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Intraglomerular C3 synthesis in rats with passive Heymann nephritis



Intraglomerular C3 synthesis in rats with passive Heymann nephritis



American Journal of Pathology 151(5): 1249-1256



Passive Heymann nephritis (PHN), a model of human membranous nephropathy, is an immune-complex-mediated glomerulonephritis characterized by the presence of complement-dependent tissue injury. Recent studies have confirmed the synthesis of C3, involved in both the classical and alternative pathways of complement, in injured human and animal renal tissues. However, there is little clear information on the role of local C3 synthesis in the pathogenesis of nephritides such as PHN. In the present study, using nonradioactive in situ hybridization and semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, we examined C3 synthesis in the kidney and its contribution to tissue injury in a rat model of PHN induced by the injection of polyclonal anti-gp330 antibody. C3 mRNA was localized in mesangial cells, glomerular epithelial cells, and cells of Bowman's capsule. During the early stages of PHN, C3 mRNA expression was detected in mesangial cells and glomerular epithelial cells, whereas such expression was limited to mesangial cells during the late stages of the disease. Focal, weak C3 mRNA expression was detected in tubular epithelial cells and occasionally in the interstitium. Semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the level of C3 mRNA expression correlated with that of proteinuria. Our results suggest that renal cells synthesize C3 mRNA in PHN in a site-specific manner and that locally produced C3 is associated with the development of proteinuria in this model.

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Accession: 008906629

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PMID: 9358750


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