Software 45: 129-140, 2013

Potential impact of land use change on land productivity dynamics with focus on land degradation in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 133(1-2): 73-88, 2018

Impacts of land use/land cover on runoff and energy budgets in an East Asia ecosystem from remotely sensed data in a community land model. Science of The Total Environment 684: 641-656, 2019

Impacts of land use/land cover on runoff and energy budgets in an East Asia ecosystem from remotely sensed data in a community land model. Science of the Total Environment 684: 641-656, 2019

Hypersea invasion. Discover 16(10): 76-79, 82-87, 1995

Biogeoclimatic Ecosystem Classification - a natural system for ecosystem-based land management. Proceedings Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service ( RMRS-P-12): 319-325, 1999

Watershed land use and aquatic ecosystem response: Ecohydrologic approach to ecosystem conservation and policy. 2008

Land-use planning for nearshore ecosystem services; the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model. Fact Sheet - U. S. Geological Survey, 2011

Effect of land cover and ecosystem mapping on ecosystem-risk assessment in the Little Karoo, South Africa. Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology 27(3): 531-634, 2013

Land use change effects on ecosystem carbon budget in the Sichuan Basin of Southwest China: Conversion of cropland to forest ecosystem. Science of the Total Environment 609: 556-562, 2017

Assessing changes in the value of ecosystem services in response to land-use/land-cover dynamics in Nigeria. Science of The Total Environment 636: 597-609, 2018

The impact of land use/land cover scale on modelling urban ecosystem services. Landscape Ecology 31(7): 1509-1522, 2016

The social and scientific values that shape national climate scenarios: a comparison of the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK. Regional Environmental Change 17(8): 2325-2338, 2017

Linking trajectories of land change, land degradation processes and ecosystem services. Environmental Research 147: 590-600, 2016