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Interaction of a peptide model of a hydrophobic transmembrane alpha-helical segment of a membrane protein with phosphatidylcholine bilayers: Differential scanning calorimetric and FTIR spectroscopic studies



Interaction of a peptide model of a hydrophobic transmembrane alpha-helical segment of a membrane protein with phosphatidylcholine bilayers: Differential scanning calorimetric and FTIR spectroscopic studies



Biochemistry 31(46): 11579-11588



High-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to study the interaction of a synthetic model hydrophobic peptide, Lys-2-Gly-Leu-24-Lys-2-Ala-amide, and members of the homologous series of n-saturated diacylphosphatidylcholines. In the low range of peptide mole fractions, the DSC thermograms exhibited by the lipid/peptide mixtures are resolvable into two components. One of these components is fairly narrow, highly cooperative, and exhibits properties which are simialar to but not identical with those of the pure lipid. In addition, the fractional contribution of this component to the total enthalpy change, the peak transition temperature, and cooperativity decrease with an increase in peptide concentration, more or less independently of acyl chain length. The other component is very broad and predominates in the high range of peptide concentration. These two components have been assigned to the chain melting phase transitions of populations of bulk lipid and peptide-associated lipid, respectively. Moreover, when the mean hydrophobic thickness of the PC bilayer is less than the peptide hydrophobic length, the peptide-associated lipid melts at higher temperatures than does the bulk lipid and vice versa. In addition, the chain-melting enthalpy of the broad endotherm does not decrease to zero even at high peptide concentrations, suggesting that this peptide reduces but do not abolish the cooperative gel/liquid-crystalline phase transition of the lipids with which it is in contact. Our DSC results indicate that the width of the phase transition observed at high peptide concentration is inversely but discontinuously related to hydrocarbon chain length and that gel phase immiscibility occurs when the hydrophobic thickness of the bilayer greatly exceeds the hydrophobic length of the peptide. The FTIR spectroscopic data indicate that the peptide forms a very stable alpha-helix under all of our experimental conditions but that small distortions of its alpha-helical conformation are induced in response to any mismatch between peptide hydrophobic length and bilayer hydrophobic thickness. These results also indicate that the peptide alters the conformational disposition of the acyl chains in contact with it and that the resultant conformational changes in the lipid hydrocarbon chains tend to minimize the extent of mismatch of peptide hydrophobic length and bilayer hydrophobic thickness.

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Accession: 008891597

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1445893

DOI: 10.1021/bi00161a042


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