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Impact of food on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic effects of sustained release verapamil in normal subjects

Impact of food on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic effects of sustained release verapamil in normal subjects

American Journal Of Cardiology. 70(11): 1072-1076

To evaluate the impact of food on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic effects of sustained release (SR) verapamil tablets, 9 healthy men each received 3 single doses of verapamil in a randomized, crossover manner: 10 mg of intravenous verapamil, 240 mg SR verapamil on an empty stomach, and 240 mg SR verapamil with a standardized meal. PR intervals and racemic verapamil serum concentrations were measured serially over 30 hours after administration. The time to peak concentration was longer (7.5 +- 3.0 vs 4.4 +- 2.3 hours), resulting in a lower peak verapamil serum concentration (118 +- 43 vs 175 +- 50 ng/ml) when SR verapamil was administered with food (p lt 0.05). Food tended to decrease the bioavailability of SR verapamil (34 +- 12 vs 49 +- 14%), although this difference did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.065). Precipitous or exaggerated release of verapamil from the SR tablet was not observed in any subject during the fasting state. Prolongation of the PR interval paralleled these alterations in serum concentration. The maximal change in the PR interval was greater (21 +- 8 vs 14 +- 5%; p lt 0.05) when SR verapamil was given in the fasting state. Although an exaggerated verapamil release or effect was not observed, food significantly altered the absorption and electrocardiographic effects of a single dose of SR verapamil. Manipulation of the administration condition mey be helpful in achieving desired outcomes.

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Accession: 008826043

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1414906

DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90363-4

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