Section 9
Chapter 8,828

Impaired forearm vasodilation to hyperosmolal stimuli in patients with congestive heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy or to ischemic cardiomyopathy

Bank, A.J.; Rector, T.S.; Burke, M.N.; Tschumperlin, L.K.; Kubo, S.H.

American Journal of Cardiology 70(15): 1315-1319


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9149
PMID: 1442584
DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90768-t
Accession: 008827699

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Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) have impaired peripheral vasodilation during exercise. Hyperosmolality is one local stimulus that produces vasodilation during exercise in normal subjects. This study addressed the hypothesis that vasodilation to hyperosmolal stimuli is impaired in patients with CHF. Forearm blood flow responses to intrabrachial artery infusions of isoosmolal (280 mosm/kg) and hyperosmolal (480 and 660 mosm/kg) solutions of saline and glucose were compared in 9 patients with CHF and 13 normal subjects. Forearm blood flow was measured by strain gauge plethysmography. In the normal subjects, hyperosmolal infusions of 480 and 660 mosm/kg increased forearm blood flow by 3.12 +- 0.40 and 6.80 +- 0.67 ml/min/100 ml forearm volume, respectively (both p lt 0.001 compared with isoosmolal infusions). In constrast, in the patients with CHF, these infusions increased forearm blood flow by 2.19 +- 0.44 and 4.06 +- 0.92 ml/min/100 m. forearm volume (p lt 0.05 normal vs CHF). The impaired forearm blood flow responses in heart failure occurred despite significantly greater (p lt 0.05, normal vs CHF) increases in venous osmolality (17.3 +- 6.5 vs 9.6 +- 1.3 mosm/kg for the 660 mosm/kg infusion). There were no differences between groups in forearm venous hematocrit, calcium, and sodium or potassium changes during hyperosmolal infusions. It is concluded that peripheral vasodilation to hyperosmolal stimuli is impaired in patients with CHF.

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