Identification of amino acids in the glutamate receptor, GluR3, important for antibody-binding and receptor-specific activation
Carlson, N.G.; Gahring, L.C.; Twyman, R.E.; Rogers, S.W.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(17): 11295-11301
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258 PMID: 9111034 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.272.17.11295
We reported (Twyman, R. E., Gahring, L. C., Speiss, J., and Rogers, S. W. (1995) Neuron 14, 755-762) that antibodies to a subregion of the glutamate receptor (GluR) subunit GluR3 termed GluR3B (amino acids 372-395), act as highly specific GluR agonists. In this study we produced additional rabbit anti-GluR3B-specific antibodies, ranked them according to their ability to function as GluR agonists and characterized the immunoreactivity using deletion and alanine substitution mutagenesis. These anti-GluR3B antibodies bound to a subset of the residues in GluR3B (amino acids 372-386), of which glutamate 375, valine 378, proline 379, and phenylalanine (Phe) 380 were preferred. The level of GluR activation correlated with the binding of antibody to Phe-380, which suggests that immunoreactivity directed toward Phe-380 is an index for the anti-GluR agonist potential. Since the identity of this residue varies between respective GluR subunits, this suggested that this residue may be important for imparting antibody subunit specificity. To test this possibility, the alanine in GluR1 was converted to a phenylalanine, which extended the subunit specificity from GluR3 to the modified GluR1. We conclude that antibody contacts with key residues in the GluR3B region define a novel GluR subunit-specific agonist binding site and impart subunit-specific immunoreactivity.