Interaction of adrenomedullin and platelet-derived growth factor on rat mesangial cell production of endothelin

Kohno, M.; Yasunari, K.; Yokokawa, K.; Horio, T.; Ikeda, M.; Kano, H.; Minami, M.; Hanehira, T.; Yoskikawa, J.

Hypertension 27(3 Part 2): 663-667

1996


ISSN/ISBN: 0194-911X
PMID: 8613221
Accession: 008891647

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Abstract
Adrenomedullin has recently been isolated from human pheochromocytoma. We designed the present study to examine the effect of adrenomedullin on the production of the vasoconstrictive and growth-promoting peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) after stimulation with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in cultured rat glomerular mesangial cells. PDGF stimulated ET-1 production in a concentration-dependent manner. Rat adrenomedullin inhibited this stimulated ET-1 production in a concentration-dependent manner between 10(-7) and 10(-8) mol/L. Rat adrenomedullin also increased the cellular level of cAMP in a concentration-dependent manner between 10(-7) and 10(-8) mol/L. Human adrenomedullin was less effective than rat adrenomedullin with respect to inhibiting ET-1 production and increasing cAMP levels. The addition of 8-bromo-cAMP (10(-3) and 10(-4) mol/L) reduced PDGF-induced ET-1 production. Furthermore, forskolin (10(-4) and 10(-5) mol/L), an activator of adenylate cyclase, reduced PDGF-induced ET-1 production. In contrast, the basal production of ET-1 was not significantly altered by rat and human adrenomedullin. These results indicate that adrenomedullin inhibits PDGF-induced ET-1 production in cultured rat mesangial cells, probably through a cAMP-dependent process.