In vivo antileprosy activity of the newly synthesized benzoxazinorifamycin, KRM-1648

Tomioka, H.; Saito, H.

International Journal of Leprosy and other Mycobacterial Diseases Official Organ of the International Leprosy Association 61(2): 255-258


ISSN/ISBN: 0148-916X
PMID: 8371034
Accession: 008840935

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The in vivo anti-Mycobacterium leprae activity of the newly synthesized benzoxazinorifamycin, KRM-1648, was studied. KRM-1648 was given orally to athymic nude mice, infected subcutaneously with M. leprae in the hindfoot pad, at doses between 0.001 and 0.01 mg of the drug/mouse/day six times per week, from day 31 to day 80. KRM-1648 administration markedly suppressed bacterial growth in the foot pads for 360 days. KRM-1 648 given daily at the dose of 0.01 mg/mouse elicited a 2-4-log decrease in the number of acid-fast bacilli. The therapeutic effects of KRM-1648 were significantly higher than that of rifampin when both drugs were given in the same dosage. Moreover, when mice were fed a KRM-1648-containing diet (0.00004%-0.0004%), the drug displayed an even higher efficacy against M. leprae infection, causing an almost 4-log decrease in the number of leprosy bacilli in the infected foot pad compared to untreated controls.