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In vitro activity of piperacillin/tazobactam against 615 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated in intensive care units

In vitro activity of piperacillin/tazobactam against 615 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated in intensive care units

ChemoTherapy 44(5): 305-312

From May 1996 to September 1997, 615 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from patients in intensive care units collected from different Italian laboratories were studied. The susceptibility of piperacillin/tazobactam, in comparison with other antipseudomonal antibiotics, to their NCCLS breakpoints was evaluated: amikacin 79. 6%, carbenicillin 67.0%, ceftazidime 73.4%, ciprofloxacin 55.8%, imipenem 64.1%, piperacillin 88.1%, piperacillin/tazobactam 92.4% and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid 69.0%. Seventy-three strains were selected because of their resistance to piperacillin and the mechanisms underlying such a resistance were investigated. Isoelectric focusing and hydrolysis assays revealed the presence of 15 plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases. Chromosomal beta-lactamase derepression was demonstrated in 34 isolates. The remaining 24 piperacillin-resistant strains did not produce beta-lactamases and an 'intrinsic mechanism' of resistance was inferred. The piperacillin/tazobactam combination restored resistance in 25 piperacillin strains. Nine of these were derepressed for chromosomal beta-lactamase, 8 showed impermeability and 8 showed plasmid enzymes.

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Accession: 008835287

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PMID: 9732144

DOI: 10.1159/000007127

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