Section 9
Chapter 8,878

Inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication and malignant transformation of rat liver epithelial cells by neu oncogene

Jou, Y.S.; Layhe, B.; Matesic, D.F.; Chang, C.C.; de Feijter, A.W.; Lockwood, L.; Welsch, C.W.; Klaunig, J.E.; Trosko, J.E.

Carcinogenesis 16(2): 311-317


ISSN/ISBN: 0143-3334
PMID: 7859363
DOI: 10.1093/carcin/16.2.311
Accession: 008877903

Download citation:  

A retrovirus containing a neu oncogene was introduced into a Fischer F344 rat liver epithelial cell line (WB-F344) to study the effect of the expression of neu oncoprotein on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), the ability to form colonies in soft agar and the ability to form tumors in rat liver by these cells. After viral infection, five different neu-transduced epithelial clones were randomly selected for further analysis. Southern blot analysis of HindIII-digested genomic DNA hybridized with a neu-specific probe indicated that the neu oncogene carried by the retrovirus was integrated into different chromosomal locations in the five different neu-transduced WB cell lines. Using the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) assay, we found that GJIC was significantly reduced in neu-transduced WB clones, compared with control v-irus-infected and parental WB cells. Western blot analysis of connexin 43 in the neu-transduced cell lines showed altered phosphorylation patterns compared with the normal WB-rat liver cell line. Confocal image analysis of the neu-transduced cells showed that the connexin 43 protein, as detected by fluorescent immunostaining, was localized in the cell nucleus. The neu-transduced WB cell lines also acquired the ability to grow in soft agar. Furthermore, cells from three of the five neu-transduced cell lines, when injected into the liver of Fischer F344 rats through the portal vein, were highly tumorigenic (multiple focal hepatic tumors developed within 2 weeks). Cells derived from the tumor were shown to be G-418 resistant, demonstrating that the tumor was derived from the injected WB-neu cells. The results of this study demonstrate that the expression of the neu oncogene is able to block GJIC and to induce tumorigenicity in the rat liver WB-F344 cell line.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90