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Interleukin 4 suppresses c-kit ligand-induced expression of cytosolic phospholipase A2 and prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2 and their roles in separate pathways of eicosanoid synthesis in mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells



Interleukin 4 suppresses c-kit ligand-induced expression of cytosolic phospholipase A2 and prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2 and their roles in separate pathways of eicosanoid synthesis in mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells



Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 92(13): 6107-6111



Mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) developed with interleukin 3 (IL-3) can be stimulated by c-kit ligand (KL) and accessory cytokines over a period of hours for direct delayed prostaglandin (PG) generation or over a period of days to prime for augmented IgE-dependent PG and leukotriene (LT) production, as previously reported. We now report that IL-4 is counterregulatory for each of these distinct KL-dependent responses. BMMCs cultured for 4 days with KL + IL-3 or with KL + IL-10 produced 5- to 7-fold more PGD2 and approximately 2-fold more LTC4 in response to IgE-dependent activation than BMMCs maintained in IL-3 alone. IL-4 inhibited the priming for increased IgE-dependent PGD2 and LTC4 production to the level obtained by activation of BMMCs maintained in IL-3 alone with an IC50 of approximately 0.2 ng/ml. IL-4 inhibited the KL-induced increase in expression of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) but had no effect on the incremental expression of PG endoperoxide synthase 1 (PGHS-1) and hematopoietic PGD2 synthase or on the continued baseline expression of 5-lipoxygenase, 5-lipoxygenase activating protein, and LTC4 synthase. BMMCs stimulated by KL + IL-10 for 10 h exhibited a delayed phase of PGD2 generation, which was dependent on de novo induction of PGHS-2. IL-4 inhibited the induction of PGHS-2 expression and the accompanying cytokine-initiated delayed PGD2 generation with an IC50 of approximately 6 ng/ml. IL-4 had no effect on the expression of PGHS-2 and the production of PGD2 elicited by addition of IL-1 beta to the combination of KL + IL-10. IL-4 had no effect on the immediate phase of eicosanoid synthesis elicited by KL alone or by IgE and antigen in BMMCs maintained in IL-3. Thus, the counterregulatory action of IL-4 on eicosanoid generation is highly selective for the induced incremental expression of cPLA2 and the de novo expression of PGHS-2, thereby attenuating time-dependent cytokine-regulated responses to stimulation via Fc epsilon receptor I and stimulation via c-kit, respectively.

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Accession: 008897886

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7541141

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.92.13.6107


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