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In vitro actin filament sliding velocities produced by mixtures of different types of myosin



In vitro actin filament sliding velocities produced by mixtures of different types of myosin



Biophysical Journal 72(4): 1767-1779



Using in vitro motility assays, we examined the sliding velocity of actin filaments generated by pairwise mixings of six different types of actively cycling myosins. In isolation, the six myosins translocated actin filaments at differing velocities. We found that only small proportions of a more slowly translating myosin type could significantly inhibit the sliding velocity generated by a myosin type that translocated filaments rapidly. In other experiments, the addition of noncycling, unphosphorylated smooth and nonmuscle myosin to actively translating myosin also inhibited the rapid sliding velocity, but to a significantly reduced extent. The data were analyzed in terms of a model derived from the original working cross-bridge model of A. F. Huxley. We found that the inhibition of rapidly translating myosins by slowly cycling was primarily dependent upon only a single parameter, the cross-bridge detachment rate at the end of the working powerstroke. In contrast, the inhibition induced by the presence of noncycling, unphosphorylated myosins required a change in another parameter, the transition rate from the weakly attached actomyosin state to the strongly attached state at the beginning of the cross-bridge power stroke.

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Accession: 008834972

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9083681

DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(97)78823-4



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